Sidhi district
Chandreh temple
Chandreh temple
Location of Sidhi district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Sidhi district in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates (Sidhi): 24°25′N 81°53′E / 24.42°N 81.88°E / 24.42; 81.88
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionRewa
HeadquartersSidhi
Tehsils7
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSidhi
Area
 • Total4,851 km2 (1,873 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,127,033
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
 • Urban
93,121
Demographics
 • Literacy66.09per cent
 • Sex ratio952
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-75
Average annual precipitationnormal mm
Websitesidhi.nic.in

Sidhi District is one of the tribal districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India. The town of Sidhi is the district headquarters. The district is part of Rewa Division.

History

Sidhi is a part of Madhya Pradesh. It forms the northeastern boundary of the state. Sidhi is known for its natural environment, historical importance and cultural roots.[citation needed] Sidhi has a number of natural resources with the river Son draining the district, and with coal deposits which feed major industries across the country.

This is the birthplace of Birbal. Located in the area is the Sanjay Tiger Reserve or Sanjay National Park which tells the magnificence of the Lions here. There is also a park - Parasli.[citation needed]

Divisions

Sidhi district comprises seven tehsils:

  1. Bahari,
  2. Churhat,
  3. Gopad Banas,
  4. Rampur Naikin,
  5. Majhauli,
  6. Kusmi
  7. Sihawal.

There are four Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district, namely,

  1. Churhat,
  2. Sidhi,
  3. Sihawal
  4. Dhauhani,

all of which are part of Sidhi Lok Sabha constituency.

Economy

The Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station supplies electricity over a wide area. On one side the spectrum of its floristic socio-cultural diversity and ethnic history of tribal, the district has a panoramic view of the Kaimur, Kehejua and Ranimunda hills blazing with flowers of flame of forest and intoxicated by the sweet smell of mahua flowers. The whole of Sidhi district was part of Rewa state.The economy of this area mainly based on agriculture and allied activities.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Chamba one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Rulers of Sidhi

In the 1800s, there were three separate rulers of Sidhi, ruling three parts of the territory:

After these came the Rajput Baghelas came from Kasauta, Rewa. They immigrated to Sidhi in the early 19th century. They ruled the western Sidhi territory (Churhat/Rampur) from then on till India gained independence. The last ruler of Churhat was Rao RanBahadur Singhji- elder brother of Arjun Singh.

Ambikehs Pratap Singh (Chhote Sarkar odani) younger brother of raja Tryambkesh Pratap Singh Bardi khatai he is a senior leader of the Madhyapradesh congress

Raja Kant Deo Singh of Bardi Khatai continues to live in the ancestral Haveli located on the banks of the river Sone. He is an active member of the Bharatiya Janata Party

Geography

Sidhi district is located on the Northeastern Boundary of the state between 22,475 and 24.4210 North Latitude and 81:1840 and 824830 East longitude. The district has Singrauli district in the north-east, and Uttar Pradesh Koriya district of Chhattisgarh on the east, and Rewa district on the west.

Sidhi District has a total population of 18,31,152 sharing almost 3.03% of the total population of erstwhile state of Madhya Pradesh in 2001.

Transportation

In town public facilities are easily available like auto rickshaw, bus, taxi there is no online public transport services are available since 2023 . The district currently didn't have its own railway station. The nearest railway is Rewa railway station or Joba railway station . Online couriers service are available. One runway is also present at pathar Village in Sidhi district (13km far).

Air

Closest airport to Sidhi is in Allahabad which is 147 kilometers (91 miles).

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901180,233—    
1911209,968+1.54%
1921180,804−1.48%
1931207,401+1.38%
1941243,103+1.60%
1951266,111+0.91%
1961332,774+2.26%
1971440,669+2.85%
1981532,098+1.90%
1991709,436+2.92%
2001910,983+2.53%
20111,127,033+2.15%
source:[2]
Religions in Sidhi district (2011)[3]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
95.61%
Islam
3.05%
Other (tribal)
1.11%
Other or not stated
0.23%

According to the 2011 census, Sidhi District has a population of 1,127,033,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[5] or the US state of Rhode Island.[6] This gives it a ranking of 411th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 232 inhabitants per square kilometre (600/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.66%.[4] Sidhi has a sex ratio of 952 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 66.09%. 8.26% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Tribes made up 11.55% and 27.80% of the population respectively.[4]

Languages

Languages of Sidhi district (2011)[7]

  Hindi (63.39%)
  Bagheli (35.65%)
  Others (0.96%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 63.39% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 35.65% Bagheli and 0.79% Gondi as their first language.[7]

Education

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In 1980, at the time when Arjun Singh was the chief minister of Madhya Pradesh, a committee was formed to find out more about the educational system in Sidhi district. It was tasked to find out which was the first school in Sidhi district, and also, who was the first graduate.

It was popularly thought that Rajasahab Madhwas was the first graduate from Sidhi. The survey further revealed that Shri Divakar Bahadur Singh, village Jhalwar (Churhat), was the first graduate from Allahabad University. He had done his BA in 1924 and had proceeded to do his LLB also from Allahabd University in 1926. Thereafter he had come back to practice and settle in Jhalwar (Churaht) in Sidhi district. His successors are still present in Jhalwar. Among them, Batuk Pratap Singh (Jhalwar) is the source of information regarding the history events in the district.

It was also found that the first school in Sidhi was in Bardi. This school had started around 100 years before the survey, i.e. around the year 1880.

Tehsils of Sidhi

  1. Churhat
  2. Gopadbanas
  3. Kusmi
  4. Majhauli
  5. Rampur Naikin
  6. Sihawal

Notable people

Tourist places

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  2. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  3. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Madhya Pradesh". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Sidhi" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Rhode Island 1,052,567
  7. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Madhya Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.