Sheohar district
Location of Sheohar district in Bihar
Location of Sheohar district in Bihar
Country India
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSheohar
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesSheohar
 • Total443.99 km2 (171.43 sq mi)
 • Total656,246
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
 • Sex ratio890
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
8433xx (Araria)[1]
Major highwaysGorakhpur - Siliguri Expressway, SH-54, NH-227, Ram - Janki Marg, Mehsi - Sheohar Rd, Sheohar - Muzaffarpur Expressway
Average annual precipitation720.4 mm

Sheohar (pronounced Shivahar) is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India. The district headquarters are located at Sheohar, and the district is a part of Tirhut Division. This district was carved out of Sitamarhi district in 1994 due to the extreme efforts of Raghunath Jha, former Union Minister. Eminent Hindi Novelist, Dr. Bhagwati Sharan Mishra was the first District magistrate of Sheohar. Sivas used to have a guest house in the Mehsi town of his time, which is still located in the name of Raja Bazar in East Champaran.The district occupies an area of 443 km2 and has a population of 656,246 (as of 2011). Sheohar is known for its greenery and cleanliness. Cadamba and teak are the principal trees of this district. Nilgai or blue bull is the regional animal of this area.

Its name is derived from two words, Shiva(शिव) and Har(हर), these both are names of Lord Shiva, it is named so due to the large number of temples in the city. Agriculture is the mainstay. It is one of the most flood-affected districts in Bihar, due to over flooding of the Bagmati and Budhi Gandak rivers. Devkuli is a holy place popular for ancient temple of Lord Shiva. As of 2011 it is the second least populous district of Bihar (out of 39), after Sheikhpura.[2]


Sheohar district occupies an area of 443 square kilometres (171 sq mi). It is bordered by three districts from north and east Sitamarhi, from west East Champaran and from south Muzaffarpur.[3] Belwa Ghat (a panchayat) is sharing bordered by west East Champaran, from where devotees take jal for offer jal at Areraj temple from Bagmati river. Belwa Ghat and Indarwa Khurd is most flooded area of Sheohar District.


This section is transcluded from 17th Bihar Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Sheohar 22 Sheohar Chetan Anand RJD MGB


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sheohar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]


The district comprises only one sub-division, namely, Sheohar, which is further divided into five blocks: Sheohar, Tariyani, Piprahi, Dumri-katsari, Purnahiya.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Sheohar District (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to the 2011 census Sheohar district has a population of 656,246,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Montenegro[7] or the US state of Vermont.[8] This gives it a ranking of 511th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,882 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,870/sq mi). Rampur Kesho is a village known for its highest illiteracy rate.[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.32%.[2] Sheohar has a sex ratio of 890 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 72%. 4.29% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 14.73% and 0.05% of the population respectively.[2]

Languages of Sheohar district (2011)[9]

  Other 'Hindi' (68.70%)
  Hindi (22.97%)
  Urdu (7.78%)
  Others (0.55%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 22.97% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 7.78% Urdu as their first language. 68.70% of the population recorded their first language as a dialect classified as Other Hindi on the census.[9] The main language of the region is Bajjika, variously regarded as dialect of Maithili.



  1. ^ Sheohar
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Sheohar" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. ((cite book)): |last1= has generic name (help)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Bihar" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Bihar". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Montenegro 661,807 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Bihar". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.