Sengar, also known as Sanghar ,singraur and Songar are a clan of Rajputs in India.[1]

History

The central Indian state Madhya Pradesh was the location of battles and lesser-known rule of the Sengar Rajputs. In the eleventh century CE, they migrated from Jalaun to the fertile area of Rewa district known as Mauganj. They constructed garhis (forts) in Mauganj, Nai Garhi, Mangawan, and Bichhrata that was historically known as 'Mau Raj'. This kingdom battled and survived the invasion of the Kalachuris until the Baghelas arrived in the region in the fourteenth century and defeated the Sengars. They destroyed the fort in Mau and forced them to disperse. The region was named Baghelkhand and Rewa became the capital of Baghelas.[2]

Accordingly, sengar were the decendant of shringi[3] rishi who was son in law of raja dashrath , married to his daughter "Shanta" and perform a "putrajeshthi" yagya after which Lord Rama was born. Shringi rishi had two son from one son Gautam vansh and other son sengar vansh followed. Shringverpur was the penitential (Tapobhumi) place of shringi rishi which is now known to be as singraur . Singraur word is also mentioned in ramchatritra Manas. Sengar kshtriya of that time formed an organisation named as singraur with a collaboration of sengar and ror's of haryana and Rajasthan to fought against khalifas, that organisation of kshtriya clan of sengars are called singraur. Mostly sengar were the large in numbers. During the mughals era fighting to mughals the sengars escaped from the place shrinverpur to the near by places like prayagraj, kaushambi, fatehpur , rewa , gharwal etc. And adopted the place or organization name to denote their bravery and title as well , therefore Sengar of these region were known as singraur . And place shringverpur were also known to be singraur since 8 century AD

The Fort of Nai Garhi constructed by the Sengar clan
The Fort of Nai Garhi constructed by the Sengar clan

The disgruntled Sengars migrated to Naigarhi and constructed a fort that was more robust than their fort in Mau. The rising influence of Baghelas due to their amity with the Mughals made them a strong opponent. The Sengars of Naigarhi took control of 107 villages and 36 thakurs of this clan were appointed in the villages Gangeo, Pahari, and Jodhpur.[4] In 1882, the British forced the Thakur of Naigarhi to attend Dussehera ceremonies in Rewa and once he paid his dues he was granted back his estate.[5]

The area of Lateri in present-day Madhya Pradesh was once ruled by the Sengars, whose livelihood was derived primarily from looting and plundering, and was reflected in the name of their capital, Looteri.[6] In what is now Uttar Pradesh, the principal town of the Lakhnesar Pargana during the mediaeval period was Rasra.[3] When the Sengars opposed British activities in 1812, Colonel Martindell came with a troop of sepoys to quell them. The Sengars attacked the marching sepoys on Great Deccan Road and several were killed. The Sengars then plundered the area. Siddiqui considers this act of attacking British forces to be a part of the movement for the independence of India.[7]

The Sengars' reputation as warriors originated in the Lodi era, when they safeguarded their territories against the Delhi Sultanate and fought Babur. They remained an important population segment when land reforms were carried out by Akbar in the Indo-Gangetic Plain of northern India.[8][page needed] They fought the British while maintaining their land rights and territorial regime in areas of Lakhnesar and Baliya in the nineteenth century.[9][page needed]

In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the Sengars were among the communities that practised female infanticide, in Bundelkhand, an area that is now split between Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.[10]

Notables

References

  1. ^ Stokes, Eric (1980). The Peasant and the Raj: Studies in Agrarian Society and Peasant Rebellion in Colonial India. Cambridge University Press. pp. 78–81. ISBN 9780521297707. Their claim on Chandravansh is disputed though
  2. ^ Baker 2007, p. 68.
  3. ^ a b Singh, Kashi N. (June 1968). "The Territorial Basis of Medieval Town and Village Settlement in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India". Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 58 (2): 203–220. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8306.1968.tb00640.x. JSTOR 2561611. (subscription required)
  4. ^ Baker 2007, p. 88.
  5. ^ Baker 2007, p. 195.
  6. ^ Jain, Ajit Kumar (1993). Marketing in an Agricultural Region: A Geographical Study of Periodic Markets in Vidisha Plateau, Madhya Pradesh. Northern Book Centre. p. 12. ISBN 978-8-17211-034-5.
  7. ^ Siddiqui, A. U. (2004). Indian Freedom Movement in Princely States of Vindhya Pradesh. New Delhi: Northern Book Centre. p. 33. ISBN 978-8-17211-150-2. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  8. ^ Saiyad Hasan Ansari, Evolution and Spatial Organization of Clan Settlements: A Case Study of Middle Ganga Valley, Concept Publishing Company, 1986
  9. ^ Malik, Subhash Chandra (1977). Dissent, Protest, and Reform in Indian Civilization. Indian Institute of Advanced Study. ISBN 9780836401042.
  10. ^ Mukharya, P. S.; Shrivastava, R. C. (1990). "Cultural History of Bundelkhand during Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries". In Kusuman, K. K.; Menon, A. Sreedhara (eds.). A Panorama of Indian Culture: Professor A. Sreedhara Menon Felicitation Volume. Mittal Publications. p. 143. ISBN 978-8-17099-214-1.
  11. ^ "Expelled BJP MLA Kuldeep Sengar Convicted In Unnao Rape Case". NDTV.com. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  12. ^ Agarwal, Stuti (31 December 2013). "Kratika Sengar to do an item number!". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  13. ^ Bhatia, Saloni (21 April 2015) "Kratika Sengar: I didn't step out much because I found Delhi unsafe". Times of India.

Further reading