Seekonk River
Seekonk River at Providence, Rhode Island, with a view of the Crook Point Bascule Bridge
Location
CountryUnited States
StateRhode Island
CountyProvidence
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationBlackstone River, at Pawtucket Falls in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
 • coordinates41°52′38″N 71°22′56″W / 41.8771°N 71.3822°W / 41.8771; -71.3822
Mouth 
 • location
Providence River in Providence, Rhode Island
 • coordinates
41°48′59″N 71°23′28″W / 41.8163°N 71.3910°W / 41.8163; -71.3910
Length8 km (5.0 mi)

The Seekonk River is a tidal extension of the Providence River in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. It flows approximately 8 km (5 mi). The name may be derived from an Algonquian word for skunk[1] or for black goose.[2] The river is home to the Brown University men's rowing team, India Point Park, Blackstone Park Conservation District, Crook Point Bascule Bridge, Narragansett Boat Club (the oldest rowing club in the country), Swan Point Cemetery, and the Bucklin Point waste-water treatment facility.[3] The River is listed by the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management as an impaired waterway.[4]

Course

The river begins where the Blackstone River reaches sea level below Pawtucket Falls. From there it flows due south between Providence and East Providence, picks up flow from the Ten Mile River, and eventually flows into the Providence River between Bold Point and India Point. The Seekonk River is the northernmost point of Narragansett Bay tidewater.

Slate Rock

Slate Rock
1847 painting by James Sullivan Lincoln
Slate Rock memorial

A prominent boulder on the west shore of the Seekonk River (near the current Gano Park) was once one of Providence's most important historic landmarks. Slate Rock was said to be the spot where a group of Narragansetts first welcomed the exiled Roger Williams in 1636 with the famous phrase "What cheer, netop?", and directed him to his eventual settlement location at the fork of the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck Rivers.[5][6][7]

The historic rock was accidentally blown up by city workers in 1877. They were attempting to expose a buried portion of the stone, but used too much dynamite and the stone was "blasted to pieces."[5] Pieces of the stone were later sold for souvenirs. A monument in nearby Slate Rock Park commemorates the location.[5][6][7]

Flora and fauna

The Seekonk River is home to numerous fauna that either migrate to the bay at some point during the year or live there year-round. Several species of fish, shellfish and crab have been documented.[8] Birds include loon, cormorants, herons, gulls, terns, swans and geese.[9]

Spartina and Phragmites grasses are found in high marsh areas, while brown and green seaweeds are found in the intertidal zone. Riparian vegetation includes shrubs such as Rosa rugosa and trees like willow, oak and beech.[10]

Crossings

Looking out at the Henderson Bridge from Blackstone Park

Below is a list of all crossings over the Seekonk River. The list starts at the headwaters and goes downstream.

Tributaries

See also

References

  1. ^ Native American Placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. 2004. ISBN 9780806135984.
  2. ^ Parsons, Usher (1861). "Indian Names of Places in Rhode Island - Usher Parsons, Rhode Island Historical Society - Google Books". Retrieved 2022-09-14.
  3. ^ "Narrabay - Bucklin Point". Archived from the original on 2011-09-12. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  4. ^ http://www.dem.ri.gov/pubs/303d/303d10.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ a b c "Roger Williams's Landing Place Monument". Quahog dot org. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  6. ^ a b Shamgochian, John (3 August 2020). "Slate Rock, The Landing Place of Roger Williams". Rhode Island Historical Society. Archived from the original on 23 December 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Slate Rock Park". Sowams Heritage Area. 14 January 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  8. ^ "Other Wildlife".
  9. ^ "Birds".
  10. ^ "Plants".