Sequoyah County
The Sequoyah County Courthouse in Sallisaw.
The Sequoyah County Courthouse in Sallisaw.
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Sequoyah County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°30′N 94°45′W / 35.5°N 94.75°W / 35.5; -94.75
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Founded1907
Named forSequoyah
SeatSallisaw
Largest citySallisaw
Area
 • Total714 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Land673 sq mi (1,740 km2)
 • Water41 sq mi (110 km2)  5.7%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total42,391
 • Estimate 
(2019)
41,569
 • Density58/sq mi (22/km2)
Congressional district2nd

Sequoyah County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,391.[1] The county seat is Sallisaw.[2] Sequoyah County was created in 1907 when Oklahoma became a state. It was named after Sequoyah, who created the Cherokee syllabary and its written language.[3]

Sequoyah County is part of the Fort Smith, AR-OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Archaeological sites within the borders of the present county date to the Archaic Period (6000 BC to 1 AD). A slightly smaller number of sites date to the Plains Village period (1000 to 1500 AD).[3]

Sequoyah's Cabin in 2004
Sequoyah's Cabin in 2004

French traders came to this area in the 1700s, as they had posts in neighboring present-day Arkansas, part of their La Louisiane colony. Spain claimed the area until 1800, when France under Napoleon re-asserted control. He was making a last effort for French colonization in North America. But he ceded control by selling the Louisiana in 1803, when the United States purchased all French territory west of the Mississippi River.

Until 1816 the powerful Osage Nation dominated this and a much larger territory, reaching to the Mississippi River. Under Lovely's Purchase, the US bought some of their land. Under pressure in the Southeast, some Cherokee migrated to the west early, and settled here on land granted by the US. The area was then known as Lovely County, Arkansas Territory.

The US forced removal of the Western Cherokee from Arkansas in 1829, resettling them in Indian Territory: present-day Sequoyah County, Oklahoma. Sequoyah was among the Cherokee who moved into this area, where he built a cabin that still stands. The Dwight Mission was moved to a site on Sallisaw Creek, and it still stands.[3]

In the late 1830s, the US forced Indian Removal of most of the Cherokee in the Southeast from the remainder of their lands. They had to trek under Army escort to Indian Territory, a passage they called the Trail of Tears for its high fatalities and sorrows of leaving their homelands.

Dwight Mission in October 1969
Dwight Mission in October 1969

The Cherokee Nation established its first capital at a place called Tahlonteskee (Tahlontuskey), near the present town of Gore, Oklahoma. Tahlonteskee remained the capital until 1839, when it was superseded by Tahlequah. It continued as a meeting place for the "Old Settlers," as the Western Cherokee were known.[3]

This area, then known as the Sequoyah District, was dominated by Cherokee who were Confederate sympathizers during the Civil War, as were the majority of the nation. Many of the Cherokee were slaveholders; they also had been told that the Confederates would provide them with a Native American state if victorious in the war. The only combat was on June 15, 1864, when Colonel Stand Watie and his Confederate troops conducted the ambush of the Union steamboat J. R. Williams on the Arkansas River.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 714 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 673 square miles (1,740 km2) is land and 41 square miles (110 km2) (5.7%) is water.[4]

The county is divided between the Ozark Plateau in the north and the Ouachita Mountains in the south. The Cookson Hills are in the northwest part of the county. The Arkansas River forms the southern border. Other major waterways are the Illinois River and Robert S. Kerr Reservoir.[3]

Major highways

Interstate 40 runs east and west through Sequoyah County, while U.S. 59 runs north and south through the county.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
191025,005
192026,7867.1%
193019,505−27.2%
194023,13818.6%
195019,773−14.5%
196018,001−9.0%
197023,37029.8%
198030,74931.6%
199033,82810.0%
200038,97215.2%
201042,3918.8%
2019 (est.)41,569[5]−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2019[1]
Age pyramid for Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.
Age pyramid for Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 38,972 people, 14,761 households, and 10,982 families residing in the county. The population density was 22/km2 (58/mi2). There were 16,940 housing units at an average density of 10/km2 (25/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.12% White, 1.86% Black or African American, 19.64% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 9.39% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 95.8% spoke English, 2.1% Cherokee and 1.7% Spanish as their first language.

