Screen Australia
PredecessorsAustralian Film Commission
Film Finance Corporation Australia
Film Australia
Founded1 July 2008 (2008-07-01)
HeadquartersSydney, New South Wales, Australia
Number of employees
95
Websitescreenaustralia.gov.au

Screen Australia is the Australian Federal Government's key funding body for the Australian screen production industry, created under the Screen Australia Act 2008. From 1 July 2008 Screen Australia took over the functions of its predecessor agencies the Australian Film Commission (AFC), the Film Finance Corporation Australia (FFC) and Film Australia Limited.

Screen Australia supports the development, production, promotion and distribution of Australian narrative and documentary screen content.

History

The Commonwealth Screen Australia Act 2008 provides detailed information about the specific functions and powers of Screen Australia.[1] Under this act, from 1 July 2008 the Australian Film Commission, the Film Finance Corporation Australia and Film Australia Limited were merged into one body, to be known as Screen Australia.[2] New Zealand television and film executive Ruth Harley was appointed the inaugural chief executive officer, handing over to Graeme Mason at the end of her five-year term in 2013.[3]

Management and functions

Screen Australia functions to support and promote the development of screen culture in Australia, with a primary focus on creating innovative and commercially sustainable screen production. Screen Australia also operates to support the production, promotion and distribution of Australian screen content, as well as ensuring access to these programs. Screen Australia provides support to content creators through providing financial assistance, guarantees, services, facilities, programs and equipment, as well as sponsoring other activities, and supports the development of a diverse range of Australian programs, with an emphasis on documentaries, children's programs and cultural programs. It also promotes programs that incorporate matters of national interest or importance to Australians, or programs with relevance to Australian people and their lives.[1] Across its various departments, Screen Australia supports the development, production, promotion and distribution of Australian narrative and documentary screen content.[4]

As of 2020, the CEO is Graeme Mason, while Sally Caplan is Head of Content. The chairman of the Screen Australia Board is Nicholas Moore, while board members include Claudia Karvan and Deborah Mailman.[5]

The agency not only provides funding to individuals and companies within the industry, but also administers the tax rebate for the production of Australian screen content, known as the Producer Offset.[6] (The other rebates which complete the "Australian Screen Production Incentive" suite are maintained by the Department of Communications and the Arts.[7])

Indigenous Department

In 1993, the Australian Film Commission established the Indigenous Branch, whose work was continued through Screen Australia's Indigenous Department. This branch was creating following the recommendations of Shirley McPherson and Michael Pope's report, Promoting Indigenous Involvement in the Film and Television Industry, with the primary objective of increasing the rate of engagement of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people within the screen industry. After the establishment of Screen Australia in 2008, it took over the department.[8]

From 2004 the AFC and from 2008 Screen Australia's Indigenous units helped to fund the Message Sticks Indigenous Film Festival.[9]

In her role as head of the Indigenous Department (continuing from head of the AFC's Indigenous Branch), Sally Riley was responsible for the production of the award-winning feature film Samson and Delilah in 2009, directed by Warwick Thornton. She also helped to launch the career of other Indigenous film professionals, such as Wayne Blair, Beck Cole and Darlene Johnson, and under her leadership, development support was provided for the acclaimed series First Australians (2008), by Rachel Perkins and Darren Dale.[10] Riley left in 2010, after being appointed as the inaugural head of the Indigenous department at ABC Television,[11] and was succeeded by Penny Smallacombe.[12]

Statistics showed a significant shift in the engagement of Indigenous and Torres Straight Islanders within the film industry over 25 years of the existence of the Indigenous Department. A 2002 study found that no Indigenous actors had a notable role on Australian television in 1992, and this number had only risen to two by 1999. However, a Screen Australia study in 2016 found that 5 percent of main characters on Australian television between 2011 and 2015 were Indigenous.[8]

As of June 2018 the Indigenous Department had provided A$35 million in funding to over 160 projects, with its annual budget then A$3.3 million.[8]

In August 2018, the department celebrated 25 years of its existence, which filmmakers, actors and others associated with the industry, including Rachel Perkins, Ivan Sen, Leah Purcell, and Warwick Thornton, celebrated at the Carriageworks in Redfern.[12][13][14]

To be eligible for assistance from Screen Australia's Indigenous Department, the applicant must be an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Australian and must develop a project in which an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Australian has a key creative role, such as a writer or director.[8]

