Sign in with Apple
TypeSingle sign-on provider
Launch dateSeptember 19, 2019
Platform(s)iOS, Android, Web (JavaScript)
StatusActive
Websitedeveloper.apple.com/sign-in-with-apple/

Sign in with Apple is a single sign-on provider operated by Apple Inc., introduced on June 3, 2019 at Apple's 2019 Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) in iOS 13.[1]

It is designed to allow users to create accounts for third-party services with a minimal amount of personal information (as opposed to login services offered by social networking service platforms such as Facebook, where such features may also grant the third-party service access to personal information tied to their account), only requiring the user to provide a name and email address.

Users can opt for the email address associated with their Apple ID or choose the "Hide My Email" option to generate a disposable email address specific to the service; these addresses end in the privaterelay.appleid.com domain.[2] Messages sent via a disposable (or relay) email address are automatically forwarded to a verified email address of the user's choice, and this function can also be disabled if needed.[3][4] The service is compatible[5] with the OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect standards, and integrates with Face ID and Touch ID on iOS, iPadOS, and macOS.[6]

Usage in software development

On September 12, 2019, Apple updated the App Store Review Guidelines to stipulate that developers whose apps use at least one third-party login service must implement Sign in with Apple, with exceptions for apps that function exclusively as a client for a specific service (such as the Twitter app), that use a login service backed by a citizen identification system, or that are developed to work exclusively with a company's first-party login service.[7] Apple's human interface guidelines require Sign in with Apple buttons to be no less prominent than other sign-in services, and to appear "above the fold" without the user having to scroll.[8]

For use outside of iOS apps, Apple also offers a JavaScript library to implement Sign in with Apple on Android and the web.[4]

Compliance with the OpenID standard

In October 2019, Apple made the service compliant with the OpenID Connect authentication standard. It had previously not been fully compliant, having for example excluded "Proof Key for Code Exchange" (PKCE)—whose absence exposed users to possible replay attacks and code injection vulnerabilities.[9][5]

References

  1. ^ Brandom, Russell (June 3, 2019). "Apple announces new sign-in tool to compete with Facebook and Google". The Verge. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "Hide My Email for Sign in with Apple". Apple Support. Apple Inc. Archived from the original on April 23, 2020. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  3. ^ "Manage the apps you use with Sign in with Apple". Apple Support. Archived from the original on May 23, 2020. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Perez, Sarah. "Answers to your burning questions about how 'Sign In with Apple' works". TechCrunch. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Wuerthele, Mike. "'Sign in with Apple' better but not perfect, says OpenID Foundation head". AppleInsider. Retrieved May 5, 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "App Makers Are Mixed on 'Sign In With Apple'". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  7. ^ "New Guidelines for Sign in with Apple - News - Apple Developer". developer.apple.com. Apple Inc. Archived from the original on May 23, 2020. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  8. ^ "Buttons - Sign in with Apple - Human Interface Guidelines - Apple Developer". developer.apple.com. Apple Inc. Archived from the original on May 23, 2020. Retrieved April 25, 2022.
  9. ^ Cimpanu, Catalin. "OpenID Foundation says 'Sign In with Apple' is not secure enough". ZDNet. Retrieved May 5, 2020.