Scott Breckinridge
Personal information
Full nameScott Dudley Breckinridge
Born(1882-05-23)May 23, 1882
San Francisco, California, U.S.
DiedAugust 1, 1941(1941-08-01) (aged 59)
Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.
Gertrude Ashby Bayne
(m. 1911)
CountryUnited States
College teamUnited States Military Academy
Achievements and titles
Olympic finals1912 Summer Olympics

Scott Dudley Breckinridge (May 23, 1882 – August 1, 1941)[1] was an American fencer and gynecologist. He competed in the individual foil and team épée events at the 1912 Summer Olympics.[2][3]

Early life

Breckinridge was born in San Francisco, California on May 23, 1882. He was the son of Louise Ludlow (née Dudley) and Joseph Cabell Breckinridge Sr.[4] Among his many siblings was older brother was Joseph Cabell Breckinridge Jr., an officer in the United States Navy in the Spanish–American War who died while serving on the torpedo boat USS Cushing. His younger brother, Henry Skillman Breckinridge, served as the United States Assistant Secretary of War under President Woodrow Wilson.

Unlike his father's cousin, John Cabell Breckinridge, a Confederate major general and former Vice President of the United States, his father Joseph was a Union Army officer from Kentucky during the American Civil War who served as Inspector General of the Army and was a major general of volunteers in the Spanish–American War.

His paternal grandfather was Robert Jefferson Breckinridge, a Presbyterian minister, politician, public office holder and abolitionist. His maternal grandfather was Ethelbert Ludlow Dudley, a prominent physician in Lexington, Kentucky.[5]


Breckinridge attended the United States Military Academy at West Point where he excelled at fencing. He became a member of the United States fencing team at the 1912 Summer Olympics held in Stockholm, Sweden, competing in the épée and foil. He later coached the fencing team at the University of Kentucky.[1]

He later attended Georgetown University School of Medicine where he graduated with a degree in medicine and then interned at Providence Hospital in Washington, D.C., and Columbia University Hospital in New York City. During World War I, he served in the Army and was promoted to Colonel.[1]

Personal life

In 1911, Breckinridge was married to Gertrude Ashby Bayne (1883–1981).[6] Together, they were the parents of two sons and a daughter, including:[1]

Breckinridge died at his home in Lexington, Kentucky on August 1, 1941.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e "DR. S. D. BRECKINRIDGE, GYNECOLOGIST, WAS 59; Kentucky Practitioner, Former National Fencing Champion" (PDF). The New York Times. August 2, 1941. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  2. ^ "Scott Breckinridge Olympic Results". Archived from the original on April 18, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
  3. ^ "Scott Breckinridge". Olympedia. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  4. ^ Brown, Alexander The Cabells and Their Kin: A Memorial Volume of History, Biography, and Genealogy (1895).
  5. ^ Dorman, John Frederick (1982). The Prestons of Smithfield and Greenfield in Virginia: descendants of John and Elizabeth (Patton) Preston through five generations. Filson Club. p. 113. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  6. ^ Kleber, John E. (2015). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky. p. 117. ISBN 9780813159010. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  7. ^ "John Bayne Breckinridge". The New York Times. July 31, 1979. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  8. ^ "Scott D. Breckinridge, Jr. Collection, 1801-2000, 1980-2000". University of Kentucky Libraries. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Obituary for Gertrude Breckinridge Peyton at Hill and Wood". Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  10. ^ "MISS BRECKINRIDGE WED IN WASHINGTON; Wears Heavy Ivory Satin at Marriage to Lieut. Compton Sargent, Army Engineers" (PDF). The New York Times. June 25, 1944. Retrieved June 18, 2019.