Silvestre Revueltas in 1930
Silvestre Revueltas in 1930

Silvestre Revueltas Sánchez (December 31, 1899 – October 5, 1940) was a Mexican composer of classical music, a violinist and a conductor.

Life

Silvestre Revueltas
Silvestre Revueltas

Revueltas was born in Santiago Papasquiaro in Durango, and studied at the National Conservatory in Mexico City, St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas, and the Chicago College of Music. He gave violin recitals and in 1929 was invited by Carlos Chávez to become assistant conductor of the National Symphony Orchestra of Mexico, a post he held until 1935. He and Chávez did much to promote contemporary Mexican music. It was around this time that Revueltas began to compose in earnest. He began his first film score, Redes, in 1934, a commission which resulted in Revueltas and Chávez falling out. Chávez had originally expected to write the score, but political changes led to him losing his job in the Ministry of Education, which was behind the film project.[1] Revueltas left Chávez's orchestra in 1935 to be the principal conductor of a newly created and short-lived rival orchestra, the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional.[citation needed]

Silvestre Revueltas
Silvestre Revueltas

He was part of a family of artists, a number of whom were also famous and recognized in Mexico: his brother Fermín (1901–1935) and sister Consuelo (born before 1908, died before 1999) were painters, sister Rosaura (ca. 1909–1996) was an actress and dancer, and younger brother José Revueltas (1914–1976) was a noted writer. His daughter from his first marriage to Jules Klarecy (née Hlavacek), Romano Carmen (later Montoya and Peers), enjoyed a successful career as a dancer, taught ballet and flamenco in New York, and died on November 13, 1995, at age 73, in Athens, Greece. She is survived by three sons, and two kindred creative female heirs in Oceanside, California. His daughter from his second marriage, Eugenia (born November 15, 1934), is an essayist. His nephew Román Revueltas Retes, son of José, is a violinist, journalist, painter and conductor of the Orquesta Sinfónica de Aguascalientes (OSA).[citation needed]

Tomb of Silvestre Revueltas in the Panteon Civil de Dolores cemetery in Mexico City
Tomb of Silvestre Revueltas in the Panteon Civil de Dolores cemetery in Mexico City

In 1937 Revueltas went to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, as part of a tour organized by the leftist organization Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR);[2] upon Francisco Franco's victory, he returned to Mexico. He earned little, and fell into poverty and alcoholism. He died in Mexico City of pneumonia (complicated by alcoholism), at the age of 40 on October 5, 1940, the day his ballet El renacuajo paseador, written four years earlier, was premiered. His remains are kept at the Rotonda de los Hombres Ilustres in Mexico City.[citation needed]

Works

Revueltas wrote film music, chamber music, songs, and a number of other works. His best-known work is the 1960 arrangement by José Yves Limantour [es] drawn from Revueltas' film score for the 1939 film La noche de los mayas,[3] although some dissenting opinions hold that the orchestral work Sensemayá is better known.[4] In any case, it is Sensemayá that is considered Revueltas's masterpiece.[5]

He appeared briefly as a bar piano player in the movie ¡Vámonos con Pancho Villa! (Let's Go with Pancho Villa, Mexico, 1935), for which he composed the music. When shooting breaks out in the bar while he is playing "La Cucaracha", he holds up a sign reading "Se suplica no tirarle al pianista" ("Please don't shoot the pianist").[6]

Music

Chamber works

Orchestral works

Ballets

Film scores

Songs

Piano

See also

References

  1. ^ Huscher, Phillip (May 13, 2010). "Program Notes – Suite from Redes (Nets)" (PDF). Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  2. ^ Hess 1997,[page needed].
  3. ^ Hernández 2009, 19.
  4. ^ Clark 1999, 240; Estrada 1982, 191; Hoag 1987, 173; Morris 1996, 280; Velazco 1986, 343
  5. ^ Contreras Soto 2000, 62.
  6. ^ In Palencia 2000, 26, Revueltas' appearance in this scene is cited as an example of his sense of humor.
  7. ^ James Reel. Música para charlar, concert version of film score for orchestra at AllMusic

Sources

Further reading