A ram headed bird representing the ba of Ra with shen rings in his grasp. (Louvre Museum)

In ancient Egypt a shen ring was a circle with a line tangent to it, represented in hieroglyphs as a stylised loop of a rope. The word shen itself means, in ancient Egyptian, encircle, while the shen ring represented eternal protection.

In Gardiner's sign list, it is sign V9.

in hieroglyphs
Gardiner: V9

Shen ring use in iconography

Kom Ombo, Goddess Nekhbet's staff with shen ring

The shen ring is most often seen carried by the falcon god Horus, but was also carried by the vulture goddess Nekhbet. It was used as early as the Third Dynasty where it can be seen in the reliefs from Djoser's Step Pyramid complex.[1]

The symbol could be stretched to contain other objects, which were then understood as being eternally protected by the shen ring.[citation needed] In its elongated form the shen ring became the cartouche, which enclosed and protected a royal name.[2]

Outside of Egypt, a Tartessian archaeological site, Cancho Roano in southern Spain, has a shen ring shaped altar.

See also


  1. ^ Kemp, B. 2007. Ancient Egypt. Anatomy of a Civilisation. pp106
  2. ^ UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology online: definition cartouche