This article is missing information about the climate of the region. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. (March 2019)
General map of Russia without occupied Ukrainian territories, showing Southern Russia in color (the Southern Federal District in blue and the North Caucasian Federal District in red).

Southern Russia or the South of Russia (Russian: Юг России, IPA: [juk rɐˈsʲiɪ]) is a colloquial term for the southernmost geographic portion of European Russia generally covering the Southern Federal District and the North Caucasian Federal District.[1]

The term does not conform to any official areas of the Russian Federation as designated by the Russian Classification on Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO).


Distribution of Cossacks in Russia

The Caucasus has been inhabited for millennia. Eastern Slavic tribes, like the Antes, inhabited Southern Russia at least from the 3rd century.[2] Southern Russia played an important role in the influence of Byzantine culture on Russia. Persian culture has also left its traces in Southern Russia.[3] At the beginning of the second millennium, between Volga and Don, Turkic tribes established in the South of Russia Tatar states. According to historical sources, the Russian lands in Southern Russia adopted the Islamic faith after contact with the Mongols.[4]

During the Russian Civil War (1917–1922), a territory called South Russia briefly existed from 1919 to 1920, which spanned the southern parts of the Russian Empire, including portions of Ukraine. In Soviet historiography, it also was referred to as "White South" in reference to the White Army that fought the Bolsheviks there along with the Armed Forces of South Russia and the Volunteer Army.[citation needed]

General area

Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the area of Southern Russia spans two of the nine federal districts of Russia containing 19 federal constituent entities, six of which are disputed with Ukraine:

In relation to the official economic regions of Russia, most of Southern Russia is included in the North Caucasus economic region, with the exception of the Astrakhan Oblast, the Republic of Kalmykia and the Volgograd Oblast, which are part of the Volga economic region. References to "Southern Russia" can be found in media or news portals devoted to the area. Newspapers and websites like Rossiyskaya Gazeta and Vedomosti have sections or tags for the area.[5][6]

See also


  1. ^ a b Annexed by Russia in 2014; recognized internationally as a part of Ukraine.
  2. ^ Recognized internationally as a part of Ukraine.
  1. ^ Yevgeny Popov (9 December 2012). "Кто подрывает юг России" [Who Controls Southern Russia?]. Russia-1 (in Russian). Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  2. ^ Hamilton, George Heard (1983). The Art and Architecture of Russia. New York, N.Y. : Penguin. pp. 16. ISBN 0140561064.
  3. ^ Rostovtsev, M. (1921). "South Russia in the Prehistoric and Classical Period". The American Historical Review. 26 (2): 203–224. doi:10.2307/1835935. JSTOR 1835935.
  4. ^ Herberstein, Siegmund Frhr von. (1975). Moskowia. Kiepenheuer. pp. 6–7. OCLC 251498793.
  5. ^ "Юг России" [Southern Russia]. Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  6. ^ "Юг России" [Southern Russia]. Vedomosti (in Russian). Retrieved 30 January 2015.

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