Bold decoy pellet
Bold decoy pellet

A sonar decoy is a device for decoying sonar. Most are released from submarines to act as a false target.

Submarine decoys

Bold launch tube, in the stern compartment of a type XXI U-boat
Bold launch tube, in the stern compartment of a type XXI U-boat

The first submarine decoys were the German Bold fitted to U-boats of World War II. These were a pellet of calcium hydride in a simple metal container. On contact with sea water, the calcium hydride decomposed to produce a trail of hydrogen gas bubbles that acted as a bubble curtain and reflected ASDIC impulses to produce a false target. The container trapped hydrogen and floated, with a crude spring valve to maintain buoyancy to keep it at a constant depth.

Later decoys, such as Sieglinde, were motorised and could deploy their false target away from the host submarine, increasing safety.

Torpedo decoys

Decoys were also used by surface ships to decoy the developing acoustic torpedoes. These were usually towed behind the host.

Example decoys

Bubble decoys

Reflective bubble targets

Hammer and explosive decoys

These were intended to swamp the listening device with noise

Signature decoys

Towed decoys

References

  1. ^ Gannon, Robert (2009). Hellions of the Deep. Penn State Press. pp. 132–133. ISBN 978-0271038407.