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Seneca mythology refers to the mythology of the Onödowáʼga: (Seneca people), one of the six nations of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy) from the northeastern United States and Canada.

Most Seneca stories were transmitted orally, and began to be written down in the nineteenth century. The ethnologist Jeremiah Curtin began transcribing stories in 1883.[1] In 1923, Arthur C. Parker published Seneca Myths and Folk Tales. Parker identified eleven factors characterizing Seneca folklore:[2]: pp.3–5 


Parker classifies the stories into six groups: "When the World was New", "Boys who Defied Magic and Overcame it", "Tales of Love and Marriage", "Horror Tales of Cannibals and Sorcerers", "Tales of Talking Animals", and "Tales of Giants, Pygmies, and Monster Bears".


Some important figures in Seneca mythology are:

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Curtin, Jeremiah (1923). Seneca Indian Myths. New York: E.P.Dutton & Company. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Parker, Arthur Caswell. Seneca myths and folk tales. Buffalo, New York: Buffalo Historical Society. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
  3. ^ "Secret Medicine Societies of the Seneca". New York State Museum 66th annual report. 2: 119. 1912. Retrieved April 23, 2023.