Shawwal
Eid al-Fitr prayer, Suleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul - Aug 30, 2011.jpg
Muslims performing the Eid prayer at Suleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey
Native nameشَوَّال  (Arabic)
CalendarIslamic calendar
Month number10
Number of days29-30 (depends on actual observation of the moon's crescent)
Significant daysEid al-Fitr

Shawwal (Arabic: شَوَّال, Šawwāl) is the tenth month of the lunar based Islamic calendar. Shawwāl stems from the verb shāla (شَالَ) which means to 'lift or carry',[1] generally to take or move things from one place to another, so named because a female camel normally would be carrying a fetus at this time of year.

Fasting during Shawwāl

The first day of Shawwāl is Eid al-Fitr, fasting is prohibited. Some Muslims observe six days of optional fasting during Shawwāl beginning the day after Eid ul-Fitr since fasting is prohibited on this day. These six days of fasting together with the Ramadan fasts, are equivalent to fasting all year round. The reasoning behind this tradition is that a good deed in Islam is rewarded 10 times, hence fasting 30 days during Ramadan and 6 days during Shawwāl is equivalent to fasting the whole year in fulfillment of the obligation.[2]

The Shia scholars do not place any emphasis on the six days being consecutive while among the Sunnis the majority of Shafi`i scholars consider it recommended to fast these days consecutively. They based this on a hadith related by Tabarani and others wherein Muhammad is reported to have said, "Fasting six consecutive days after Eid al-Fitr is like fasting the entire year."[1] Other traditional scholarly sources among the Hanafiyya and Hanbaliyya do not place an emphasis on consecutive days, while the strongest opinion of the Malikiyya prefers any six days of the month, consecutively or otherwise.

Timing

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Shawwāl migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Shawwāl, based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia, are:[3]

Shawwāl dates between 2020 and 2025
AH First day (CE/AD) Last day (CE/AD)
1442 13 May 2021 10 June 2021
1443 02 May 2022 30 May 2022
1444 21 April 2023 20 May 2023
1445 10 April 2024 08 May 2024
1446 30 March 2025 28 April 2025

Islamic events

Notes

  1. ^ a b Yaşaroğlu, M.Kâmıl (2010). ŞEVVAL- An article published in 39th volume of Turkish Encyclopedia of Islam (in Turkish). Vol. 39 (Serif Pasa - Tanzanya). Istanbul: TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. p. 34. ISBN 978-97-53-89632-0. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  2. ^ [1] Islam online. Archived February 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia