Siebe Gorman & Company Ltd
FounderAugustus Siebe
DefunctApril 9, 2019 (2019-04-09)
SuccessorAir Master Technology Limited
Headquarters
United Kingdom

Siebe Gorman & Company Ltd was a British company that developed diving equipment and breathing equipment and worked on commercial diving and marine salvage projects. The company advertised itself as 'Submarine Engineers'. It was founded by Augustus Siebe , a German-born British engineer chiefly known for his contributions to diving equipment.[1]

Siebe plc started in the 1970s as a continuation of Siebe Gorman when Siebe Gorman started to take over other firms, to mean the new conglomerate to distinguish it from Siebe Gorman's original breathing apparatus and diving gear core business. Siebe plc was once one of the United Kingdom's largest engineering businesses. It was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index but in 1999 it merged with BTR plc to form Invensys. Invensys was taken over by the French multinational Schneider Electric for £3.4 billion in January 2014.

History

See also: Timeline of diving technology

Start of involvement in making diving equipment

Siebe's design, as refined by 1873.
Siebe's design, as refined by 1873.

20th century

A Siebe Gorman gas mask (without an exhaust valve) exported in large numbers to Egypt
A Siebe Gorman gas mask (without an exhaust valve) exported in large numbers to Egypt

WWII

After WWII

21st century

Operations

The Company was notable for developing the "closed" diving helmet of the standard diving dress and associated equipment. As the helmet was sealed to the diving suit, it was watertight, unlike the previous "open" helmet systems. The new equipment was safer and more efficient and revolutionised underwater work from the 1830s.

Colonel Charles Pasley, leader of the Royal Navy team that used Siebe's suit on the wreck of HMS Royal George suggested the helmet should be detachable from the corselet, giving rise to the typical standard diving dress which revolutionised underwater civil engineering, underwater salvage, commercial diving and naval diving.[1]

Standard diving suit equipment was their main manufacturing operation, producing diving helmets in copper and brass. They also made frogman's equipment for the British armed forces during World War 2, and later, sport scuba gear. See makes of rebreather.

Siebe Gorman and Co manufactured 12 bolt, 8 bolt, 6 bolt, 3 bolt, 2 bolt, no bolt, flange, and 12 bolt square corselet standard diving helmets.

Heinke Ltd in London also made diving gear and had connections with Siebe Gorman.[41]

Siebe Gorman product list

Rebreather equipment

This is a partial list of some of their rebreather equipment covering military and civilian, diving and non-diving. Taken from Oxygen Rebreather Database, and afterwards edited.

