Sithonia
Σιθωνία
Klimataria beach
Klimataria beach
Sithonia is located in Greece
Sithonia
Sithonia
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Sithonias.png
Coordinates: 40°06′00″N 23°52′30″E / 40.10000°N 23.87500°E / 40.10000; 23.87500Coordinates: 40°06′00″N 23°52′30″E / 40.10000°N 23.87500°E / 40.10000; 23.87500
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCentral Macedonia
Area
 • Municipality516.8 km2 (199.5 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit322.9 km2 (124.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
12,394
 • Municipality density24/km2 (62/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
8,841
 • Municipal unit density27/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationΧΚ

Sithonia (Greek: Σιθωνία), also known as Longos, is a peninsula of Chalkidiki, which itself is located on a larger peninsula within Greece. The Kassandra Peninsula lies to the west of Sithonia and the Mount Athos peninsula to the east. Sithonia is also a municipality, covering the Sithonia peninsula. The seat of the municipality is the town Nikiti.[2]

Geography

Sithonia, beach of Kalamitsi.
Sithonia, beach of Kalamitsi.
Panorama of Nikiti.
Panorama of Nikiti.
Elia Beach
Elia Beach
Ormos Panagias.
Ormos Panagias.
Sunrise in Vourvourou
Sunrise in Vourvourou

Gulfs that surround the peninsula are the Singitic Gulf to the east and the Toronean Gulf to the west. The peaks of Itamos and Dragoudelis are in the center of the peninsula. The landscape is covered with vineyards, forests, grasslands, shrubland and mountains. Amongst the many historic places in Sithonia is the ancient city, the castle and the church of Agios Athanasios in Toroni, the windmills in Sykia and the 16th century church in Nikiti.

In the northern part of the peninsula are the popular beaches of Ai Giannis, Kalogria, Elia and Lagomandra on the west coast and Livrochios, Karidi, Kavourotripes and Platanitsi on the east coast. The beaches in the southern part include Azapiko, Tristinika, Kalamitsi and Kriaritsi.

Porto Koufo, is the largest natural harbor in Greece, which is mentioned by Thucydides as "hollow harbor"; it appears to be the fishing spot in the area. South, from the harbour's exit there is Kartalia, the most southern part of Sithonia, a very impressive area which puts its visitors under a spell with its rocky secluded beaches.

The main villages in the peninsula are Nikiti, Neos Marmaras, Parthenonas, Sarti, Sykia, Vourvourou and Agios Nikolaos.

In the middle of Sithonia peninsula, near the village of Neos Marmaras, is the holiday resort of Porto Carras; the place of the 2003 European Union leaders Summit. In summer the waterfront areas of Neos Maramaras, Nikiti and Sarti are especially busy.

Municipality

The municipality Sithonia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

The municipality has an area of 516.848 km2, the municipal unit 322.875 km2.[3]

Places

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ a b "ΦΕΚ A 87/2010, Kallikratis reform law text" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  3. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  4. ^ "Armenistis camping-Home page". Archived from the original on 2000-10-17.