Shelby County
Former Shelby County courthouse in Shelbyville
Former Shelby County courthouse in Shelbyville
Official seal of Shelby County
Map of Kentucky highlighting Shelby County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°13′N 85°11′W / 38.22°N 85.19°W / 38.22; -85.19
Country United States
State Kentucky
Founded1792
Named forIsaac Shelby
SeatShelbyville
Largest cityShelbyville
Area
 • Total386 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Land380 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Water6.0 sq mi (16 km2)  1.6%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total48,065
 • Estimate 
(2021)
48,461 Increase
 • Density120/sq mi (48/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.shelbycountykentucky.com

Shelby County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2020 census, the population was 48,065.[1] Its county seat is Shelbyville.[2] The county was founded in 1792[3] and named for Isaac Shelby, the first Governor of Kentucky.[4] Shelby County is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Shelby County's motto is "Good Land, Good Living, Good People". The County Judge/Executive is Dan Ison.

History

Shelby County was established in 1792 from land given by Jefferson County.[5]

Founding families

One of the earliest families to settle in Shelby County was that of Daniel Ketcham of Washington County, Maryland. Ketcham, who arrived in 1784, had been a soldier in the American Revolution. He had 9 children. His oldest, John Ketcham, moved to Indiana, become involved in politics, and laid the groundwork for the creation of Indiana University.

Another early settler was Thomas Mitchell, who also moved to Shelby County in 1784. Mitchell was born on December 16, 1777, in Augusta County, Virginia. He married Rebecca Ketcham, daughter of Daniel Ketcham, and settled near the headwaters of South Fork Clear Creek (or Mulberry Creek). Mitchell was commissioned an ensign in the 18th Regiment of Militia and on January 4, 1801, Governor James Garrard became a captain in the 18th Regiment. Mitchell was a minister of the Methodist Church and served in the War of 1812.[6]

Sale of alcohol

Shelby County was historically a prohibition or completely dry county, but the city of Shelbyville is now wet (i.e., allows retail alcohol sales), and the county has voted wet and now allows package sales (7 days a week) and restaurants outside Shelbyville to sell alcoholic beverages by the drink if they seat at least 100 patrons and derive at least 70% of their total sales from food. Today, Shelby County is officially classified by the Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control as a wet county.[7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 386 square miles (1,000 km2), of which 380 square miles (980 km2) is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2) (1.6%) is water.[8] Jeptha Knob at 1,188 feet (362 m) is the highest point in the Louisville area. Guist Creek Lake and Marina offers 325 acres of fishing.[9]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18008,191
181014,87781.6%
182021,04741.5%
183019,030−9.6%
184017,768−6.6%
185017,095−3.8%
186016,433−3.9%
187015,733−4.3%
188016,8136.9%
189016,521−1.7%
190018,34011.0%
191018,041−1.6%
192018,5322.7%
193017,679−4.6%
194017,7590.5%
195017,9120.9%
196018,4933.2%
197018,9992.7%
198023,32822.8%
199024,8246.4%
200033,33734.3%
201042,07426.2%
202048,06514.2%
2021 (est.)48,461[10]0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2020[1]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 33,337 people, 12,104 households, and 9,126 families residing in the county. The population density was 87 per square mile (34/km2). There were 12,857 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.61% White, 8.83% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 2.39% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 4.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,104 households, out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.00.

The age distribution was 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,534, and the median income for a family was $52,764. Males had a median income of $35,484 versus $25,492 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,195. About 6.50% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education

School districts in Shelby County include:[16]

Shelby County Public Schools

Shelby County Public Schools has six elementary schools, two middle schools, and two high schools. James Neihof is the Superintendent of Schools.[17]

Schools located in Shelby County include:

Elementary Schools

Middle Schools

High Schools:

Shelby County Public Library

The Shelby County Public Library, built in 1903, is one of few Carnegie libraries still functioning as a public library in Kentucky. Pamela W. Federspiel is the Executive Director.[18]

Communities

Politics

United States presidential election results for Shelby County, Kentucky[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 15,055 63.93% 8,077 34.30% 418 1.77%
2016 13,196 64.12% 6,276 30.50% 1,108 5.38%
2012 11,790 63.17% 6,634 35.55% 239 1.28%
2008 11,451 61.76% 6,871 37.06% 218 1.18%
2004 10,909 66.87% 5,277 32.35% 127 0.78%
2000 8,068 63.34% 4,435 34.82% 235 1.84%
1996 5,307 49.32% 4,629 43.02% 825 7.67%
1992 4,550 43.56% 4,398 42.11% 1,497 14.33%
1988 4,998 56.34% 3,834 43.22% 39 0.44%
1984 5,390 61.68% 3,326 38.06% 23 0.26%
1980 3,423 42.22% 4,429 54.63% 256 3.16%
1976 2,916 42.59% 3,841 56.10% 90 1.31%
1972 3,893 64.19% 2,074 34.20% 98 1.62%
1968 2,287 37.78% 2,579 42.60% 1,188 19.62%
1964 1,384 21.85% 4,933 77.89% 16 0.25%
1960 2,934 43.43% 3,822 56.57% 0 0.00%
1956 2,768 40.71% 4,017 59.08% 14 0.21%
1952 2,474 37.70% 4,076 62.12% 12 0.18%
1948 1,626 28.14% 3,840 66.46% 312 5.40%
1944 1,997 30.98% 4,415 68.49% 34 0.53%
1940 1,861 27.77% 4,823 71.96% 18 0.27%
1936 1,898 30.05% 4,384 69.40% 35 0.55%
1932 2,108 28.78% 5,180 70.72% 37 0.51%
1928 3,933 54.89% 3,232 45.11% 0 0.00%
1924 2,966 41.60% 4,092 57.39% 72 1.01%
1920 3,402 38.32% 5,446 61.34% 31 0.35%
1916 1,863 38.78% 2,919 60.76% 22 0.46%
1912 1,129 26.58% 2,487 58.55% 632 14.88%


See also

Resources

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ E., Kleber, John; Kentucky, University Press of; Policy, Institute for Regional Analysis and Public; Library, Camden-Carroll; University, Morehead State (April 7, 2018). "The Kentucky Encyclopedia". www.kyenc.org. Retrieved April 7, 2018. ((cite web)): |last3= has generic name (help)
  4. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 37.
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26.
  6. ^ "MITCHELL FAMILY HISTORY in Virginia and Kentucky". Iamonia.tripod.com. July 20, 1904. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  7. ^ "Wet & Dry Counties in Kentucky" (PDF). Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2009. Retrieved March 21, 2007.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  9. ^ Welcome to Shelby County Kentucky, Shelby County Kentucky Website
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Shelby County, KY" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 11, 2022. - Text list - For more detailed boundaries of the independent school districts see: "Appendix B: Maps Of Independent School Districts In Operation In FY 2014-FY 2015 Using 2005 Tax District Boundaries – Eminence ISD" (PDF). Research Report No. 415 – Kentucky's Independent School Districts: A Primer. Frankfort, KY: Office of Education Accountability, Legislative Research Commission. September 15, 2015. p. 106 (PDF p. 120/174). - The Census Bureau map only shows Shelby County Public Schools, but the State of Kentucky document shows Eminence ISD does extend into Shelby County.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 3, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Our Story". Shelby County Public Library.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 7, 2018.

Coordinates: 38°13′N 85°11′W / 38.22°N 85.19°W / 38.22; -85.19