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Sindhi cuisine (Sindhi: سنڌي کاڌا) refers to the distinct native cuisine of the Sindhi people from Sindh, Pakistan. Sindhi cuisine has been influenced by Central Asian, Iranian, Mughal, and Punjabi food traditions.[1] It is mostly a non-vegetarian cuisine,[2] with even Sindhi Hindus widely accepting of meat consumption.[3] The daily food in most Sindhi households consists of wheat-based flat-bread (phulka) and rice accompanied by two dishes, one gravy and one dry with curd, papad or pickle. Freshwater fish and a wide variety of vegetables are usually used in Sindhi cuisine.[4] Restaurants specializing in Sindhi cuisine are rare, although it is found at truck stops in rural areas of Sindh province, and in a few restaurants in urban Sindh.[5]

Historical influences

The arrival of Islam within South Asia influenced the local cuisine to a great degree. Since Muslims are forbidden to eat pork or consume alcohol and the Halal dietary guidelines are strictly observed, Muslim Sindhis focus on ingredients such as beef, lamb, chicken, fish, vegetables and traditional fruit and dairy. Hindu Sindhi cuisine is almost identical with the difference that beef is omitted. The influence of Central Asian, South Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine in Sindhi food is ubiquitous. Sindhi cuisine was also found in India, where many Sindhi Hindus migrated following the Partition of India in 1947. Before Independence, the State of Sindh was under Bombay Presidency.

The Sindhi "Sai bhaji" is a famous curry
The Sindhi "Sai bhaji" is a famous curry
Sindhi biryani, the Sindhi variant of the biryani rice dish
Sindhi biryani, the Sindhi variant of the biryani rice dish
Lola (Lolo in singular) prepared on Thadri festival in Tharparkar
Lola (Lolo in singular) prepared on Thadri festival in Tharparkar

Food for special occasions

Certain dishes are served on special occasions such as Diwali a Bahji (vegetable dish) called Chiti-Kuni is made with seven vegetables. Special dishes are also served on recovery from serious illness for example when someone makes a full recovery from Chicken Pox, it is common to make an offering and make "mitho lolo", a sweet griddle-roasted flatbread: the dough is wheat flour mixed with oil (or ghee) and sugar syrup flavored with ground cardamom.[6]

Sindhi Kadhi
Sindhi Kadhi
Sindhi Fish Curry
Sindhi Fish Curry
Famous Thari Singhrian ji Bhaaji
Famous Thari Singhrian ji Bhaaji
Most popular Kadhi dish Singhrian jo Raabro(Khaatiyo) from Tharparkar
Most popular Kadhi dish Singhrian jo Raabro(Khaatiyo) from Tharparkar

Meals

Sindhi Beeh Ji Bhaji
Sindhi Beeh Ji Bhaji

Bhee (simply means 'lotus root' in English). A high quality lotus root is grown in the north of Sindh which is then cooked in clay-pot using various spices, which then results in an excellent delicacy that is famous all over Pakistan. Sindhi Briyani, Sindhi Curry, Sabu Dal Chawal (yellow daal with rice).

Drinks

Thandiay (Thadal)
Thandiay (Thadal)

Translations

This section provides the translations between Urdu/Hindi, Sindhi and English (British and American) cooking terms of common Sindhi food.

There are occasional differences in Sindhi dialects for instance Hyderabadi Sindhi will refer to an egg as 'bedo' however Sindhis from other parts will refer to it as 'ando'.

Herbs

Urdu/Hindi Sindhi English
Sokha Dhan-ia Sukka Dhaanna (سڪاڌاڻا) Coriander Seed
Hara Dhan-ia Sawa Dhaanna Coriander Leaves
podeena Pudino Mint leaves
methi Hurbo Fenugreek
taez paat Kamaal Pat Bay leaf
Kadhi pata Kari patto Curry Leaves

