Sexton
Pickwick Papers, Le lutin et le bedeau24.jpeg
Hablot Knight Browne illustration: "The Goblin and the sexton" (published in The Pickwick Papers, 1837)
Occupation
Occupation type
Officer
Activity sectors
Church, congregation, or synagogue
Description
Related jobs
Sacristan

A sexton is an officer of a Church (building), congregation, or synagogue charged with the maintenance of its buildings and/or the surrounding graveyard. In smaller places of worship, this office is often combined with that of verger.[1] In larger buildings, such as cathedrals, a team of sextons may be employed.[2]

Historically in North America and the United Kingdom the "sexton" was sometimes a minor municipal official responsible for overseeing the town graveyard. In the United Kingdom the position still exists today, related to management of the community's graveyard, and the sexton is usually employed by the town/parish or community council.[3][4]

Origin of the name

The words "sexton" and "sacristan" both derive from the Medieval Latin word sacristanus meaning "custodian of sacred objects". "Sexton" represents the popular development of the word via the Old French "Segrestein".[5]

Duties

Among the traditional duties of the sexton in small parishes was the digging of graves—the gravedigger in Hamlet refers to himself as sexton, for example.[6] In modern times, grave digging and maintenance of the cemetery is usually done by an outside contractor. The general duties of a modern sexton may include:[7]

In many UK churches nowadays, where neither a sexton nor a verger is employed, these duties are likely to fall to the churchwardens.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "St Thomas' Church History". Archived from the original on 2011-05-15. Retrieved 2007-12-04.
  2. ^ "The Episcopal Diocese of California Employment Opportunities". 2007-11-19. Archived from the original on 2018-04-18. Retrieved 2007-12-04.
  3. ^ "Falmouth Town Council staff list". Archived from the original on 2008-12-22. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
  4. ^ "Ferryhill Council job description" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-03. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
  5. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. sexton, sacrist, sacristan, segerstein.
  6. ^ Project Gutenberg Hamlet by William Shakespeare Accessed 2007-12-04
  7. ^ "Dictionary of Occupational Titles, Fourth Edition". U.S. Department of Labor. 1991. Retrieved 2007-12-04.
  8. ^ Clements, Matthew (2018). Rotas, Rules and Rectors – How to Thrive being a Churchwarden. London: Matador. pp. 12–14. ISBN 978-1-78901-631-4.