William Stirling-Maxwell

Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, c. 1870, photograph by Thomas Annan
Member of Parliament for Perthshire
In office
12 February 1874 – 15 January 1878
Preceded byCharles Stuart Parker
Succeeded byHenry Home-Drummond-Moray
Personal details
Born
William Stirling

(1818-03-08)8 March 1818
Kenmure, East Dunbartonshire, Scotland
Died15 January 1878(1878-01-15) (aged 59)
Venice, Italy
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Lady Anna Maria Leslie-Melville
(m. 1865; died 1874)

(m. 1877; died 1877)
Children2
ParentsSir Archibald Stirling
Elizabeth Maxwell
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge
OccupationHistoric writer, art historian, politician

Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, 9th Baronet MP KT, of Pollok FRSE DCL LLD (8 March 1818 – 15 January 1878), was a Scottish historical writer and art historian, politician, and virtuoso.

Until 1865 he was known as William Stirling, and several of his books were published under that name. He was Chancellor of the University of Glasgow from 1875 until his death and was also a Knight of the Thistle, considered the highest honour that can be conferred by the Crown on a Scotsman.

Life

He was born at Kenmure, the son of Sir Archibald Stirling, Esq., of Keir and Cawder, and Elizabeth Maxwell, sister of Sir John Maxwell, 8th Baronet, and Harriet Maxwell (died 1812) and daughter of Sir John Maxwell, 7th Baronet and Hannah or Anne Gardiner, daughter of Richard Gardiner, of Aldborough, Suffolk.

He was privately educated at Olney in Buckinghamshire[1] then studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating with a BA degree in 1839 and proceeding to MA in 1843.[2] He travelled in Spain and the Levant and contributed to Fraser's Magazine and the Examiner. In 1848 he published his pioneering Annals of the Artists of Spain. He succeeded to the Keir estates in 1847.

In 1849 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh his proposer being John Russell. He served as the Society's vice president from 1871 to 1875.[3]

He served as Member of Parliament for Perthshire from 1852 to 1868 and again from 1874 to 1878. He was appointed a Member of the Universities Commission in 1859 and of the Historical Manuscripts Commission from 1872 to 1878, as well as of the Scottish Education Board (a forerunner to the Scottish Office). He was elected Rector of the University of St Andrews in 1862 and of the University of Edinburgh in 1871.

He succeeded to the Maxwell Baronetcy (in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia) in 1865, assuming the additional name of Maxwell.

He was elected Chancellor of the University of Glasgow in 1875, the first to have been elected by members of the General Council (previous Chancellors having been elected by members of the Senate),[4] and was awarded an Honorary DCL from the University of Oxford in the following year. He was a member of the University of London Senate and a trustee of the British Museum and the National Gallery.

He lived at Keir House near Dunblane.[5] He was a breeder of shorthorns and Clydesdale horses, an ardent bibliographer and collector of works of art.

He died on holiday in Venice on 15 January 1878 but his body was returned to Britain and he is buried in the Lecropt Churchyard near Stirling.[6]

Marriages and issue

He married firstly Lady Anna Maria Leslie-Melville (died 8 December 1874), daughter of David Leslie-Melville, 8th Earl of Leven and Elizabeth Anne Campbell, and had, at least:

In March 1877, Stirling Maxwell married secondly noted author and society figure Caroline Norton, a granddaughter of the famous Irish playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan. She died three months later.

Selected publications

Anonymous

As William Stirling

As Sir William Stirling-Maxwell

Further reading

Notes

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, 9th Baronet" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
  1. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0-902-198-84-X.
  2. ^ "Stirling (post Stirling-Maxwell), William (STRN835W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0-902-198-84-X.
  4. ^ The University of Glasgow Story. Biography of Sir William Stirling Maxwell 9th Baronet
  5. ^ Perth Post Office Directory 1865: List of Noblemen and Gentlemens Country Seats
  6. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0-902-198-84-X.

References

Sources

Scottish Parliament
Preceded by
Henry Home-Drummond
Member of Parliament for Perthshire
1852–1868
Succeeded by
Charles Stuart Parker
Preceded by
Charles Stuart Parker
Member of Parliament for Perthshire
1874–1878
Succeeded by
Henry Home-Drummond-Moray
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Lord Moncreiff
Rector of the University of Edinburgh
1871–1874
Succeeded by
The Earl of Derby
Preceded by
Ralph Anstruther
Rector of the University of St Andrews
1862–1865
Succeeded by
John Stuart Mill
Preceded by
The Duke of Montrose
Chancellor of the University of Glasgow
1875–1878
Succeeded by
The Duke of Buccleuch
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by
John Maxwell
Baronet
(of Pollok)
1865–1878
Succeeded by
John Stirling Maxwell
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Stirling-Maxwell, Sir William .