This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (September 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Siege of Lovech
Part of the Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars

Lovech Fortress Plan.
DateSpring 1187
Location
Result Bulgarian victory
Belligerents
Bulgarian Empire
Byzantine Empire
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Isaac II Angelos

The Siege of Lovech (Bulgarian: Обсада на Ловеч, Obsada na Lovech) took place in the spring of 1187 between the forces of Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire.

Origins of the conflict

In 1185, the brothers Asen and Peter led an uprising against the Byzantines to restore the Bulgarian Empire. The whole region of Moesia except for Varna was quickly liberated and the brothers started attacking the Byzantine garrisons to the south of the Balkan mountains. The Bulgarian tactics included quick assaults and haste movement and the Byzantines were unable to charge them.

In order to change that situation, the Byzantine Emperor, Isaac II Angelos, decided to move the military actions to northern Bulgaria and strike directly to the rebel's heartlands around Tarnovo.

The siege

In the late autumn of 1186, the Byzantine army marched northwards through Sredets (Sofia). The campaign was planned to surprise the Bulgarians. However, the harsh weather conditions and the early winter postponed the Byzantines and their army had to stay in Sredets during the whole winter.

In the spring of the following year, the campaign was resumed, but the element of surprise was gone and the Bulgarians had taken measures to bar the way to their capital Tarnovo. Instead the Byzantines besieged the strong fortress of Lovech. The siege lasted for three months and was a complete failure. Their only success was the capture of Asen's wife, but Isaac was forced to accept a truce thus de facto recognizing the restoration of the Bulgarian Empire.

Aftermath

According to the treaty, the youngest of the Asen brothers, Kaloyan, was sent as a hostage to Constantinople to guarantee the peace. However, Niketas Choniates noted that the situation became even more grim for the Byzantines because soon after the Bulgarians in Macedonia rebelled under Dobromir Chrysos.

The peace lasted until 1189 when, due to the Bulgarian proposal to support the Third Crusade against the Byzantines, Isaac Angelos launched another campaign and suffered a heavy defeat in the Battle of Tryavna.

Sources

Coordinates: 43°07′40″N 24°42′57″E / 43.12778°N 24.71583°E / 43.12778; 24.71583