Funding programs

As of 2020 (having introduced a new system in 2018[15]), Screen Australia runs several funding programs for Australian filmmakers:[16]

There are also separate programs for funding feature films relating to Indigenous Australians,[17] documentary films,[18] and for pitching films to international markets.[19]

Application process

The application process to receive funding from Screen Australia was previously complicated and required creators to have previous screen credits in order to be eligible. However, the introduction of the Generate and Premium funds has allowed for virtually no eligibility barriers, encouraging new entrants to complete the application process. An application to receive funding from Screen Australia requires a one-page synopsis as well as a three-minute pitch to camera, describing the story, intended audience and how the film will reach them.[20]

Recent funding

Screen Australia supplied nearly A$76 million in direct funding to the screen sector in the 2018/19 financial year.[21]

In the 2019/20 financial year, A$41 million was approved for producing narrative films, including television drama, feature films, children's television and online productions.[5]

In 2020, the funding model and the practices of the organisation had to change significantly owing to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia and worldwide on the film industry. Screen Australia first gave more than A$1 million in emergency funding for productions that had already had funding, but were forced to close down or pause production. Additional funding was provided for projects that could work remotely, and a new Premium Plus development fund was launched. COVID-safe guidelines were developed for the industry in a joint initiative by the Australian Screen Sector Task Force; Screen Australia allocated A$10 million to a new COVID-19 Budget Support Fund, and were appointed to administer the A$50 million Temporary Interruption Fund (TIF), announced by the government on 25 June 2020.[5]

In August 2020, A$2.7 million in funding was announced, allocated to nine projects which include two feature films, two television series (one for children)and several online projects.[22] In October 2020, further funding was announced the first round of funding for the 2020/21 financial year from the Premium and Generate funding schemes, which includes funding for 7 feature films, 16 TV drama series and 5 online projects.[23]

Currently there are significant legislative changes under review which will affect how the Qualifying Australian Production Expenditure (QAPE) is structured.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Screen Australia Act 2008 (Series)". Federal Register of Legislation. Australian Government. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
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    Text may have been copied from this source, which is available under a Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence.
  2. ^ "About us: Who we are". Screen Australia. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Graeme Mason appointed as Screen Australia CEO". The Australian Business Executive. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  4. ^ "About us: What we do". Screen Australia. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Screen Australia Annual Report 2019/20 (PDF) (Report). Screen Australia. October 2020. pp. 10–13, 18. ISSN 1837-2740.
  6. ^ "Producer Offset - Funding and Support". Screen Australia. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Australian Screen Production Incentive". Department of Communications and the Arts. Australian Government. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ a b c d Keast, Jackie (June 2018). "Screen Australia's Indigenous Department turns 25". Inside Film (183): 11–13. ISSN 1447-2252 – via Informit.
  9. ^ Screen Australia (July 2019). "The Next 25 Years: Screen Australia Indigenous Department Strategy" (PDF). Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  10. ^ "Sally Riley to leave Screen Australia". Screen Australia. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  11. ^ Martyn, Shona (30 July 2021). "'We need new voices': The ABC boss who's changing what we see on TV". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Screen Australia's Indigenous Department turns 25". FilmInk. August 2018.
  13. ^ "Screen Australia'S Indigenous Department turns 25". Sydney Arts Guide. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Screen Australia's Indigenous Department celebrates 25 years". Screen Australia. 4 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Development: Funding programs". Screen Australia. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Development: Funding programs". Screen Australia. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Feature Development". Screen Australia. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Documentary development". Screen Australia. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Festivals, Events and Awards: International marketing support: Pitching Events/Talent Labs". Screen Australia. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  20. ^ Siemienowicz, Rochelle (2018). "Smashing Barriers to Entry: Screen Australia's Drama-Development Funding Overhaul". Metro: Media & Education Magazine: 126–127. Note: No such title to be found, but probably within "Metro Magazine: Media & Education Magazine - Scope: Screen industry views". Metro Magazine: Media & Education Magazine (198): 126–128. October 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2020 – via Informit., after the funding programs changed (see above)
  21. ^ "Drama Report 2018/19: Spend on Australian titles hits all-time high | Media centre". Screen Australia. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  22. ^ "Screen Australia announces funding for nine projects". Mumbrella. 26 August 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  23. ^ "Screen Australia announces $1 million in development funding". IF Magazine. 28 October 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.

Further reading