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Coordinates: 35°39′59″N 139°45′31″E / 35.666301°N 139.758679°E / 35.666301; 139.758679

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G08 A10 U01
Shimbashi Station

新橋駅
JR Shimbashi Station (2019-05-04) 02.jpg
East side of JR Shimbashi Station West Exit
General information
LocationMinato, Tokyo
Japan
Operated by
Line(s)
History
Opened16 December 1909
Previous namesKarasumori (until 1914)
Passengers
JR East, FY2013254,945 daily
Services
Preceding station
JR logo (east).svg
JR East
Following station
Hamamatsuchō
HMCJY28
next clockwise
Yamanote Line Yūrakuchō
JY30
next counter-clockwise
Hamamatsuchō
HMCJK23
towards Yokohama
Keihin–Tōhoku Line
Local
Yūrakuchō
JK25
towards Ōmiya
Shinagawa
One-way operation
Shōnan Tokyo
TYOJT01
Terminus
Shinagawa
SGWJT03
towards Odawara
Tōkaidō Line
Rapid Acty
Tokyo
TYOJT01
Terminus
Shinagawa
SGWJT03
towards Atami
Tōkaidō Line
Local
Shinagawa
SGWJT03
Terminus
Jōban Line
  Special Rapid
Tokyo
TYOJT01
towards Sendai
Jōban Line
Local-Futsuu
Jōban Line
Rapid
Tokyo
TYOJT01
towards Toride
Shinagawa
SGWJO17
towards Kurihama
Yokosuka Line Tokyo
TYOJO19
Terminus
Preceding station Tokyo Metro logo.svg Tokyo Metro Following station
Toranomon
G07
towards Shibuya
Ginza Line Ginza
G09
towards Asakusa
Preceding station PrefSymbol-Tokyo.svg Toei Subway Following station
Daimon
A09
towards Sengakuji
Asakusa Line
Airport Limited Express
Nihombashi
A13
towards Oshiage
Daimon
A09
towards Nishi-magome
Asakusa Line Higashi-ginza
A11
towards Oshiage
Preceding station Yurikamome line symbol.svg Yurikamome Following station
Terminus New Transit Yurikamome Shiodome
U02
towards Toyosu
Location
Shimbashi Station is located in Special wards of Tokyo
Shimbashi Station
Shimbashi Station
Location within Special wards of Tokyo
Shimbashi Station is located in Japan
Shimbashi Station
Shimbashi Station
Shimbashi Station (Japan)

Shimbashi Station (新橋駅, Shinbashi-eki) is a major interchange railway station in Tokyo's Minato Ward, located centrally and a 10-minute walk from the Ginza shopping district, directly south of Tokyo station.

Station layout

JR East

The JR East station consists of three surface platforms serving the Tōkaidō, Yamanote, and Keihin-Tōhoku lines, and an underground platform serving the Yokosuka Line.

Surface platforms

1 JT Tōkaidō Main Line for Yokohama, Odawara, and Atami
2 JU Ueno-Tokyo Line for Ueno
(via JU Utsunomiya Line) for Omiya, Utsunomiya
(via JU Takasaki Line) for Takasaki
(via JJ Jōban Line) for Toride, Mito
3 JK Keihin-Tōhoku Line for Shinagawa, Yokohama, and Ofuna
4 JY Yamanote Line for Shinagawa, Shibuya, and Shinjuku
5 JY Yamanote Line for Tokyo, Ueno, and Ikebukuro
6 JK Keihin-Tōhoku Line for Tokyo, Ueno, and Ōmiya

Underground platform

1 JO Yokosuka Line for Yokohama, Ofuna, and Kurihama
2 JO Yokosuka Line for Tokyo, Funabashi, and Chiba

Tokyo Metro

Tokyo Metro operates in an underground station with two side platforms serving the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line.

1 G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line for Akasaka-Mitsuke and Shibuya
2 G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line for Ginza, Ueno, and Asakusa

Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei)

Toei operates in an underground station with two side platforms serving the Toei Asakusa Line.

1 A Toei Asakusa Line for Sengakuji and Nishi-Magome
KK Keikyu Main Line for Haneda Airport and Misakiguchi
2 A Toei Asakusa Line for Nihombashi, Oshiage
KS Keisei Line lines for Keisei-Takasago, Keisei-Tsudanuma and Narita Airport
HS Hokuso Railway for Imba-Nihon-Idai
KS Narita Sky Access Line for Narita Airport
SR Shibayama Railway Line for Shibayama-Chiyoda

Yurikamome

The terminus for the Yurikamome is an elevated station next to the JR station.

1/2
Yurikamome line symbol.svg
 Yurikamome
for Daiba, Tokyo Big Sight, Shijō-mae and Toyosu

History

Shimbashi Station, early 20th century
Shimbashi Station, early 20th century

Shimbashi is the original terminus of Japan's first stretch of railway, the Tōkaidō Main Line, and is one of Japan's oldest stations (the oldest station being Shinagawa, a few kilometres down the line). The original Shimbashi Station, opened on October 10, 1872, was built some way to the east of the modern-day structure and was known as Shimbashi Teishajō (新橋停車場).

The present-day structure opened on 16 December 1909 as Karasumori Station (烏森駅) on the Yamanote Line.[1] With the extension of the Tōkaidō Main Line along its modern-day route to the new terminus at Tokyo Station in 1914, the original station was demolished to make way for a freight yard, Shiodome Station (汐留駅), and Karasumori Station was renamed Shimbashi Station.

Japan's first subway line, operated by the Tokyo Underground Railroad Company, was extended to Shimbashi in 1934. In January 1939, the Tokyo Rapid Railway Company built a second subway station at Shimbashi for its line from Shibuya. After several months, the lines were merged to allow through service, and the TRR station was closed. In 1941 the two companies merged forming today's Tokyo Metro Ginza Line. The Ginza Line operated from a single platform until 1980, when a second parallel platform was opened to relieve congestion.

The Toei Asakusa Line began service to Shimbashi in 1968, and the elevated Yurikamome station opened in 1995.

Shiodome Station closed in 1986. The site was declared a national monument in 1996 and the area was archeologically investigated while being redeveloped as a commercial district ("Shiosite") with a number of large office blocks. In 2003 a reconstruction of the original Shimbashi Station building and part of the platforms was completed. It currently houses a railway history exhibit and a restaurant.

The station facilities of the Ginza Line were inherited by Tokyo Metro after the privatization of the Teito Rapid Transit Authority (TRTA) in 2004.[2]

PASMO smart card coverage at this station began operation on 18 March 2007.[3]

Passenger statistics

In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by an average of 254,945 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the seventh busiest station operated by JR East.[4]

The JR East passenger figures for previous years are as shown below.

Fiscal year Daily average
2000 230,393[5]
2005 236,116[6]
2010 244,916[7]
2011 243,890[8]
2012 250,682[9]
2013 254,945[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ 日本国有鉄道停車場一覧 [JNR Station Directory]. Japan: Japanese National Railways. 1985. p. 19. ISBN 4-533-00503-9.
  2. ^ "「営団地下鉄」から「東京メトロ」へ" [From "Teito Rapid Transit Authority" to "Tokyo Metro"]. Tokyo Metro Online. 2006-07-08. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  3. ^ "PASMOは 3月18日(日)サービスを開始します" [PASMO - The service will start on Sunday, March 18th.] (PDF) (in Japanese). 21 December 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b 各駅の乗車人員 (2013年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2013)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  5. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2000年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  6. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2005年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  7. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  8. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2011年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  9. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2012年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 31 August 2014.