Shammar Mountains
من عقدة اللي ما يزحزح قناها - panoramio.jpg
The area of 'Uqdah on the outskirts of Ha'il
Native nameجِبَال شَمَّر  (Arabic)
Shammar Mountains is located in Saudi Arabia
Shammar Mountains
Shammar Mountains is located in Middle East
Shammar Mountains
Shammar Mountains is located in Asia
Shammar Mountains
Country Saudi Arabia
Range coordinatesCoordinates: 27°30′N 41°36′E / 27.5°N 41.6°E / 27.5; 41.6

The Shammar Mountains (Arabic: جِبَال شَمَّر, romanizedJibāl Shammar) is a mountain range in the northwestern Saudi Arabian province of Ha'il. It includes the Ajā (أَجَا) and Salma subranges.[1][2]


See also: Geology of Saudi Arabia

Aja landscape
Aja landscape

The Aja Mountains are to an extent made up of granite, whereas the Salma are made up of basalt.[1] The phrase "Hadn formation" was used by Chevremont (1982) to refer to volcanic rocks of the area of Ha'il, and was treated by Hadley and Schmidt (1980) as being part of a silicic and volcaniclastic sequence referred to as the "Shammar group", in a broader, regional context.[3]


The protected area of Jabal Aja is of ecological significance.[4] Two Asiatic cheetahs, the last known in the country, were killed near Ha'il in 1973, and their skins kept near the Imara Palace for a few days.[5]



See also


  1. ^ a b Cavendish, Marshall (2007). World and Its Peoples. Vol. 1. Cavendish Square Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7614-7571-2.
  2. ^ المجاري المائية]، هيئة المساحة الجيوليوجية السعودية - حقائق وأرقام، ص: 65. (PDF) (in Arabic), Saudi Geological Survey, 2012, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-26
  3. ^ a b c Kellogg, Karl S. (1984), Reconnaissance geology of the Qufar Quadrangle, sheet 27/41 D, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (PDF), Denver: United States Geological Survey, pp. 1–33, retrieved 2019-01-06
  4. ^ Llewellyn, O. A.; Hall, M.; Miller, A. G.; Al-Abbasi, T. M.; Al-Wetaid, A. H.; Al-Harbi, R. J.; Al-Shammari, K. F. (2011). "Important Plant Areas in the Arabian Peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja'". Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 68 (2): 199–224. doi:10.1017/S0960428611000059.
  5. ^ Nader, I. A. (1989). "Rare and endangered mammals of Saudi Arabia". In Abu-Zinada, A. H.; Goriup, P. D.; Nader, L. A (eds.). Wildlife conservation and development in Saudi Arabia (PDF). National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development Publishing. Riyadh. p. 228.