New Shekel
Other namesNew Sheqel
In UnicodeU+20AA NEW SHEQEL SIGN
Related
See also (Old Israeli shekel)
Category
The two ways of representing shekels. The "₪" symbol on the left and the abbreviation "ש״ח" on the right may be used interchangeably.

The shekel sign⟩ is a currency sign used for the Israeli new shekel, which is the currency of Israel.

Israeli new shekel (1986–present)

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The Israeli new shekel (Hebrew: שקל חדש, romanizedšéqel ħadáš, IPA: [ˈʃekel χaˈdaʃ]), also known by the acronym NIS (Hebrew: ש״ח IPA: [ʃaχ]), was announced officially on 22 September 1985, when the first new shekel banknotes and coins were introduced.[1] It is constructed by combining the two Hebrew letters that constitute the acronym (the first letter of each of the two words, Hebrew being written from right to left): ⟨ש⟩ and ⟨ח⟩. Sometimes the ⟨₪⟩ symbol (Unicode 20AA) is used following the number, other times the acronym Hebrew: ש״ח.

The Israeli toll road symbol bearing the Shekel sign.

The shekel sign, like the dollar sign ⟨$⟩, is usually placed left of the number (i.e. "₪12,000" and not "12,000₪"), but since Hebrew is written from right to left, this means that the symbol is actually written after the number. It is either not separated from the preceding number, or is separated only by a thin space.

According to the Academy of the Hebrew Language recommendation for writing numbers in Hebrew, the sign should be written to the left of the number without a space between them.[2]

Unlike the dollar sign, the new shekel sign is not used that often when handwriting monetary amounts.

The road sign announcing the entrance to an Israeli toll road, such as Highway 6 or the Carmel Tunnels, is a shekel symbol with a road in the background.

Unicode and input

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The symbol has the Unicode code point U+20AA NEW SHEQEL SIGN. It has been in Unicode since June 1993, version 1.1.0.

Under the Unicode bidirectional algorithm, typing the sign after the number will cause it to be displayed to the right of the number in any text directions. This contradicts the recommendation of the Academy of the Hebrew Language to place the sign to the left of the number in the Hebrew caption.

Using the standard Hebrew keyboard (SI 1452), it must be typed as AltGr+A (the letter ש appears on the same key in regular Hebrew mode). The Shekel sign, however, is not engraved on most keyboards sold in Israel and the sign is rarely used in day-to-day typing.

Old Israeli shekel (1980–1985)

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The old Israeli shekel, ⟨⟩, in circulation between 1980 and 1985, had a different symbol, which was officially announced on 18 March 1980.[3] Before the introduction of the old shekel in 1980, there was no special symbol for the Israeli currency. It was a stylized Shin shaped like a cradle (i.e. rounded and opening upward). This symbol appeared on checks issued by Israeli banks between 1980 and 1985.[4] Quoting prices in new shekels started officially on 1 January 1986, and the old shekel checks remaining unused had to be stamped with the new shekel symbol over the old symbol.

See also

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Explanatory notes

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  1. ^ Windows 8 or later

References

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  1. ^ Reshumot - Yalkut Pirsumin (Israeli official gazette, collection of miscellaneous announcements), Collection No. 3254, 14 Tishrei 5746, 29 September 1986, p. 430, ISSN 0334-2980 (in Hebrew).
  2. ^ Section 5: Writing ₪ or $ before or after the number, Writing Numbers page, on the Academy of the Hebrew Language site
  3. ^ Reshumot - Yalkut Pirsumin (Israeli official gazette, collection of miscellaneous announcements), Collection No. 2619, 27 Nisan 5740, 13 April 1980, p. 1423, ISSN 0334-2980 (in Hebrew).
  4. ^ https://rfa.justice.gov.il/SearchPredefinedApi/Documents/mffCJsyXCkc9j5~8JYEGOpm9XUXmAjjzBQU8LqxVdFM= [bare URL]