The six-hour day is a schedule by which the employees or other members of an institution (which may also be, for example, a school) spend six hours contributing. This is in contrast to the widespread eight-hour day, or any other time arrangement. It has also been proposed as a better alternative to the four-day week, another proposed way to reduce working time.[1]

By country

Australia

In Australia, the six-hour day and four-day week is supported by the Australian Greens.[2]

Finland

In 2020, the Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin advocated for a change towards implementing a six-hour working day.[3]

The result of a Finnish study showed positive effects.[4]

Norway

The Red Party (Norway) has advocated for a six-hour workday.[5]

Sweden

The 6 hour workday has been subject to reoccurring debate since the early 70's after the sociologist and politician Alva Myrdal proposed to implement it to Sveriges socialdemokratiska kvinnoförbund.[6] Today there is more than a few examples of companies which already have a 6 hour workday in Sweden.[7][8][9][10][11] Since 2002 there is a workplace with a 6 hour workday in the small town of Mölndal.[8] Several small-scale implementations of the concept have been trialed in Sweden, including the private and public sectors.[12][13] In Gothenburg, an experiment with 70 nurses over 18 months found decreases in sick leave, better self-reported health as well as an increase in productivity, with a cost of 1,3 million USD.[14] Two major parties support cutting the working hours in Sweden as of 2022. The party Vänsterpartiet (the left party) is advocating a 6 hour working day without decreased pay.[15][16] Miljöpartiet de gröna (The green party) has the goal of a 30 hour workweek.[16] About half of swedes would rather have to work fewer hours rather than getting paid more, with women being more positive towards more free time.[17]

References

  1. ^ Veal, Anthony (2020-01-13). "Time's up for the 9-to-5 — a six-hour working day is the future". ABC News. Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  2. ^ "Australian party pitches four-day working week". BBC News. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  3. ^ "Finland Is Rallying Around a Six-Hour Workday — And So Should We". Jacobin. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  4. ^ https://www.ostersundshem.se/media/1420/slutrapport-sex-timmars.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ "Six-hour workday". Rødt. 17 September 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Visst funkar sex timmars arbetsdag". Chef (in Swedish). 2019-10-08. Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  7. ^ "Trenden med sex timmars arbetsdag fortsätter". Chef (in Swedish). 2015-10-28. Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  8. ^ a b "Här tjänar alla på sex timmars arbete". Dagens Arbete (in Swedish). 2017-01-30. Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  9. ^ "Klockan fyra är bara chefen kvar". Chef (in Swedish). 2015-06-16. Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  10. ^ "Byrån införde sex timmars arbetsdag – affärerna går som tåget". www.resume.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  11. ^ "Sex timmars arbetsdag gav resultat direkt". Chef (in Swedish). 2016-02-11. Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  12. ^ Savage, Maddy (2015-11-02). "The truth about Sweden's short working hours". Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  13. ^ https://www.ostersundshem.se/media/1420/slutrapport-sex-timmars.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  14. ^ Savage, Maddy (2017-02-08). "What really happened when Swedes tried six-hour days?". Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  15. ^ "Mer tid för att leva, vi är för arbetstidsförkortning". Vänsterpartiet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  16. ^ a b Marklund, Ingrid (2014-05-16). "Bara ett parti driver 6 timmars arbetsdag". Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  17. ^ "Sifo: Kortare arbetstid viktigare än högre lön – Arbetet" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2022-05-26.