|Full name||Scott Dudley Breckinridge|
|Born||May 23, 1882|
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Died||August 1, 1941 (aged 59)|
Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.
Gertrude Ashby Bayne
|College team||United States Military Academy|
|Achievements and titles|
|Olympic finals||1912 Summer Olympics|
Scott Dudley Breckinridge (May 23, 1882 – August 1, 1941) was an American fencer and gynecologist. He competed in the individual foil and team épée events at the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Breckinridge was born in San Francisco, California on May 23, 1882. He was the son of Louise Ludlow (née Dudley) and Joseph Cabell Breckinridge Sr. Among his many siblings was older brother was Joseph Cabell Breckinridge Jr., an officer in the United States Navy in the Spanish–American War who died while serving on the torpedo boat USS Cushing. His younger brother, Henry Skillman Breckinridge, served as the United States Assistant Secretary of War under President Woodrow Wilson.
Unlike his father's cousin, John Cabell Breckinridge, a Confederate major general and former Vice President of the United States, his father Joseph was a Union Army officer from Kentucky during the American Civil War who served as Inspector General of the Army and was a major general of volunteers in the Spanish–American War.
His paternal grandfather was Robert Jefferson Breckinridge, a Presbyterian minister, politician, public office holder and abolitionist. His maternal grandfather was Ethelbert Ludlow Dudley, a prominent physician in Lexington, Kentucky.
Breckinridge attended the United States Military Academy at West Point where he excelled at fencing. He became a member of the United States fencing team at the 1912 Summer Olympics held in Stockholm, Sweden, competing in the épée and foil. He later coached the fencing team at the University of Kentucky.
He later attended Georgetown University School of Medicine where he graduated with a degree in medicine and then interned at Providence Hospital in Washington, D.C., and Columbia University Hospital in New York City. During World War I, he served in the Army and was promoted to Colonel.
In 1911, Breckinridge was married to Gertrude Ashby Bayne (1883–1981). Together, they were the parents of two sons and a daughter, including:
Breckinridge died at his home in Lexington, Kentucky on August 1, 1941.