Other items

References

  1. ^ a b c d Acott, C. (1999). "JS Haldane, JBS Haldane, L Hill, and A Siebe: A brief resume of their lives". South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society Journal. 29 (3). ISSN 0813-1988. OCLC 16986801. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2008-07-13.
  2. ^ a b pages 16 etseq, The International History of Diving History vol 4 no. 1, publ. Historical Diving Society
  3. ^ a b Invensys: About us
  4. ^ http://www.duplexdrivetanks.co.uk[bare URL]
  5. ^ "THE DD AMPHIBIOUS TANK: SHERMAN III DD MK II [Main Title]".
  6. ^ Siebe, Gorman & Co. Ltd.: "'Essjee' Aqualungs (Cousteau-Gagnan Patents)", Neptune Vol. 1 No. 1 (September 1954), p. 13.
  7. ^ Lillywhites Ltd. Underwater Catalogue 1955, London: Lillywhites Ltd., p. 1.
  8. ^ Cogswell & Harrison Ltd. Neptune Vol. 1 No. 1 (August 1955) (New series), p. 31.
  9. ^ Lillywhites Ltd. Underwater Catalogue 1956, London: Lillywhites Ltd., p. 1.
  10. ^ Cogswell & Harrison Ltd.: Catalogue of Underwater Swimming, Exploration and Fishing 1956, London: Cogswell & Harrison Ltd., p. 7-8, 11-14.
  11. ^ Siebe, Gorman & Company: The Essgee "Mistral" Aqualung and ancillary underwater swimming equipment, Chessington, Surrey: Siebe, Gorman & Company, 1957, p. 1.
  12. ^ Lillywhites Ltd. Underwater Catalogue 1957, London: Lillywhites Ltd., p. 1, 3-4.
  13. ^ Siebe, Gorman & Co. Ltd.: "For SAFETY, FREEDOM and COMFORT underwater", Triton Vol. 2 No. 1, January/February 1957, p. 21.
  14. ^ Siebe, Gorman & Co. Ltd.: "Siebe, Gorman go spearfishing", Triton Vol. 4 No. 6, November/December 1959, p. 1.
  15. ^ Siebe, Gorman & Co. Ltd.: "Siebe, Gorman announce a new range of ESSGEE wet 'mid-season' suits in foam neoprene", Triton Vol. 5 No. 3, May/June 1960, p. 3.
  16. ^ Thurston, Susan (2004). "The first Broome recompression chamber 1914–2004". Spums J. 34 (2): 94–100. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
  17. ^ Siebe-Heinke: "The Heinke Merlin Demand Valve", Royal Navy Diving Magazine Vol. 8 No. 3, Inside cover.
  18. ^ Siebe, Gorman and Company Limited: "Now it's SIEBE HEINKE. Two great names combine to make aqualung equipment better, safer and more comfortable", Triton Vol. 7 No. 1, January/February 1962, p. 16.
  19. ^ Siebe Heinke: "More comfort and freedom of movement underwater in the new seamless Siebe, Heinke 'dip suit'", Triton Vol. 7 No. 3, May/June 1962, p. 14
  20. ^ Siebe-Heinke Dip Suit
  21. ^ Lillywhites Ltd. Underwater Catalogue 1962, London: Lillywhites Ltd., p. 8. Lillywhites Ltd. Underwater Catalogue 1963, London: Lillywhites Ltd., p. 2. Lillywhites Ltd. Underwater Catalogue 1964, London: Lillywhites Ltd., p. 2.
  22. ^ Siebe Gorman & Co. Ltd.: "Siebe Gorman wish to announce", Triton Vol. 8 No. 1, p. 36.
  23. ^ Collins and Chambers Limited: Aqualung equipment and allied products, London: Collins and Chambers. Retrieved on 20 June 2019.
  24. ^ Siebe-Heinke: Blue Book of underwater swimming 1963, Chessington, Surrey: Siebe, Gorman & Co. Ltd, 1963. Retrieved on 20 June 2019.
  25. ^ Siebe Heinke: "The first all-British two-stage mouth-held aqualung demand valve", Triton Vol. 8 No. 3, May/June 1963, p. 20.
  26. ^ Siebe-Heinke: Blue Book of underwater swimming 1964-65, Chessington, Surrey: Siebe, Gorman & Co. Ltd, 1964
  27. ^ Siebe Gorman: 1 Aqualung equipment
  28. ^ Siebe Gorman: 2 Aqualung equipment
  29. ^ Siebe Gorman & Co. Ltd.: ".007. This small percentage of the credit for THUNDERBALL must go to SIEBE GORMAN", Triton Vol. 10 No. 5, September/October 1965, p. 9.
  30. ^ Triton: "Undersea operation - Siebe style", Triton Vol. 11 No. 3, June/July 1966, p. 98-99.
  31. ^ Siebe Gorman (1969) Diving Equipment Catalogue. Retrieved on 17 June 2019 from Vintage Double Hose / VDH Worldwide Manuals and Catalogs Repository.
  32. ^ Siebe Gorman: "Be in the swim with NEPTUNE. The new two-stage diving regulator from Siebe Gorman", Triton Vol. 16 No. 2 (March/April 1971), p. 66.
  33. ^ Blu Time History: Siebe Gorman Neptune. Retrieved on 17 June 2019.
  34. ^ Siebe Gorman: Neptune instruction and maintenance manual. Retrieved on 17 June 2019 from Vintage Double Hose / VDH Worldwide Manuals and Catalogs Repository.
  35. ^ Addleshaw Goddard (2004). "Siebe Gorman "is wrong"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 27, 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-14. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  36. ^ "Spectrum Plus – Siebe Gorman & Co. Ltd – Barclays Bank – Agnew Vs. Commissioner of Inland Revenue – Re Brumark". law-now. 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  37. ^ Siebe confirms sale of North Safety Products business Auto Channel, 6 October 1998
  38. ^ "Siebe Gorman – About us". Archived from the original on 20 January 2011.
  39. ^ "Siebe Gorman – About us". Archived from the original on 25 May 2015.
  40. ^ SIEBE GORMAN & COMPANY LIMITED. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  41. ^ "Charles Edwin Heinke". 2007. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  42. ^ "Photos Stelox Rebreather". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  43. ^ "Photos Siebe Gorman Novus". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  44. ^ "Photos Amphibian Mark I". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  45. ^ "Photos ATEA". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  46. ^ "Photos Universal Rebreather". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  47. ^ "Photos DSEA". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  48. ^ "Photos FireOX". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  49. ^ "Photos Fleuss and Davis until 1905". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  50. ^ "Photos Individual Scrubber". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  51. ^ "Photos Minox". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  52. ^ "Photos mine recovery suit". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  53. ^ "Photos Oxylithe". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  54. ^ "Photos P-Party Dutch Configuration". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  55. ^ a b Quick, D. (1970). "A History Of Closed Circuit Oxygen Underwater Breathing Apparatus". Royal Australian Navy, School of Underwater Medicine. RANSUM-1-70. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-04-25.
  56. ^ a b "Photos Proto". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  57. ^ "Photos Savox". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  58. ^ "Photos Sladen Suit". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  59. ^ "Photos Salvus". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  60. ^ "Photos Watchkeepersuit". therebreathersite.nl. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  61. ^ "Crudesco's gasmask". Crudesco Sdn Bhd. Archived from the original on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  62. ^ Bayliss, L E; Kerridge, Phyllis M Tookey (January 1935). "Recent developments in physical instruments for biological purposes". Journal of Scientific Instruments. XII (1): 4–5. Bibcode:1935JScI...12....1B. doi:10.1088/0950-7671/12/1/301. Retrieved 14 October 2016.