Sham Shui Po
|Sham Shui Po District|
|• District Council chairman||Chum Tak Shing (ADPL)|
|• District Council Vice-chairwoman||Janet Ng|
|• District Officer||Damian Kwok-hung Lee|
|• Total||9.48 km2 (3.66 sq mi)|
|• Density||43,000/km2 (110,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)|
|Largest neighbourhood by population||Sham Shui Po (60,161 – 2016 est)|
|Website||Sham Shui Po District Council|
|Sham Shui Po District|
Sham Shui Po District is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is the poorest district in Hong Kong, with a predominantly working-class population of 405,869 in 2016 and the lowest median household income of all districts. Sham Shui Po has long been home to poorer new immigrants from mainland China. It also saw the birth of public housing in Hong Kong, as the government sought to resettle those displaced by a devastating fire in its slums. Sham Shui Po also hosted a Vietnamese refugee camp during the influx of migration in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.
The district covers the Shek Kip Mei, Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, Lai Chi Kok, Kowloon Tsai, So Uk, Un Chau, Tai Wo Ping and Yau Yat Chuen areas of New Kowloon, and Stonecutters Island of Kowloon.
Sham Shui Po District administers:
Sham Shui Po was already a densely populated district in the 1950s and 1960s. It is poverty-stricken, having the lowest median monthly domestic household income among the 18 districts. It has the highest percentage of elderly people over 65 years. The percentage of new immigrants is also very high. Living conditions of grass-roots families in this district remain a social issue.
Mei Foo Sun Chuen in Lai Chi Kok, built in 1968 - 1978, was Hong Kong's first large-scale private housing estate. It comprises eight phases with a total of 99 blocks.
Main article: List of public housing estates in Hong Kong
There are 18 public housing estates in the Sham Shui Po District, divided into sub-districts:
See also: List of schools in Sham Shui Po District
The main campus of City University of Hong Kong, was located in Tat Chee Avenue, Sham Shui Po District.
There are four railway lines serving Sham Shui Po District:
There are also various bus routes serving the district. Most of them are operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, and some by New World First Bus and Citybus. These three companies also jointly operate some routes, most of these crossing the harbour to the Hong Kong Island.