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Soyuz 38
Soviet postage stamp commemorating the Soyuz 38 mission
COSPAR ID1980-075A
SATCAT no.11977
Mission duration7 days, 20 hours, 43 minutes, 24 seconds
Orbits completed124
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz 7K-T
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass6,800 kilograms (15,000 lb)
Crew size2
MembersYuri Romanenko
Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez
Start of mission
Launch dateSeptember 18, 1980, 19:11:03 (1980-09-18UTC19:11:03Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing dateSeptember 26, 1980, 15:54:27 (1980-09-26UTC15:54:28Z) UTC
Landing site175 km SE of Dzhezkazgan
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude199.7 kilometres (124.1 mi)
Apogee altitude273.5 kilometres (169.9 mi)
Inclination51.63 degrees
Period88.194 minutes
Docking with Salyut 6
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)

Soyuz 38 was a human spaceflight mission conducted by the Soviet Union during September, 1980.[1] The Soyuz spacecraft brought two visiting crew members to the Salyut 6 space station, one of whom was an Intercosmos cosmonaut from Cuba.


Position Crew
Commander Yuri Romanenko
Second spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez
Only spaceflight
Cuba Cuba

Backup crew

Position Crew
Commander Yevgeni Khrunov
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut José Armando López Falcón
Cuba Cuba

Mission parameters

Mission highlights

12th expedition to Salyut 6. 7th international crew. Carried Intercosmos cosmonaut from Cuba. The Soyuz 38 docking occurred in darkness. As the spacecraft approached Salyut 6, the crew on the space station could see only its “headlights.” Ryumin filmed ignition and operation of the transport's main engine. Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez of Cuba and Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko docked without incident.

See also


  1. ^ The mission report is available here: