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Sha Tin
沙田
Neighbourhood
Shing Mun River Promenade
Sha Tin
Sha Tin
Location within Hong Kong
Coordinates: 22°22′30″N 114°11′00″E / 22.37500°N 114.18333°E / 22.37500; 114.18333Coordinates: 22°22′30″N 114°11′00″E / 22.37500°N 114.18333°E / 22.37500; 114.18333
CountryChina
Provincial-level SARHong Kong
RegionNew Territories
DistrictSha Tin District
TownSha Tin New Town
Time zoneUTC+8 (HKT)
Sha Tin
Lek Yuen Bridge over
Shing Mun River in Sha Tin central
Traditional Chinese沙田
Simplified Chinese沙田
JyutpingSaa1 tin4
Literal meaningSandy Field

Sha Tin, also spelt Shatin, is a neighbourhood along Shing Mun River in the eastern New Territories, Hong Kong. Administratively, it is part of the Sha Tin District. Sha Tin is one of the neighbourhoods of the Sha Tin New Town project.

The new town was founded in 1973 under the New Towns Development Programme of the Hong Kong government. Its current name was named after the nearby village of Sha Tin Wai. The literal English translation is 'Sand Fields'.

History

Tai Wai Village, located in Tai Wai, next to Sha Tin, and the oldest and largest walled village in Sha Tin District, was built in 1574, during the Ming Dynasty.

Before British rule in Hong Kong, the area of Sha Tin and its vicinity was referred to as Lek Yuen (lit. "source of trickling" or "source of clear water"). Colonial officials allegedly mistook[citation needed] the name of the Sha Tin Wai village as the name of the area and it has been used ever since. Nowadays, the original name is used to refer to Lek Yuen Estate.

There was a market township: Sha Tin Hui, at the present location of Sha Tin Centre Street and New Town Plaza shopping centre, near the Sha Tin station of the MTR East Rail line.

Sha Tin was the location of the first flight of a powered aircraft in Hong Kong in 1911. The aeroplane was named as the Spirit of Sha Tin (沙田精神號). A full size replica of this plane now hangs in Hong Kong International Airport.

The area was formerly agricultural farmland. Before Sha Tin's development into a new town, Hung Mui Kuk (紅梅谷), southwest of Sha Tin, was perennially the main site for school picnics. The hillside area remains a popular barbecue site.

Starting in the 1970s, the area became part of the Sha Tin New Town development. Since then, the economy in the area has greatly improved and living standards have also increased. Sha Tin Town Centre was developed during the mid-1980s to help "link the town's currently dispersed residents into one cohesive community."[1] The 18-hectare site, adjacent to the railway station, was built up in stages to house an array of uses including the New Town Plaza, numerous smaller shopping malls, Sha Tin Park, a magistracy, library, town hall, marriage registry, hotel, town square, and several residential towers.

Geography

Sha Tin New Town under development in the late 1970s.
Sha Tin New Town under development in the late 1970s.

Sha Tin is located in a valley, on both sides of the Shing Mun River, running from the southwest to the northeast. It is bordered by Tai Wai in the southwest and by Fo Tan (left bank) and Shek Mun (right bank) in the northeast.

Cross-border activities

Due to their proximity to the Shenzhen border, towns in the northern parts of Hong Kong, notably Sheung Shui and Yuen Long, have become hubs for parallel traders who have been buying up large quantities of goods, forcing up local prices and disrupting the daily lives of local citizens.[2][3] Since 2012, there has been an increase in mainland parallel traders arriving in the North District of Hong Kong to re-export infant formula and household products – goods popular with mainlanders – across the border to Shenzhen.[4] The volume of smuggling activity spilled over into Tuen Mun and Sha Tin in 2014.

The first anti-parallel trading protest was started at Sheung Shui in September 2012.[5] As government efforts to limit the adverse impact of mainland trafficking were widely seen as inadequate, so there have been further subsequent protests in towns in the New Territories including Sha Tin.[6][7]

Housing

Sand Martin House of Sha Kok Estate, a second phase public housing complex in Sha Tin Wai.
Sand Martin House of Sha Kok Estate, a second phase public housing complex in Sha Tin Wai.

