Siberian Turkic
Northeastern Turkic
Linguistic classificationTurkic
Early form
  • North
  • South
Glottolognort2688  (North)
sout2693  (South)
west2402  (West Yugur)
  Yakut   Dolgan   Khakas   Chulym   Shor   Altai   Tuvan   Tofa   W. Yugur   Fuyu K.

The Siberian Turkic or Northeastern Common Turkic languages, are a sub-branch of the Turkic language family. The following table is based upon the classification scheme presented by Lars Johanson (1998).[1] All languages of the branch combined have approximately 750,000–1 million native and second language speakers, with most widely spoken members being Yakut (c. 500,000 speakers), Tuvan (c. 250,000 speakers) and Northern Altai (c. 57,000 speakers). Despite their usual English name, two major Turkic languages spoken in Siberia, Siberian Tatar and Southern Altai, are not classified as Siberian Turkic, but are rather part of the Kipchak subgroup.


Proto-Turkic Common Turkic Northeastern Common Turkic (Siberian) North Siberian
South Siberian Sayan Turkic
Yenisei Turkic
Chulym Turkic
Old Turkic

Alexander Vovin (2017) notes that Tofa and other Siberian Turkic languages, especially Sayan Turkic, have Yeniseian loanwords.[11]


  1. ^ Lars Johanson (1998) "The History of Turkic". In Lars Johanson & Éva Ágnes Csató (eds) The Turkic Languages. London, New York: Routledge, 81–125. Classification of Turkic languages at
  2. ^ Rassadin, V.I. "The Soyot Language". Endangered Languages of Indigenous Peoples of Siberia. UNESCO. Retrieved 2021-07-18.
  3. ^ "Kumandin". ELP Endangered Languages Project. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
  4. ^ Bitkeeva, A.N. "The Kumandin Language". Endangered Languages of Indigenous Peoples of Siberia. UNESCO. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  5. ^ "Northern Altai". ELP Endangered Languages Project. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  6. ^ Deviating. Probably of South Siberian origin (Johanson 1998)
  7. ^ Coene 2009, p. 75
  8. ^ Coene 2009, p. 75
  9. ^ Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Contributors: Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie (revised ed.). Elsevier. 2010. p. 1109. ISBN 978-0080877754. Retrieved 24 April 2014.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  10. ^ Johanson, Lars, ed. (1998). The Mainz Meeting: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Turkish Linguistics, August 3-6, 1994. Turcologica Series. Contributor: Éva Ágnes Csató. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 28. ISBN 3447038640. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  11. ^ Vovin, Alexander. 2017. "Some Tofalar Etymologies." In Essays in the history of languages and linguistics: dedicated to Marek Stachowski on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Krakow: Księgarnia Akademicka.