South Sudan Air Force
Founded24 June 2008; 13 years ago (2008-06-24)
Country South Sudan
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
Size18 aircraft
Part ofSouth Sudan People's Defence Forces
HeadquartersJuba Air Base
Commanders
Commander-in-ChiefPresident Salva Kiir Mayardit
Commander of the Air ForceJames Kong Chol (since 15 December 2017) [1]
Insignia
Fin flash
Flag of South Sudan.svg
Aircraft flown
AttackMi-35
TrainerL-39 Albatross
TransportBeech 1900, Mi-172, Mi-17V-5

The South Sudan Air Force (SSAF), also previously known as the Sudan People's Air Force or Sudan People's Liberation Air Force, is the air force of the South Sudan People's Defense Forces (SSPDF) of South Sudan. The headquarters are located in Juba Air Base, Juba.

History

Sudan: 2008–2011

On 24 June 2008, the South Sudan Air Force was formally created by the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly, although it didn't have any aircraft at that time. The U.S. Air Force Special Operations School announced in July 2009 that Sudan participated in the Building Partner Aviation Capacity Course.[2] In May 2010, Major General Kuol Dim Kuol of the Sudan People's Liberation Army said: "SPLA has formed a nucleus air force and navy. Our pilots and engineers have been trained, and local support and administrative units will follow suit."[2]

On 8 August 2010, the South Sudanese government impounded a Mi-8, Mi-17 variant from SudanAir as an effort to stop smuggling of weapons in the South, a few days before delivery of the first SSAF Mi-17s.

British magazine Jane's Defence Weekly said in September 2010 that "Bloomberg News had reported earlier that the fleet consisted of nine Mi-17V-5 transport helicopters and one Mi-172 variant, purchased for a total US$75 million from Russia's Kazan Helicopters, in a contract negotiated in May 2007 for deliveries set to begin in March 2010."[3] The deal was reported to be worth US$75 million; deliveries of the first eight aircraft had taken place by December 2010, with the helicopters delivered to Juba Airport in Antonov An-124 transports, with the remaining two aircraft were delivered in January 2011.[4] Nine of the helicopters were Mi-17V-5s configured for transport, with the remaining aircraft being a Mi-172 configured for VIP transport.[4]

South Sudan: 2011–present

On 11 January 2011, President Salva Kiir launched the region's air force as the South Sudan Air Force in the presence of senior officials of the Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS) and foreign diplomats. The SPLA purchased its first batch of 10 Mil Mi-17 helicopters from Kazan, a Russian supplier, and ordered unarmed aircraft for transport purposes.[5]

On 13 September 2014, six air force military officers and engineers of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) loyal to South Sudanese president Salva Kiir Mayardit have joined the rebels or SPLM-IO, saying their decision to join the SPLM/A-in Opposition is a result of lack of diversity in the army of training opportunities and poor promotion policy.[6] The deserted SPLA personnel also said that the government of South Sudan used the air force to transport militias and SPLA regular soldiers who participated in the killing of innocent civilians in Juba late last year.

On 25 November 2015, the South Sudanese government launched an aerial campaign on rebel positions in a SPLA-IO's designated area in Mundri County of Western Equatoria State. It was said that the South Sudan Air Force unleashed helicopter gunships and attacked the designated cantonment area of the rebels.[7] The action was a violation of the ceasefire deal and the security arrangements signed by the two parties (GRSS and SPLA-IO).

Organisation

The air force is divided into 2 wings.

Key dates

Aircraft and bases

Current inventory

Two SPLA Mi-17 helicopters at Juba Airport
Two SPLA Mi-17 helicopters at Juba Airport

It is difficult to ascertain a list and number of aircraft types operated by the air force of South Sudan because of secrecy.

Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Transport
Antonov An-26 Soviet Union transport 2[8] One makes a forced landing on February 8, 2022 and loses a wing.[9]
Beechcraft 1900[10] United States Transport 1[11]
Helicopters
AW109 Italy utility 2[8]
Mil Mi-17 Russia VIP / utility Mi-172 / Mi-17V-5 8[8] 1 configured for VIP transport.
Mil Mi-24 Russia Attack Mi-35 6[8]
Trainer Aircraft
Aero L-39[12] Czech Republic Trainer/light attack 2

Aircraft orders 2010-2015

The first aircraft was received in February 2010, and the first helicopters from an initial order for 10 was received in December 2010.

Bases

Headquarters – Juba Air Base.

Air Force commanders

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2018)

References

  1. ^ a b "South Sudan president removes key officers in army reshuffle - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". sudantribune.com. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Creation of the South Sudan Air Force | aircraft.zurf.info". 12 February 2011. Archived from the original on 12 February 2011.
  3. ^ Lauren Gelfand, 'Confident South Sudan set to buy fleet of Mi-17 transport helos,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 10 September 2010
  4. ^ a b Blok, Ralph (April 2011). "Sudan People's Air Force takes shape with Mi-17s". Combat Aircraft. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan Publishing. 12 (4): 24. ISSN 2041-7470.
  5. ^ "South Sudan launches air force" Sudan Tribune Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  6. ^ "Welcome to southsudannewsagency.com". www.southsudannewsagency.com.
  7. ^ "Welcome to southsudannewsagency.com". www.southsudannewsagency.com.
  8. ^ a b c d "World Air Forces 2022". Flightglobal. 2022. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  9. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov An-26 SP-402 Agok Airstrip".
  10. ^ IISS 2013, p. 532.
  11. ^ "All-Time Aircraft Used List | South Sudan Air Force".
  12. ^ Binnie, Jeremy (12 September 2016). "South Sudan now flying L-39 jets". IHS Jane's 360. London. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  13. ^ APANEWS. "S/Sudanese leader reshuffles army - Apanews.net". apanews.net. Retrieved 17 June 2018.