Shabwa
Shabwa
Shabwa in modern Yemen

The ancient city of Shabwa (Arabic: شَبْوَة‎, romanizedShabwah; Old South Arabian: 𐩦𐩨𐩥𐩩 S²bwt) was the capital of Hadhramaut at the South Arabian region of the Arabian Peninsula. The ruins of the city are located in the north of modern Shabwah Governorate of the Republic of Yemen.[1] Pliny the Elder and Strabo refer to the city as Sabota, formerly a royal city with multiple local temples.[2][3]

History

Shabwa was first settled in 13th century BC,[4] and was destroyed by the Himyarites at the end of the 3rd century AD.[5]

Ruins

Archaeological map of French excavations in Shabwa
Archaeological map of French excavations in Shabwa

Within the walls of the city are the remains of:[4]

See also

Yemen

References

  1. ^ Eggenberger, David; Myers, Bernard Samuel (1959). Encyclopedia of World Art, Volume 1 (revised ed.). McGraw-Hill. p. ccc.
  2. ^ Strabo's Geography (Strab. 16.4); Pliny's Natural History (Nat. Hist. vi.32)
  3. ^ Retsö, Jan (2003). "When did Yemen become "Arabia felix"?". Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies. Archaeopress. 33: 229. JSTOR 41223765.
  4. ^ a b "Shabwa Governorate". Yemen Tourism Promotion Board. Retrieved 27 September 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Piepenburg, Fritz; Sharikah al-Yamanīyah lil-Siyāḥah (1983). Traveller's Guide to Yemen. Yemen Tourist Company. p. 78. Retrieved 27 September 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Coordinates: 15°22′08″N 47°01′25″E / 15.3689°N 47.0236°E / 15.3689; 47.0236