Sonqori
سؤنقؤر دیلی
Native toIran
RegionSonqor County
Native speakers
(undated figure of about 40,000)[1]
Turkic
Language codes
ISO 639-3(included in South Azerbaijani [azb])
Glottologsonq1234

Sonqori, also known as Sonqori Turkic, is a moribund Turkic dialect spoken in Sonqor (Sunqur), east of Kermānšāh, in a large valley separated from the rest of Kurdistan.[3]

According to the Turkologist Michael Knüppel, Sonqori is one of the Southern Oghuz dialects of Iran alongside Qashqai and Äynallu. He notes that K. H. Menges had already characterized Sonqori, together with Qashqai and Äynallu, as a transitional form between Azerbaijani and Khorasani Turkic.[2]

Turkologist Gerhard Doerfer identifies Sonqori as a possible dialect of Azerbaijani, or as a distinctive variety of Southern Oghuz/Afshar.[4][5] Ethnologue and Glottolog list it as a South Azerbaijani dialect.[6][7]

Knowledge of the dialect was scant prior to the expeditions of the University of Göttingen.[2]

About 40,000 speakers of Sonqori exist in the Sonqor area.[1]

Phonology

Consonant phonemes
  Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Plosive p~pʰ b~p t~tʰ d~t     k~kʰ ɡ~k q      
Affricate         t͡ʃ/t͡ʃʰ d͡ʒ/t͡ʃ            
Fricative f v~w s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ     h  
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ        
Flap     r                
Lateral     l                
Approximant         j            

Vowels

Vowels
Front Back
unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
Close i y ɯ u
Mid e ø o
Open æ ɑ ɒ

References

  1. ^ a b Borjian 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Knüppel 2000.
  3. ^ Knüppel 2000: "Next to Qašqāʾi and Äynallu, Sonqori is worth mentioning as another dialect of the Southern-Oghuz group."
  4. ^ Doerfer 1988.
  5. ^ Doerfer & Hesche 1989.
  6. ^ "Azerbaijani, South". Ethnologue. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Glottolog 4.7 - Sonqor". glottolog.org. Retrieved 14 February 2023.

Literature