Sikar
City
Sikar is located in Rajasthan
Sikar
Sikar
Location in Rajasthan, India
Sikar is located in India
Sikar
Sikar
Sikar (India)
Coordinates: 27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15Coordinates: 27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
DistrictSikar
Government
 • TypeFederal Republic
 • BodyGovernment of Rajasthan
Area
 • Total26.57 km2 (10.26 sq mi)
Elevation
427 m (1,401 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total359,293
 • Rank10th
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • RegionalRajasthani or Shekhawati or Marwari
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
332001
Telephone code91-1572
Vehicle registrationRJ-23
Literacy81.25%(2nd)
Distance from Delhi280 kilometres (170 mi) (land)
Distance from Jaipur114 kilometres (71 mi) (land)
Websitewww.sikar.rajasthan.gov.in

Sikar is a city located midway between Agra and Churu on the National Highway 52 in the state of Rajasthan in India. It is a part of the Shekhawati region (which consists of Sikar, Churu and Jhunjhunu).

It is the administrative headquarters of the Sikar District. Sikar is a historical city and contains many old havelis (large houses with Vernacular architecture ) which were built by the people came to be known as marwaris across the India were actually from shekhawati region comprising communities of Dotasara , Moond and oswal. It is located 115 km away from Jaipur, 320 km from Jodhpur 215 km from Bikaner, and 280 km from Delhi.

History

Sikar had been the biggest Thikana (Estate) of the Jaipur state. Previously Sikar was known as Shekhawati. It was the capital of Thikana Sikar. Sikar is surrounded by the fortified walls consisting of seven "Pols" (gates). These historic gates are named as Bawari gate, Fatehpuri Gate, Nani Gate, Surajpole Gate, Dujod Gate Old, Dujod Gate New and Chandpole Gate. Shekhawat rajputs were ruler of this region.

Geography and climate

Geography

Sikar city is the district headquarters of Rajasthan's Sikar district, which is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan. It is the sixth most populous city of Rajasthan. It is located at27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15.[1] It has an average elevation of 427 meters (1401 feet).

Climate

Climate data for Sikar (1981–2010, extremes 1946–2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
37.4
(99.3)
45.0
(113.0)
45.5
(113.9)
49.0
(120.2)
49.7
(121.5)
44.4
(111.9)
41.1
(106.0)
40.0
(104.0)
41.0
(105.8)
37.8
(100.0)
32.5
(90.5)
49.7
(121.5)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
30.4
(86.7)
36.2
(97.2)
41.9
(107.4)
44.1
(111.4)
44.7
(112.5)
40.4
(104.7)
37.4
(99.3)
37.7
(99.9)
37.4
(99.3)
33.1
(91.6)
28.6
(83.5)
44.9
(112.8)
Average high °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
25.1
(77.2)
30.9
(87.6)
36.8
(98.2)
39.8
(103.6)
40.1
(104.2)
35.4
(95.7)
33.7
(92.7)
34.5
(94.1)
34.0
(93.2)
28.5
(83.3)
23.5
(74.3)
32.1
(89.8)
Average low °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
8.0
(46.4)
13.9
(57.0)
19.5
(67.1)
24.4
(75.9)
26.2
(79.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.4
(75.9)
23.3
(73.9)
17.9
(64.2)
11.0
(51.8)
6.0
(42.8)
17.0
(62.6)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
3.9
(39.0)
9.3
(48.7)
13.9
(57.0)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
20.4
(68.7)
13.6
(56.5)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
1.0
(33.8)
Record low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.3
(34.3)
7.0
(44.6)
10.1
(50.2)
11.9
(53.4)
15.1
(59.2)
16.9
(62.4)
13.1
(55.6)
5.4
(41.7)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.9
(23.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 5.1
(0.20)
7.7
(0.30)
2.8
(0.11)
4.5
(0.18)
17.0
(0.67)
50.7
(2.00)
125.8
(4.95)
95.5
(3.76)
36.1
(1.42)
9.6
(0.38)
1.9
(0.07)
1.8
(0.07)
358.5
(14.11)
Average rainy days 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.6 1.4 2.0 5.3 5.0 2.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 19.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 50 41 36 33 35 39 58 60 52 38 38 42 44
Source: India Meteorological Department[2][3]

Demographics

Religions in Sikar
Religion Percent
Hindus
56.26%
Muslims
42.43%

Sikar City had a population of about 237,579[4] people according to the census of 2011. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Sikar in 2011 is 237,579; of which there are approximately 123,156 males and 114,423 females. The sex ratio of Sikar City is 929 females per 1000 males. Regarding education, total literates in Sikar city are 158,413 of which 91,403 are males while 67,010 are females. The average literacy rate of Sikar City is 77.13, male and female literacy status is 86.29 and 67.37, respectively. The total population of children (0-6) in Sikar City is about 32,189, consisting of 17,236 boys and 14,953 girls. The child sex ratio of girls is 868 per 1000 boys.

