Sipalay
City of Sipalay
Sipalay Beach
Sipalay Beach
Flag of Sipalay
Official seal of Sipalay
Nickname: 
"The Jewel of the Sugar Island"
Motto: 
"Ugyon Sipalaynon"
Map of Negros Occidental with Sipalay highlighted
Map of Negros Occidental with Sipalay highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Map
Sipalay is located in Philippines
Sipalay
Sipalay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°45′N 122°24′E / 9.75°N 122.4°E / 9.75; 122.4
CountryPhilippines
RegionNegros Island Region
ProvinceNegros Occidental
District 6th district
FoundedDecember 20, 1948
CityhoodMarch 31, 2001
Barangays17 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMaria Gina M. Lizares
 • Vice MayorOscar C. Montilla Jr.
 • RepresentativeMercedes K. Alvarez
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate54,400 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total379.78 km2 (146.63 sq mi)
Elevation
74 m (243 ft)
Highest elevation
549 m (1,801 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total72,448
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
 • Households
16,858
Economy
 • Income class4th city income class
 • Poverty incidence
30.74
% (2021)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 787.2 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 2,214 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 644.6 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 566 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityNegros Occidental Electric Cooperative (NOCECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6113
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)034
Native languagesHiligaynon
Tagalog
Cebuano
Websitewww.sipalaycity.gov.ph

Sipalay, officially the City of Sipalay (Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Sipalay; Filipino: Lungsod ng Sipalay; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Sipalay), is a 4th class component city in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 72,448 people.[3] It is the top tourist destination in the province of Negros Occidental.[5]

History

Sipalay history can be traced back to the undated time of early settlements of the native Tumandok who discovered the lowland plains very fertile, arable and fully vegetated by trees. The areas was well dissected by river tributaries, which accounted for the fertility of the lowland.

During the Spanish era, the area was further discovered and developed by sailing adventurers from the neighboring island of Panay, being the group who resented the Kintos System enacted by the ruling Spaniards by then.

Growth and development flourished as Chinese merchants came to barter their wares with staple food, particularly rice, which was commonly called by the settlers as paray and by the Chinese, due to the difficulty of pronouncing r, as palay which was the word to have been popularly associated with the place. Thus the area came to be known as Sipalay.

At the advent of the American regime, Sipalay was a full pledge barrio of the Municipality of Cauayan. In the early 1920s the political structure was already in place.

During the World War II, Sipalay was made an emergency town and after the war. On November 20, 1948, then President Elpidio Quirino signed Executive Order No. 185 proclaiming Sipalay as a town. The official inauguration of the town was on December 20, 1948.

Cityhood

Main article: Cities of the Philippines

The conversion of Sipalay into a component city of the Province of Negros Occidental followed in 2001 after the ratification of Republic Act No. 9027.[6]

Geography

Sipalay's distance from Bacolod is 170 kilometres (110 mi) and 171 kilometres (106 mi) from Dumaguete, the capital of Negros Oriental. Public utility vehicles plying the southern Negros route pass by this city. Those coming from Negros Oriental can either exit through Kabankalan City via Mabinay or through Dumaguete via Hinoba-an.

Barangays

Sipalay City is politically subdivided into 17 barangays. Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.

Climate

Climate data for Sipalay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(85)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.8)
37
(1.5)
62
(2.4)
93
(3.7)
190
(7.5)
259
(10.2)
284
(11.2)
236
(9.3)
244
(9.6)
247
(9.7)
162
(6.4)
86
(3.4)
1,945
(76.7)
Average rainy days 10.8 8.4 12.7 16.3 26.7 28.5 29.1 28.0 27.4 28.5 23.4 15.5 255.3
Source: Meteoblue[7]

Demographics

Population census of Sipalay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 20,325—    
1970 34,771+5.51%
1975 45,773+5.67%
1980 51,264+2.29%
1990 61,892+1.90%
1995 63,960+0.62%
2000 62,063−0.64%
2007 67,211+1.11%
2010 67,403+0.10%
2015 70,070+0.74%
2020 72,448+0.66%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[8][9][10][11]

Major languages are Hiligaynon, followed by Cebuano with English and Tagalog being used as second languages.

Economy

Poverty incidence of Sipalay

10
20
30
40
50
2006
39.40
2009
45.92
2012
29.14
2015
24.13
2018
23.53
2021
30.74

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Pump boat in Sipalay as viewed from Perth Paradise Resort

Airline company Air Juan offers services from Cebu, Iloilo and Puerto Princesa via the Sipalay Airport.

Tourism

Top view image of Sipalay resorts

The city is known for its tourist destinations. An example of it is the now-defunct Maricalum Mining Corporation which happens to be one of the largest mining companies in the country. It now has a park dedicated for viewing the whole mine from atop.

It also boasts beautiful pristine beaches being a seaside city. Widely dubbed as the uncommercialized New Boracay of Negros, foreign and local tourists flock its beaches the whole year round not only for swimming but for diving as well.

References

  1. ^ City of Sipalay | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. April 2, 2024. Retrieved April 28, 2024.
  5. ^ Sipalay City allows resorts, hotels to operate at 100% capacity. Philippine News Agency. 2021.
  6. ^ Sipalay City Tourism Pamphlet
  7. ^ "Sipalay: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  8. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.((cite encyclopedia)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  12. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  13. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  14. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  15. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  16. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  17. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  18. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  19. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. April 2, 2024. Retrieved April 28, 2024.