Public housing estates

Main article: Public housing estates in Sha Tin

Private housing estates

See also: Private housing estates in Sha Tin District

Private housing estates in Sha Tin include:

Villages

South bank of Shing Mun River. From west to east:

North bank of Shing Mun River. From west to east:

Shopping centres

New Town Plaza after renovation
New Town Plaza after renovation

Notable places of worship

Shatin Assembly of God Church
Shatin Assembly of God Church

Health

Prince of Wales Hospital

The Prince of Wales Hospital was officially opened in 1982. It provides about 1,400 hospital beds and 24 hours Accident & Emergency service to the eastern New Territories. Other institutions which provide hospital services include the Sha Tin Hospital, the Cheshire Home and the Union Hospital.

Other facilities

Sha Tin Park's main plaza.
Sha Tin Park's main plaza.

Education

Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School, one of the oldest secondary schools in Sha Tin
Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School, one of the oldest secondary schools in Sha Tin
Sha Tin College, a prestigious secondary school in the region.
Sha Tin College, a prestigious secondary school in the region.

At present, there are 46 primary and 44 secondary schools in Sha Tin and Ma On Shan.[11] Tertiary institutions include Hong Kong Baptist University (Shek Mun Campus), the Chinese University of Hong Kong, the Hang Seng University of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education - Sha Tin (IVE-ST) and the Hong Kong Sports Institute.

Culture, sports and recreational facilities

Sha Tin racecourse.
Sha Tin racecourse.

There are numerous cultural, recreational and sport facilities in Sha Tin including the Town Hall, swimming pools, football pitches, indoor recreation centres and various track and field facilities for the use of Sha Tin residents.

The 8-hectare Sha Tin Park was opened to public in 1988. Apart from its horticultural gardens and impressive water features, it also includes a large open plaza and a bandstand. The Ma On Shan Park, which is adjacent to Ma On Shan Swimming Pool, occupies 5.5 hectare of land.

The Sha Tin Racecourse, occupying approximately 70 hectares, rests on reclaimed flatland. At the centre of the racecourse is the Penfold Garden which opens to the public on non-racing days.

Located in Tai Wai, the Hong Kong Heritage Museum was opened at the end of 2000. Apart from introducing the art, culture and history of the New Territories, the museum also exhibits a variety of cultural artifacts for public appreciation. The museum, which can accommodate 6,000 visitors, is the largest in the territory.

Sha Tin Plaza in the evening
Sha Tin Plaza in the evening
The Heritage Museum.
The Heritage Museum.

Cycling has been a distinctive feature in Sha Tin and is very popular among both local people and visitors. The first cycle track in Sha Tin was opened to public in 1981, running along Tolo Highway to Tai Po, and this remains the territory's most popular cycling venue, drawing many occasional riders at the weekends, as well as dedicated cyclists. To tie in with the development of Ma On Shan, the cycle track was extended to Ma On Shan.

Hiking is also a wonderful activity you could do in your leisure time living in Sha Tin. There are several starting points including Hin Tin Village, Sha Tin Tau Village and Hung Mui Kuk Barbecue Area leading to the track of Lion Rock Mountain hiking route. It would take you 1 hour to 4 hours to complete the track depends on the starting point and ending point you choose.

Local delicacies

A snacks stall in Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery.
A snacks stall in Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery.

Sha Tin is famous for certain local variants of Cantonese food such as ShanSui Tofu (Chinese: 山水豆腐; lit. 'mountain-water beancurd'), barbecued pigeon and chicken congee. The cooked food stalls in Wo Che Estate and Fo Tan are hotspots for food.

Transportation

Roads leading to the Shui Chuen O outskirts.
Roads leading to the Shui Chuen O outskirts.
Sha Tin station

There are numerous transportation links both within the Sha Tin District and connecting it to other places in Hong Kong.

