Shaft
Soundtrack album by
ReleasedJuly 1971
Recorded1971
StudioStax Recording Studios, Memphis, Tennessee
GenreProgressive soul[1]
Length69:29
LabelEnterprise
ENS-2-5002
ProducerIsaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes chronology
...To Be Continued
(1970)
Shaft
(1971)
Black Moses
(1971)
Singles from Shaft
  1. "Theme from Shaft"
    Released: September 30, 1971
  2. "Do Your Thing"
    Released: January 1972

Shaft is a double album by Isaac Hayes, recorded for Stax Records' Enterprise label as the soundtrack LP for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's 1971 blaxploitation film Shaft. The album mostly consists of instrumentals composed by Hayes as score for the film. Three vocal selections are included: "Soulsville", "Do Your Thing", and "Theme from Shaft". A commercial and critical success, Shaft is Hayes' best-known work and the best-selling LP ever released on a Stax label.[2]

In 2014, the album was added to the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."

Conception

Hayes initially became involved with Shaft in hopes of having director Gordon Parks cast him in the title role, because he was not aware that Richard Roundtree had already been cast as John Shaft.[2] Hayes did appear in the film in a cameo role, but, more significantly, composed the film's score. While the film was still in production, Parks sent Hayes raw footage of some of the film's scenes, and Hayes wrote three pieces for the scenes: "Theme from Shaft" for the opening title sequence, "Soulsville" for a scene in which Shaft walks through Harlem, and "Ellie's Love Theme" for a love scene.[2]

Pleased with the results, MGM hired Hayes to compose the rest of the score, and Hayes spent two months working between tour dates on the score at the MGM studio.[2] Once the score was composed and arranged, Hayes recorded the rhythm tracks with Stax band The Bar-Kays in one day.[2] The orchestral tracks were recorded the next day, and the vocals the day after that.[2] The songs were later re-recorded for the album at Stax Studios and slightly rearranged from their film versions: MGM's recording facility was based upon a three-track system, and Hayes wanted a richer sound for the album).[2]

Reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[3]
Christgau's Record GuideC+[4]
Pitchfork Media8.5/10[5]
Q[6]

Upon its release in the summer of 1971, Shaft became the first double album of original studio material released by an R&B artist.[2] The album peaked at number one on The Billboard 200 chart,[7] and spent sixty weeks on the chart. It took the top position on the Top R&B Albums chart for 14 weeks. It achieved Platinum status within a month of its release.[7] Both "Theme from Shaft" and "Do Your Thing" became Top 40 singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, with the former peaking at number one.

At the 1972 Grammy Awards, "Theme from Shaft" won the awards for Best Engineered Recording, Non-Classical and Best Instrumental Arrangement. The film score as a whole won for Best Instrumental Composition Written Specifically For A Motion Picture or for Television. The National Association of Television and Radio Announcers gave Shaft its Album of the Year award.[2] At the Academy Awards that year, Hayes became the first African-American to win an Oscar for a non-acting category when "Theme from Shaft" won the award for Best Original Song.[2] Isaac Hayes was nominated for Original Dramatic Score as well, losing to Michel Legrand for the score to Summer of '42.

In a 2020 retrospective on the Shaft franchise, RetroFan stated that "Hayes' score helped change the way music was used in film, bringing in a more contemporary, funk/soul-driven sound. It had an especially significant impact on the coming wave of black films, setting the standard for how R&B music would be used in films, and marketed alongside of individual movies."[7]

The 2009 re-release of the soundtrack on CD by Stax Records added an additional track, "Theme from Shaft" (2009 Mix), timed at 4:45.

Track listing

All songs written and produced by Isaac Hayes.

Side one

  1. "Theme from Shaft" (Vocal Version) – 4:39
  2. "Bumpy's Lament" – 1:51
  3. "Walk from Regio's" – 2:24
  4. "Ellie's Love Theme" – 3:18
  5. "Shaft's Cab Ride" – 1:10

Side two

  1. "Cafe Regio's" – 6:10
  2. "Early Sunday Morning" – 3:49
  3. "Be Yourself" – 4:30
  4. "A Friend's Place" – 3:24

Side three

  1. "Soulsville" (Vocal Version) – 3:48
  2. "No Name Bar" – 6:11
  3. "Bumpy's Blues" – 4:04
  4. "Shaft Strikes Again" – 3:04

Side four

  1. "Do Your Thing" (Vocal Version) – 19:30
  2. "The End Theme" – 1:56

Personnel

Charts

Billboard charts

Album

Chart Position
Billboard 200 1
Black Albums
Jazz Albums

Singles

Single Chart Position
"Theme from Shaft" Billboard Hot 100 1
Black Singles 2
Adult Contemporary Singles 6

Certifications

Region Certification Certified units/sales
United States (RIAA)[8] Gold 500,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

Awards and nominations

Award Category Nominee(s) Result Ref.
Academy Awards Best Original Dramatic Score Isaac Hayes Nominated [9]
Best Song – Original for the Picture "Theme from Shaft"
Music and Lyrics by Isaac Hayes
Won
British Academy Film Awards Best Original Music Isaac Hayes Nominated [10]
Golden Globe Awards Best Original Score – Motion Picture Won [11]
Best Original Song – Motion Picture "Theme from Shaft"
Music and Lyrics by Isaac Hayes
Nominated
Grammy Awards Album of the Year Shaft – Isaac Hayes Nominated [12]
Record of the Year "Theme from Shaft" – Isaac Hayes Nominated
Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Group "Theme from Shaft" (Instrumental) – Isaac Hayes Nominated
Best Instrumental Arrangement "Theme from Shaft" – Isaac Hayes and Johnny Allen Won
Best Instrumental Composition "Theme from Shaft" – Isaac Hayes Nominated
Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special Shaft – Isaac Hayes Won
Best Engineered Recording – Non-Classical "Theme from Shaft" – Henry Bush, Ron Capone, and Dave Purple Won

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (August 11, 2008). "In Tribute: Isaac Hayes". AllMusic. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Bowman, Rob (1997). Soulsville U.S.A.: The Story of Stax Records. New York: Schirmer Trade. p.229-233 ISBN 0-8256-7284-8
  3. ^ AllMusic review
  4. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: H". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved February 26, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  5. ^ "Isaac Hayes: Shaft OST [Deluxe Edition]". Pitchfork.
  6. ^ CDUniverse review
  7. ^ a b c Walker, David F. (August 2020). "Fifty Years of Shaft". RetroFan (10). United States: TwoMorrows Publishing: 6.
  8. ^ "American album certifications – Isaac Hayes – Shaft". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 19 February 2024.
  9. ^ "The 44th Academy Awards (1972) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  10. ^ "BAFTA Awards: Film in 1972". BAFTA. 1972. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  11. ^ "Shaft – Golden Globes". Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  12. ^ "14th Anuual GRAMMY Awards". Grammy Awards. Retrieved May 1, 2011.