Eastern rGyalrong
Native toChina
Language codes
ISO 639-3(included in jya)

Situ (Chinese: 四土话; pinyin: Sìtǔ huà) is a Rgyalrong language spoken in Sichuan, China. The name "Situ", literally "four Tusi", comes from a historical name of the Ma'erkang region.[1]


Gates (2012: 102-103)[2] lists the following locations where Zbu is spoken. It is spoken by over 35,000-40,000 people in 57 villages.


Gates (2012: 103)[2] lists 7 dialects of Situ.


Verbal agreement

Data adapted from Lin (1993).[3] Columns indicate the patient, and rows the agent. For example, the item tə-no-n in row "2sg" and column "3" means "you(singular) drive him/her/it/them.two/them".

1sg 1du 1pl 2sg 2du 2pl 3
1sg ta-no ta-no-ntʃ ta-no-ɲ no-ŋ
1du ta-no ta-no-ntʃ ta-no-ɲ no-tʃ
1pl ta-no ta-no-ntʃ ta-no-ɲ no-i
2sg kə-w-no-ŋ kə-w-no-tʃ kə-w-no-i tə-no-n
2du kə-w-no-ŋ kə-w-no-tʃ kə-w-no-i tə-no-ntʃ
2pl kə-w-no-ŋ kə-w-no-tʃ kə-w-no-i tə-no-ɲ
3sg wə-no-ŋ wə-no-tʃ wə-no-i tə-w-no tə-w-no-ntʃ tə-w-no-ɲ no-u
3du wə-no-ŋ wə-no-tʃ wə-no-i tə-w-no tə-w-no-ntʃ tə-w-no-ɲ no-ntʃ
3pl wə-no-ŋ wə-no-tʃ wə-no-i tə-w-no tə-w-no-ntʃ tə-w-no-ɲ no-ɲ


  1. ^ "Rgyalrong Culture" 嘉绒人文. Ma'erkang City Government website.
  2. ^ a b Gates, Jesse P. (2012). Situ in situ: towards a dialectology of Jiāróng (rGyalrong) (MA thesis). Trinity Western University.
  3. ^ Lin Xiangrong 林向荣 1993. 《嘉戎语研究》[A study on the rGyalrong language] Chengdu: Sichuan Minzu chubanshe.