Roads

The road network in Sha Tin is well developed to provide efficient cross-town and local access traffic. Connection between Sha Tin and Kowloon mainly relies on the Lion Rock Tunnel, Tate's Cairn Tunnel, Shing Mun Tunnel and Tai Po Road which makes it easy to reach from many areas of Kowloon as well as from Tsuen Wan.

At present, there are over 110 routes of public bus serving Sha Tin.[citation needed]

Railway

Architecture

While having been mass developed in the 1970s, Shatin's architecture maintains a degree of diversity. Most public housing estates were designed in a modern architectural style. Several shopping centres, hotels and government buildings around Shatin Central are clad in red brick.

Shatin's cityscape viewed from northern Fo Tan
Shatin's cityscape viewed from northern Fo Tan
A panorama of Sha Tin City taken from Sha Tin Lion Pavilion
A panorama of Sha Tin City taken from Sha Tin Lion Pavilion

Climate

Climate data for Sha Tin (1985–2016)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
28.6
(83.5)
31.8
(89.2)
31.9
(89.4)
33.8
(92.8)
36.4
(97.5)
37.5
(99.5)
36.8
(98.2)
36.5
(97.7)
33.0
(91.4)
31.8
(89.2)
28.9
(84.0)
37.5
(99.5)
Average high °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
19.6
(67.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
28.8
(83.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.8
(89.2)
31.8
(89.2)
30.9
(87.6)
28.4
(83.1)
24.8
(76.6)
20.9
(69.6)
26.2
(79.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.4
(61.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.5
(72.5)
25.9
(78.6)
27.9
(82.2)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
27.6
(81.7)
25.1
(77.2)
21.3
(70.3)
17.2
(63.0)
22.9
(73.2)
Average low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.8
(56.8)
16.4
(61.5)
20.1
(68.2)
23.6
(74.5)
25.7
(78.3)
26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
25.1
(77.2)
22.5
(72.5)
18.5
(65.3)
14.0
(57.2)
20.4
(68.7)
Record low °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
4.0
(39.2)
4.4
(39.9)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
19.9
(67.8)
21.3
(70.3)
22.1
(71.8)
19.9
(67.8)
14.4
(57.9)
6.3
(43.3)
4.8
(40.6)
2.9
(37.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31.2
(1.23)
36.6
(1.44)
67.1
(2.64)
151.9
(5.98)
302.7
(11.92)
444.8
(17.51)
412.2
(16.23)
418.8
(16.49)
273.2
(10.76)
98.5
(3.88)
46.0
(1.81)
36.2
(1.43)
2,319.2
(91.31)
Average relative humidity (%) 73 77 80 81 82 82 80 81 77 72 71 69 77
Source: Hong Kong Observatory[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Shatin showplace taking shape" (PDF). Hong Kong Standard. 21 February 1983. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. ^ "近百名人到上水示威不滿內地水貨客" Archived 5 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. now.com. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  3. ^ Ma, Mary (10 February 2015). "Parallel lines of concern need fixing"[permanent dead link]. The Standard
  4. ^ Jennifer, Ngo "Milk powder supplies still not meeting needs" Archived 17 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. South China Morning Post. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014
  5. ^ Luk, Eddie (21 September 2012). "Seeing red (white and blue)" Archived 2015-03-11 at archive.today. The Standard
  6. ^ Wong, Hilary; Cheng, Kevin (9 March 2015). "Targeting mainlanders ... young and old" Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine. The Standard
  7. ^ "Hong Kong Protests Against Day Trippers as China Eyes Action". Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  8. ^ a b c "thaiworldview: Sha Tin". Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  9. ^ "Sai Lim Temple". Archived from the original on 13 November 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  10. ^ "International Fellowship North website". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  11. ^ "School List". Hong Kong Education Bureau. 2008. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012.
  12. ^ "Monthly Means of Meteorological Elements for Sha Tin, 1985-2016". Hong Kong Observatory. Archived from the original on 17 March 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2017.

Further reading