There were 14,761 households, out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,615, and the median income for a family was $32,673. Males had a median income of $26,613 versus $19,751 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,405. About 16.10% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.80% of those under age 18 and 18.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Sequoyah County Sheriff's Office
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionSequoyah, Oklahoma, United States
Legal jurisdictionAs per operations jurisdiction
General nature
Operational structure
Agency executives
  • Larry Lane, Sheriff
  • Roger Fuller, Undersheriff
Facilities
Stations1
Jails1
Boats1

The county law enforcement is the Sequoyah County Sheriff's Office. The department patrols all of the county's rural areas and provides at least three investigators in the department. The current sheriff is Larry Lane.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[11]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 11,222 51.86%
Republican 7,795 36.02%
Others 2,623 12.12%
Total 21,640 100%
United States presidential election results for Sequoyah County, Oklahoma[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 12,113 78.73% 3,035 19.73% 238 1.55%
2016 10,888 75.42% 3,061 21.20% 488 3.38%
2012 9,578 69.55% 4,193 30.45% 0 0.00%
2008 9,466 68.00% 4,454 32.00% 0 0.00%
2004 8,865 60.00% 5,910 40.00% 0 0.00%
2000 6,614 53.97% 5,425 44.27% 215 1.75%
1996 4,733 39.04% 5,665 46.73% 1,726 14.24%
1992 4,925 36.33% 6,092 44.94% 2,539 18.73%
1988 5,710 53.22% 4,951 46.15% 68 0.63%
1984 7,042 62.32% 4,202 37.19% 56 0.50%
1980 5,987 53.24% 4,983 44.31% 276 2.45%
1976 3,938 39.84% 5,873 59.42% 73 0.74%
1972 6,842 71.64% 2,519 26.37% 190 1.99%
1968 2,797 36.93% 2,618 34.57% 2,158 28.50%
1964 2,846 39.80% 4,304 60.20% 0 0.00%
1960 3,862 56.76% 2,942 43.24% 0 0.00%
1956 3,330 48.33% 3,560 51.67% 0 0.00%
1952 3,288 44.67% 4,072 55.33% 0 0.00%
1948 2,077 31.83% 4,449 68.17% 0 0.00%
1944 2,893 44.70% 3,571 55.18% 8 0.12%
1940 3,803 45.92% 4,469 53.97% 9 0.11%
1936 2,609 37.87% 4,281 62.13% 0 0.00%
1932 1,833 28.04% 4,704 71.96% 0 0.00%
1928 3,296 55.04% 2,692 44.96% 0 0.00%
1924 2,875 45.11% 3,429 53.80% 70 1.10%
1920 3,195 54.96% 2,505 43.09% 113 1.94%
1916 1,179 35.32% 1,632 48.89% 527 15.79%
1912 1,115 40.75% 1,416 51.75% 205 7.49%


Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

NRHP sites

Main article: National Register of Historic Places listings in Sequoyah County, Oklahoma

The following sites in Sequoyah County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Baker "A" Archeological Site (34SQ269), Short
  • Citizen's State Bank, Marble City
  • Dwight Mission, Marble City
  • Ellison No. 2 Site (34SQ85), Short
  • Judge Franklin Faulkner House, Sallisaw
  • Fears Site (34SQ76), Nicut
  • First Presbyterian Church, Sallisaw

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f William L. Anderson, "Sequoyah County." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  5. ^ "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2019". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved February 21, 2021.

Coordinates: 35°30′N 94°45′W / 35.50°N 94.75°W / 35.50; -94.75