Sironcha
Town
Sironcha is located in Maharashtra
Sironcha
Sironcha
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°50′50″N 79°58′06″E / 18.847244°N 79.968195°E / 18.847244; 79.968195
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictGadchiroli
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodySironcha Municipal Council
Elevation
323 m (1,060 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total7,427
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
 • MajorityTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

Sironcha is a town and municipal council in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra state in India. It connected with NH-63.

History

Historically, Sironcha was a key location for the East India Company from Nizam perspective,[citation needed] it was the Southern tehsil of Chanda District, Central Provinces. In 1901, Sironcha tehsil area was 2,810 square kilometres (1,085 sq mi), and its population was 51,148. The transfer of the taluks of Nugur, Albaka, and Cherla of the Sironcha tehsil, covering an area of 1,540 square kilometres (593 sq mi) and containing 142 villages with 20,218 persons, to the Madras Presidency had been sanctioned, but further details of administration were being considered. In 1905, an area of 6,740 square kilometres (2,603 sq mi) of the Chanda tahsil, of which 2,600 were in the Ahiri zamindari estate, was transferred to Sironcha. By 1908, the revised totals of area and population of the Sironcha tahsil were 8,020 square kilometres (3,095 sq mi) and 55,465 persons. The population in 1891 of the area constituting the tahsil in 1908 was 51,732. The density was 6.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (18/sq mi), and the tahsil contained 421 inhabited villages.[2]

In 1908, Sironcha's headquarters were at Sironcha, the namesake village of 2,813 inhabitants, 210 kilometres (130 mi) from Chanda town by road. The area of government forest in the new tahsil was 1,200 square kilometres (480 sq mi), while 5,840 square kilometres (2,254 sq mi) of the Ahiri zamindari were covered by tree forest, scrub jungle, or grass. The northern portion of the tehsil comprised in the Ahiri zamindari was one of the most densely wooded and sparsely populated areas in the province; to the south of this, Sironcha extended in a long narrow strip to the east of the Godavari, and consisted of a belt of rich alluvial soil along the banks of the river and its affluents, with forests and hills in the background. The population is wholly Telugu. The land revenue demand of the tahsil was approximately 17,000, before the revision of settlement in progress in 1908.[2]

Geography

Sironcha is located at 18°50′N 79°58′E / 18.83°N 79.96°E / 18.83; 79.96.[3] It has an average elevation of 118 metres (387 ft).

There is a planned National highway No 16 between Nizamabad in Telangana State and Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh State, Maharashtra and Telangana states. The construction of this National highway includes building bridges over the Pranhita and Indravati rivers. Bridge construction on Pranhita River already completed which connects Mancherial district of Telangana to Sironcha tehsil of Gadchiroli District (Maharashtra). Also, Bridge construction on Godavari river completed which connects Kaleshwaram of Bhupalpally district to Sironcha Tehsil.The Tahasil is recently came into news for the discovery of Dinosaur's fossils and large numbers of wood fossils found dating back to crores of years, specially lower Jurassic period.[citation needed]

Climate

Climate data for Sironcha (1981–2010, extremes 1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.3
(93.7)
38.8
(101.8)
45.6
(114.1)
46.8
(116.2)
48.2
(118.8)
46.7
(116.1)
40.0
(104.0)
37.4
(99.3)
37.9
(100.2)
37.0
(98.6)
36.9
(98.4)
35.4
(95.7)
48.2
(118.8)
Average high °C (°F) 29.8
(85.6)
33.3
(91.9)
37.6
(99.7)
41.2
(106.2)
42.5
(108.5)
37.4
(99.3)
32.6
(90.7)
30.2
(86.4)
32.0
(89.6)
32.7
(90.9)
30.7
(87.3)
29.3
(84.7)
34.1
(93.4)
Average low °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
18.2
(64.8)
21.5
(70.7)
24.7
(76.5)
26.0
(78.8)
25.3
(77.5)
23.1
(73.6)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
22.3
(72.1)
17.6
(63.7)
14.4
(57.9)
21.1
(70.0)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
7.0
(44.6)
11.7
(53.1)
14.0
(57.2)
11.6
(52.9)
15.2
(59.4)
17.0
(62.6)
15.4
(59.7)
9.5
(49.1)
5.2
(41.4)
4.5
(40.1)
4.7
(40.5)
4.5
(40.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.3
(0.29)
10.1
(0.40)
11.8
(0.46)
4.5
(0.18)
28.7
(1.13)
184.5
(7.26)
389.9
(15.35)
382.1
(15.04)
143.0
(5.63)
79.6
(3.13)
10.0
(0.39)
2.6
(0.10)
1,253.9
(49.37)
Average rainy days 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.7 8.1 15.9 15.6 8.6 4.2 0.9 0.2 57.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 43 38 33 28 28 53 72 78 73 65 59 52 52
Source: India Meteorological Department[4][5]

Demographics

Population

As of 2011 Indian Census, Sironcha had a total population of 7,427, of which 3,798 were males and 3,629 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 701. The total number of literates in Sironcha was 5,680, which constituted 76.5% of the population with male literacy of 82.4% and female literacy of 70.3%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Sironcha was 84.4%, of which male literacy rate was 91.3% and female literacy rate was 77.3%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 382 and 1,277 respectively. Sironcha had 1814 households in 2011.[1]

Year Male Female Total Population Change Religion (%)
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikhs Buddhist Jain Other religions and persuasions Religion not stated
2011[6] 3798 3629 7427 - 86.455 7.473 2.047 0.054 1.616 0.027 0.121 2.208
Graphs are temporarily unavailable due to technical issues.
Graphs are temporarily unavailable due to technical issues.

Language

Majority of the population of Sironcha speaks Telugu (84.9%), followed by Marathi speakers (10.7%).[7]

Transport

Sironcha town is connected by the State Road Transport ST services to Gadchiroli, Aheri, Chandrapur, Nagpur and Wardha. Sironcha is also connected to the Telangana State capital Hyderabad and some popular Cities/Towns like Bhupalpalle, Chinnur, Warangal, Manthani, Karimnagar, Godavarikhani, Hyderabad, Nellore and Mancherial.

TSRTC Godavarikhani, Bhupalpalle and Mancherial bus depots runs services to this town. Good transportation service from Telangana state.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Sironcha". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b The Imperial gazetteer of India. Vol. XXIII. Oxford at the Clarendon Tress. 1908. 38.
  3. ^ "redirect to /world/IN/02/Sironcha.html". www.fallingrain.com. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Station: Sironcha Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 719–720. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M153. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  6. ^ Census India 2011.
  7. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2021.