Smyth County
Smyth County Courthouse in Marion
Smyth County Courthouse in Marion
Flag of Smyth County
Official seal of Smyth County
Map of Virginia highlighting Smyth County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°50′N 81°32′W / 36.84°N 81.53°W / 36.84; -81.53
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1832
Named forAlexander Smyth
SeatMarion
Largest townMarion
Area
 • Total452 sq mi (1,170 km2)
 • Land451 sq mi (1,170 km2)
 • Water1.4 sq mi (4 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total29,800
 • Density66/sq mi (25/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district9th
Websitewww.smythcounty.org

Smyth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 29,800.[1] Its county seat is Marion.[2]

History

Smyth County was formed on February 23, 1832, from Washington and Wythe counties. The county is named after Alexander Smyth, a general during the War of 1812 who was elected to the state Senate, House of Delegates, and as a Representative to the United States Congress.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 452 square miles (1,170 km2), of which 451 square miles (1,170 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.[3] Smyth County is one of the 423 counties served by the Appalachian Regional Commission,[4] and it is identified as part of "Greater Appalachia" by Colin Woodard in his book American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America.[5]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18406,522
18508,16225.1%
18608,9529.7%
18708,898−0.6%
188012,16036.7%
189013,3609.9%
190017,12128.2%
191020,32618.7%
192022,1258.9%
193025,12513.6%
194028,86114.9%
195030,1874.6%
196031,0662.9%
197031,3490.9%
198033,3666.4%
199032,370−3.0%
200033,0812.2%
201032,208−2.6%
202029,800−7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010[10] 2020[11]

2020 census

Smyth County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 30,642 27,762 95.14% 93.16%
Black or African American alone (NH) 630 408 1.96% 1.37%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 41 36 0.13% 0.12%
Asian alone (NH) 82 104 0.25% 0.35%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 1 0.01% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 18 49 0.06% 0.16%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 265 882 0.82% 2.96%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 527 558 1.64% 1.87%
Total 32,208 29,800 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 33,081 people, 13,493 households, and 9,607 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 inhabitants per square mile (28/km2). There were 15,111 housing units at an average density of 33 units per square mile (13 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.86% White, 1.87% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,493 households, out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 21.60% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 90.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,083, and the median income for a family was $36,392. Males had a median income of $26,698 versus $19,712 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,105. About 9.90% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism

The Smyth County Tourism Association was formed in April 2006 to promote sustainable tourism development and manages the operation of the state-certified H.L. Bonham Regional Development and Tourism Center. The organization markets the area through https://visitsmythcountyva.com/

Education

Public high schools

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Politics

United States presidential election results for Smyth County, Virginia[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,963 77.55% 3,008 21.28% 165 1.17%
2016 9,750 75.64% 2,665 20.67% 475 3.69%
2012 8,379 65.58% 4,171 32.64% 227 1.78%
2008 7,817 63.54% 4,239 34.46% 246 2.00%
2004 7,906 64.18% 4,143 33.63% 270 2.19%
2000 6,580 56.05% 4,836 41.19% 324 2.76%
1996 4,966 42.74% 4,990 42.95% 1,663 14.31%
1992 6,128 47.39% 4,924 38.08% 1,879 14.53%
1988 7,446 63.49% 3,989 34.02% 292 2.49%
1984 8,593 67.08% 4,102 32.02% 116 0.91%
1980 6,033 50.86% 5,335 44.98% 493 4.16%
1976 5,032 47.29% 5,246 49.30% 363 3.41%
1972 6,409 72.27% 2,280 25.71% 179 2.02%
1968 5,297 54.32% 2,631 26.98% 1,823 18.70%
1964 3,830 48.16% 4,113 51.72% 9 0.11%
1960 4,256 59.62% 2,864 40.12% 18 0.25%
1956 4,771 66.23% 2,374 32.95% 59 0.82%
1952 3,694 64.98% 1,972 34.69% 19 0.33%
1948 2,897 60.08% 1,750 36.29% 175 3.63%
1944 2,726 54.53% 2,266 45.33% 7 0.14%
1940 2,134 46.70% 2,420 52.95% 16 0.35%
1936 2,067 46.75% 2,337 52.86% 17 0.38%
1932 1,843 43.92% 2,287 54.50% 66 1.57%
1928 2,751 58.68% 1,937 41.32% 0 0.00%
1924 2,232 53.50% 1,907 45.71% 33 0.79%
1920 1,883 55.16% 1,516 44.41% 15 0.44%
1916 1,321 53.63% 1,134 46.04% 8 0.32%
1912 609 27.46% 1,022 46.08% 587 26.47%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Smyth County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "About the Appalachian Region". Appalachian Regional Commission. Retrieved June 21, 2024.
  5. ^ Woodard, Colin. "The Maps That Show That City vs. Country Is Not Our Political Fault Line". New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Smyth County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Smyth County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 9, 2020.

36°50′N 81°32′W / 36.84°N 81.53°W / 36.84; -81.53