Soetomo
Portrait of Soetomo
Portrait, date unknown
Chairman of the
Great Indonesia Party
In office
24 December 1935 – 30 May 1938
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byWoerjaningrat
Personal details
Born
Soebroto

(1888-07-30)30 July 1888
Ngepeh, Loceret, Kediri Residency, Dutch East Indies
Died30 May 1938(1938-05-30) (aged 49)
Surabaya, Dutch East Indies
Political partyGreat Indonesia Party
Spouse
Everdina Broering
(m. 1917; died 1934)
Alma materAmsterdam University
Occupation
  • Physician
  • professor

Soetomo (born Soebroto; 30 July 1888 – 30 May 1938) was an Indonesian physician and nationalist. He was the co-founder of Budi Utomo, the first native political society in the Dutch East Indies, and led the Great Indonesia Party (Parindra) from 1935 until his death. Soetomo was declared a national hero by President Sukarno in 1961.

Biography

He was born in East Java, and went on to study medicine. While still studying, he was one of three founders of the Budi Utomo Javanese nationalist organisation. From 1919 to 1923, studied medicine at Amsterdam University and later married a Dutch woman. After returning from the Netherlands, he worked as a doctor in Sumatra and Surabaya. He also established a number of "study clubs" to raise awareness of nationalism. In 1935, he was one of the founders of Parindra, and led it until his death. After his death he was named a National Hero of Indonesia.[1][2][3][4][5]

References

  1. ^ Mirnawati (2012). Kumpulan Pahlawan Indonesia Terlengkap [Most Complete Collection of Indonesian Heroes] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: CIF. ISBN 978-979-788-343-0.
  2. ^ Suetomo, Raden; Van der Veur, Paul W; Soetomo, Raden, 1888-1938. Kenang-kenangan. 1987; Soetomo, Raden, 1888-1938. Poespita mantja nagara. 1987; Soetomo, Raden, 1888-1938. Poespa-rinontje. 1987 (1987), Toward a glorious Indonesia : reminiscences and observations of Dr. Soetomo, Ohio University Center for International Studies, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, ISBN 978-0-89680-142-4((citation)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Christie, Clive J (22 September 1988), "Toward A Glorious Indonesia: Reminiscences and Observations of Dr. Soetomo", Pacific Affairs, The University of British Columbia - Pacific Affairs, 61 (3): 551(3), doi:10.2307/2760507, ISSN 0030-851X, JSTOR 2760507
  4. ^ * Abeyasekere, Susan (1976). One Hand Clapping : Indonesian Nationalists and the Dutch 1939-1942. Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University. p. 12. ISBN 0909835381.
  5. ^ Cribb, Robert; Kahin, Audrey (2004). Historical Dictionary of Indonesia. Scarecrow Press. p. 422. ISBN 978-0810849358.