Places of interest

Bawdi at Fatehpur
Bawdi at Fatehpur
Harshnath Temple, Sikar, made in 973 AD
Harshnath Temple, Sikar, made in 973 AD
Laxmangarh Fort, Rajasthan, built in 1862 AD
Laxmangarh Fort, Rajasthan, built in 1862 AD

Forts in Sikar District

Administration

Sikar city is governed by a Municipal Council, which comes under the Sikar Urban Agglomeration. The new municipal council building is built in Shekhawati style like a mahal or haveli. Sikar city is divided into 60 wards. Although Sikar city has a population of 237,579 (in 2011), its urban/metropolitan population is 244,563 (in 2011). The Sikar metropolitan area includes Chandrapura (Rural), Radhakrishnpura, Samarthpura, Shivsinghpura and Sikar city. The current Member of Parliament from Sikar is Swami Sumedhanand Saraswati elected in May 2014 and continue in May 2019. The District Magistrate and Collector of Sikar is Mr. Avichal Chaturvedi (2012) and Superintendent of Police is Dr. Gagan Deep Singla (2010).

Modes of transportation

Rail

Sikar Junction railway station comes within the territory of the North Western Railway. Sikar City is connected to Jhunjhunu, Rewari, Delhi, Churu, Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar, Hisar, Jaipur, Kota, Ajmer, Udaipur, Abu Road, Indore, Ahmedabad and Mumbai. And there is a new line proposal since 2010 of Sikar to Nokha via Sujangarh.and Sikar to Neem ka thana via Udaipurwati

Road

Sikar is well connected by roads from all the major cities of Rajasthan and nearby states. A four-lane national highway NH-52 passes through the city. NH-52 connects Sikar with Jaipur and Bikaner. The western freight corridor also pass through Ringas of Sikar, as a main project of the central government. Kotputali Kuchaman Mega Highway also passes through Sikar. Jhunjhunu-Jaipur state highway is also passes through sikar

Air

The nearest airport to Sikar City is Jaipur International Airport, which operates daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Indore, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Guwahati, Kolkata, Udaipur, Dubai, Sharjah, and Muscat. A new airport is proposed at Shahpura (a town in Jaipur district) that is very close to Sikar. A small air strip at Tarpura village is also available for the landing of small private planes against payment.

Education

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Over the past decade, a burgeoning coaching industry has catapulted Sikar into a popular education hub,[5] concurrently stimulating the local economy and augmenting the prominence of this previously obscure town. Thousands of high school students from neighboring areas, and increasingly from far-flung corners, flock every year to enroll in one of the wide array of Sikar's premier coaching institutes, which prepare them for the notoriously competitive engineering and medical entrance examinations that preface the greatly coveted IITs and Medical Colleges.

The city also attracts a substantial number of college undergraduates and post-graduates seeking coaching for the competitive exams that determine their government job prospects. With regards to higher education institutes, Sikar boasts several leading public and private universities offering sciences, arts, and engineering degrees, such as the Shri Kalyan Government College and Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Shekhawati University. Most notably, the government recently established the Sikar Medical College, a varsity part of the distinguished, nationwide public medical college network.

This newfound stature and renown has led the media to dub Sikar as the "Education City of Rajasthan",[6] and colloquially, as the 'Kota of Northen Rajasthan,' owing to Kota's preeminent status as the coaching capital of India.[7]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc a – Sikar". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  2. ^ "Station: Sikar: Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 715–716. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M187. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Census 2011 data – Sikar city". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  5. ^ "'Sikar growing as an education hub' - Times of India". The Times of India.
  6. ^ "Shekhawati region fast emerging as education hub | Jaipur News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  7. ^ Puri, Anjali (31 December 2015). "How Kota became India's capital for educational coaching". Business Standard India.