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South Tyrolean Freedom
Süd-Tiroler Freiheit
LeaderEva Klotz
SecretarySven Knoll[1]
Spokesperson /
Legal Representative
Werner Thaler
FoundedMay 2007
Split fromUnion for South Tyrol
HeadquartersSt. Josef am See, 74
39052 Kaltern an der Weinstraße (Italy)
Youth wingYoung South Tyrolean Freedom
Membership (2021)4,535[2]
IdeologySeparatism
German minority interests
National conservatism[3]
Political positionRight-wing
European affiliationEuropean Free Alliance
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Provincial Council
2 / 35
Website
www.suedtiroler-freiheit.com

South Tyrolean Freedom (German: Süd-Tiroler Freiheit, STF) is a regionalist,[4] separatist[5] and national-conservative[5] political party in South Tyrol, Italy. The party, which is part of the South Tyrolean independence movement, seeks to represent the German-speaking population and [6] proposes the secession of South Tyrol from Italy and its reunification with the State of Tyrol within Austria.[6] Its founding leader was Eva Klotz.

History

Banner used in protests helmed by South Tyrolean Freedom.
Banner used in protests helmed by South Tyrolean Freedom.

The South Tyrolean Freedom emerged as a split from the Union for South Tyrol (UfS) in May 2007.[6][7] On 8 June 2007 it was notarially founded in Brixen. The founding members were Herbert Campidell, Eva Klotz, Sven Knoll, Reinhold Ladurner, Roland Lang, Sepp Mitterhofer, Werner Thaler and Dietmar Zwerger.

In mid 2007, the party presented a provocative poster campaign with the slogan Süd-Tirol ist nicht Italien! ("South Tyrol is not Italy") and the Austrian flag as background.[8] A sign with the same content was set up at the Brenner Pass border, at last in June 2008.[9]

In April 2009, the STF became a full member of the European Free Alliance, a pan-European organization of regionalist parties.[10] Gudrun Kofler from the STF Youth (Junge Süd-Tiroler Freiheit) was elected as Vice President of the EFA Youth.

In January 2012, it was reported that the party had reached 2,800 members, a lot more than UfS in its best days.[11]

In the 2013 provincial election, the STF won 7.2%, its record high so far, resulting in three provincial councillors.[12]

In November 2014 Klotz, who had served in the Provincial Council for 31 consecutive years (for SH, UfS and STF), announced her resignation from the assembly in order to take care of her husband, who was severely ill.[13][14][15]

In the 2018 provincial election, the party obtained 6.0% of the vote and two provincial councillors.

In the municipal elections in September 2020, South Tyrolean Freedom competed in 29 South Tyrolean municipalities with 140 candidates. It was able to increase its seats from 41 to 49.[16]

Ideology

The STF sees itself as a "liberal-patriotic" party aimed at protecting the German-speaking population of South Tyrol. The party claims South Tyroleans' right to self-determination and to conduct a referendum in order to decide whether they want to be part of Italy or the Austrian state of Tyrol. The party programme also emphasizes the protection of the environment, the defense of family values, a moderately liberal economic policy and the concept of Europe of the regions.[17]

Election results

Provincial Council

Landtag of South Tyrol
Election year Votes % Seats +/− Leader
2008 14,888 4.9
2 / 35
2013 20,736 7.2
3 / 35
Increase 1
2018 16,927 6.0
2 / 35
Decrease 1
Sven Knoll

Leadership

References

  1. ^ "Landesleitung".
  2. ^ https://suedtiroler-freiheit.com
  3. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "South Tyrol/Italy". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  4. ^ Davide Vampa (2016). The Regional Politics of Welfare in Italy, Spain and Great Britain. Springer. p. 63. ISBN 978-3-319-39007-9.
  5. ^ a b Parties and Elections in Europe
  6. ^ a b c Andrea Carla (2016). "Tensions and Challenges between New and Old minorities: Political Party Discourses on Migration in South Tyrol". In Roberta Medda-Windischer; Patricia Popelier (eds.). Pro-independence Movements and Immigration: Discourse, Policy and Practice. BRILL. p. 70. ISBN 978-90-04-29439-4.
  7. ^ http://www.stol.it/nachrichten/artikel.asp?KatID=fa&ArtID=93075[dead link]
  8. ^ "Südtirol aktuell" (PDF). Suedstern.org. July 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Umstrittene "Süd-Tirol-Tafel" wieder am Brenner aufgestellt". Vienna.at. 15 June 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Member Parties". E-f-a.org. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Sudtirol, Eva Klotz Triplica I Suoi Iscritti - L'Indipendenza". Lindipendenza.com. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  12. ^ "Referendum provinciale confermativo 2014 - Provincia autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige". Eleziono.provincia.bz.it. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Eva Klotz si è dimessa dal consiglio provinciale: Mio marito è malato, voglio stargli vicino - Cronaca - Alto Adige". Archived from the original on 2014-11-20. Retrieved 2014-11-18.
  14. ^ "Südtirol: Eva Klotz steigt aus Landtag aus - derStandard.at". DER STANDARD. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  15. ^ Simon, Hackspiel (27 November 2014). "Verfechterin der Selbstbestimmung in Südtirol: Eva Klotz tritt zurück". Tiroler Tageszeitung Online. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Elezioni comunali 2020 - Alto Adige / Gemeindewahlen 2020 - Südtirol". www.elezionicomunali.bz.it. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  17. ^ "15. Februar 2016: Einladung zum Vortrag "Dorfstraße = via del Paese, Dorfstraße ... ?"". Süd-Tiroler Freiheit. 10 February 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2019.