Spices

Urdu/Hindi Sindhi English
Amchoor Amba-choor dry mango powder
elaichi Photo (ڦوٽا) Cardamon Pods
Badi elaichi Wado photo Black Cardamon
namak Loonn (لوڻ) Salt
kali mirch Kaari Mirch Black Pepper
lah-sun Thoom(ٿوم) Garlic
adrak adrak(ادرڪ) Ginger
Zeera Jiro(جيرو) Cummin Seeds
Haldi Haidda(هيڊ) Turmeric Powder
Heeng Hing/Vagaranee Asafoetida
Zafran Zafran/Kaisar(ڪيسر) Saffron
gur Gud (ڳڙ) Jaggery
mirch mirch(مرچ) chillies
imli Gida-mi-ri(گدامڙي) Tamarind
Khaskhas(کسکس) Khashkhash poppy seeds
Caraway
Raee Rai mustard seeds
Long Lua-nga (لونگ) Clove
Til Tirr Sesame Seed
Garam Masala garam masalo .
Dalchini Mithi Kathi Cinnamon
Sauf Sauf Aniseed
Methi dana Hurbo Fenugreek seeds
Lal mirch Gharo mirch Red Chilli

Fruit, Vegetable and Pulses

Urdu/Hindi Sindhi English
Baingan Vaangan واڱڻ Aubergine (UK) or Eggplant (US).
Band Gobi Band/Pata Gobi Cabbage
Gaajar Gajjar(گجر) Carrot
Daal Daal Lentil
Sag Sagg Mustard Greens (Vegetable)
Khajoor Qatal or Khark(کارڪ يا ڪتل) Dates

Nuts

Urdu/Hindi Sindhi English
Moongphali Behi-munga or Munghera(مڱيرا) Kha-ja Peanuts
Kaju Kaju Cashewnuts
Badaam Badaamyoon(باداميون) Almond
Pista Pista/dodiyun Pistachio
Akhrot Akhrot Walnut

Other

Urdu /Hindi Sindhi English
Ghee Gheehu/Ghay Clarified Butter
Chapati Maani/Phulko/Daggri (ڦلڪو) Thin wrap
Cheeni or Shakkar Khand(کنڊ), Khandra Sugar
Bheja or Maghaz Maghz(مغز) Brain
Papar Pa-pper(پاپڙ) Poppodum
double-roti double-roti/Dhabbal Bread
Aata Atto(اٽو) Wholewheat flour (Chappati flour)
Anda Bedo (Hyderbadi Sindhi) or Ando(آنو) Egg
Murghi Kukkar (ڪڪڙ) Chicken
Paplate Paplet پاپليٽ Pomfret fish
Chhota Gosht Nandho Gosht Mutton
Barra Gosht Wado Gosht Beef
Palla machhli Pallo(پلو) shad/Hilsa (fish)

Vegetarian cuisine

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2010)

Certain sects of the Sindhi community are vegetarians. The Thathai, Halai and Kutchi Bhatias are followers of Vallabh Acharya. He put forward a way to worship Sri Krishna called Pushtimarg. They are strict vegetarians who do not eat even onions and garlic and are devoted to Srinathji, the child form of Sri Krishna.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Reejhsinghani, Aroona (2004). Essential Sindhi Cookbook. Penguin Books India. ISBN 978-0-14-303201-4.
  2. ^ Reejhsinghani, Aroona (2004). Essential Sindhi Cookbook. Penguin Books India. ISBN 978-0-14-303201-4.
  3. ^ Kent, Eliza F.; Kassam, Tazim R. (2013-07-12). Lines in Water: Religious Boundaries in South Asia. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-5225-0.
  4. ^ Reejhsinghani, Aroona (2004-08-04). The Essential Sindhi Cookbook. Penguin UK. ISBN 978-93-5118-094-4.
  5. ^ Jillani, Maryam (2019-04-02). "Sindhi food: A vibrant cuisine hidden from the Pakistani and Indian public". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  6. ^ "Various Sindhi recipes". www.simplysindhirecipes.com. WordPress. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  7. ^ https://sindhirasoi.com/2008/05/sindhi-koki/
  8. ^ Sindhi Drinks https://pandareviewz.com/sindhi-food-cuisine/
  9. ^ "panjakhada.com". Retrieved 21 December 2014.