Skraeling Island
Skraeling Island is located in Nunavut
Skraeling Island
Skraeling Island
Skraeling Island is located in Canada
Skraeling Island
Skraeling Island
Geography
LocationNorthern Canada
Coordinates78°54′43″N 075°38′00″W / 78.91194°N 75.63333°W / 78.91194; -75.63333 (Skraeling Island)Coordinates: 78°54′43″N 075°38′00″W / 78.91194°N 75.63333°W / 78.91194; -75.63333 (Skraeling Island)[1]
ArchipelagoQueen Elizabeth Islands
Arctic Archipelago
Length2,000 m (7000 ft)
Width1,400 m (4600 ft)
Administration
Canada
TerritoryNunavut
RegionQikiqtaaluk
Demographics
PopulationUninhabited

Skraeling Island lies off the east coast of Ellesmere Island in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, at the mouth of Alexandra Fiord. Buchanan Bay lies to its north-east.

History

The Norse referred to the indigenous peoples they encountered in Greenland and the New World as skræling. According to the ancient sagas, the Norse considered the natives hostile because they were repeatedly attacked by them.[2]

Archaeology

Skraeling Island is an extensive archeological site which has yielded a wealth of artifacts[3] from Small-Tool cultures dating from 4500 BC (Dorset and Thule). Norse items found at Inuit sites[3] — some 80 objects from a single site including a small driftwood carving of a face with European features — suggests that there was a lively trade between the groups (as well as an exchange of Norse goods among the Inuit).

References

  1. ^ Skraeling Island Archived 2012-09-22 at the Wayback Machine at the Atlas of Canada
  2. ^ Lemonick, Michael D.; Dorfman, Andrea (2000-05-08). "The Amazing Vikings". Time.com. Vol. 155, no. 19.
  3. ^ a b Haywood, J. (2016). Northmen: The Viking Saga, AD 793-1241. St. Martin's Publishing Group. p. 244. ISBN 978-1-250-10614-8. Retrieved 2022-06-04.