Daytona International Speedway is home to various auto racing events
Daytona International Speedway is home to various auto racing events

The U.S. state of Florida has three National Football League teams, two Major League Baseball teams, two National Basketball Association teams, two National Hockey League teams, two Major League Soccer teams and 13 NCAA Division I college teams.

Florida gained its first permanent major-league professional sports team in 1966 when the American Football League added the Miami Dolphins. The state of Florida has given professional sports franchises some subsidies in the form of tax breaks since 1991.[1]

By sport

American football

Raymond James Stadium

Miami's first entry into the American Football League was the Miami Dolphins, which competed in the fourth AFL league from 1966 to 1969. In 1970 the Dolphins joined the National Football League when the AFL–NFL merger, agreed to in 1966, was finalized.[2] The team made its first Super Bowl appearance in Super Bowl VI, but lost to the Dallas Cowboys. The following year, the Dolphins completed the NFL's only perfect season culminating in a Super Bowl win. The 1972 Dolphins were the third NFL team to accomplish a perfect regular season, and won Super Bowl VIII, Miami also appeared in Super Bowl XVII and Super Bowl XIX, losing both games. The Dolphins are the oldest major league professional sports team in Florida.[2]

The Tampa Bay Buccaneers began in 1976 as an expansion team of the NFL.[3] They struggled at first, losing their first 26 games in a row to set a league record for futility. After a brief taste of success in the late 1970s, the Bucs again returned to their losing ways, and at one point lost 10+ games for 12 seasons in a row. The hiring of Tony Dungy in 1996 started an improving trend that eventually led to the team's victory in Super Bowl XXXVII in 2003 under coach Jon Gruden. In Super Bowl LV, the Bucs became the first NFL team to host and play in the Super Bowl, where they defeated the Kansas City Chiefs 31-9.[3]

The Jacksonville Jaguars joined the NFL as an expansion team in the 1995 season; they play their home games at TIAA Bank Field.[4]

The Tampa Bay Vipers began play in the XFL in February 2020; they play their home games at Raymond James Stadium.[5]

The World Football League featured the Florida Blazers, Jacksonville Sharks and Jacksonville Express, whereas the United States Football League included the Tampa Bay Bandits, Jacksonville Bulls and Orlando Renegades. The Orlando Rage played in the original XFL in 2001, and the Orlando Apollos played in the Alliance of American Football in 2019.

The Miami metro area has hosted the Super Bowl a total of eleven times (six Super Bowls at Hard Rock Stadium, including Super Bowl LIV and five at the Miami Orange Bowl), tying New Orleans for the most games.[6] Tampa has hosted five Super Bowls: Super Bowl XVIII (1984), Super Bowl XXV (1991), Super Bowl XXXV (2001), Super Bowl XLIII (2009), and Super Bowl LV (2020). The first two events were held at Tampa Stadium, and the other three at Raymond James Stadium. In 2005, Jacksonville hosted Super Bowl XXXIX.

The Orange Bowl is a major college football bowl, held at the Miami metropolitan area since 1935, and is currently a member of the College Football Playoff's New Year's Six.

Other college bowl games in Florida include the Boca Raton Bowl in Boca Raton, the Cheez-It Bowl, Citrus Bowl, and Cure Bowl in Orlando, the Gasparilla Bowl and Outback Bowl in Tampa, and the Gator Bowl in Jacksonville.

Jacksonville traditionally hosts the Florida–Georgia game, an annual college football game between the University of Florida and the University of Georgia since 1933.

Baseball

Steinbrenner Field, used by the Tampa Tarpons, FCL Yankees, and New York Yankees spring training
Steinbrenner Field, used by the Tampa Tarpons, FCL Yankees, and New York Yankees spring training

Florida has a rich baseball history and has long been home to minor league teams and spring training.

In 1993, the Miami Marlins became the first Major League Baseball team to call Florida home. They won the World Series in 1997 and 2003.[7]

The Tampa Bay Rays began playing in 1998 at Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg. After a decade of futility, the Rays won the 2008 American League Pennant and made it to the World Series but lost to the Philadelphia Phillies. The team won the 2020 AL Pennant and made it back to the World Series but lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers.[8]

15 of the 30 Major League Baseball teams conduct spring training in the state, with teams informally organized into the Grapefruit League. Throughout MLB history, other teams have held spring training in Florida but now hold spring training in Arizona's Cactus League.[9]

Every Grapefruit League team also operates a minor league team in the rookie-level Florida Complex League and holds their spring training at that facility. Many of these teams also have an affiliate in Low-A Southeast (as do the Cincinnati Reds, who are the only non-Grapefruit League team with a minor league affiliate in Florida). Two teams have Double A affiliates based in Florida.[9]

Minor league baseball teams in Florida include:[9]

Florida Complex League

Team Location MLB Affiliation
FCL Astros West Palm Beach Houston Astros
FCL Blue Jays Dunedin Toronto Blue Jays
FCL Braves North Port Atlanta Braves
FCL Cardinals Jupiter St. Louis Cardinals
FCL Marlins Jupiter Miami Marlins
FCL Mets Port St. Lucie New York Mets
FCL Nationals West Palm Beach Washington Nationals
FCL Orioles Black Sarasota Baltimore Orioles
FCL Orioles Orange
FCL Phillies Clearwater Philadelphia Phillies
FCL Pirates Black Bradenton Pittsburgh Pirates
FCL Pirates Gold
FCL Rays Port Charlotte Tampa Bay Rays
FCL Red Sox Fort Myers Boston Red Sox
FCL Tigers East Lakeland Detroit Tigers
FCL Tigers West
FCL Twins Fort Myers Minnesota Twins
FCL Yankees Tampa New York Yankees

Low-A Southeast

Team MLB affiliation
Bradenton Marauders Pittsburgh Pirates
Clearwater Threshers Philadelphia Phillies
Daytona Tortugas Cincinnati Reds
Dunedin Blue Jays Toronto Blue Jays
Fort Myers Mighty Mussels Minnesota Twins
Jupiter Hammerheads Miami Marlins
Lakeland Flying Tigers Detroit Tigers
Palm Beach Cardinals St. Louis Cardinals
St. Lucie Mets New York Mets
Tampa Tarpons New York Yankees

Class AA

Team MLB Affiliation
Jacksonville Jumbo Shrimp Miami Marlins
Pensacola Blue Wahoos Minnesota Twins

Basketball

Before Florida had its first NBA franchise, the Miami Floridians, later in their history known as The Floridians, played in the American Basketball Association from 1968 through 1972.

The Miami Heat of the National Basketball Association was formed in 1988 as an expansion team. They have won three league championships (in 2006, 2012 and 2013), plus six conference titles.[10]

The Orlando Magic began playing in NBA in 1989 as an expansion franchise. They have won the Eastern Conference championships in 1995 and 2009.[11]

In 2020, the NBA decided to finish the delayed NBA season in a bubble in the ESPN Wide World of Sports in Orlando, Florida. All of the teams relocated to Walt Disney World and played their games there.[12]

Due to the travel restricts derived from the COVID-19 Pandemic, the Toronto Raptors temporarily relocated to Tampa, playing their home games at Amalie Arena.[13]

Florida also had two WNBA teams: the Orlando Miracle (1999-2002) and Miami Sol (2000-2002).

Ice hockey

Amalie Arena

The Miami Screaming Eagles co-founded the World Hockey Association in 1971, but never played due to a lack of a suitable arena.[14]

The Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League was founded in 1993 as an expansion team. It originally played at the Miami Arena, and moved to the BB&T Center in 1998. They have made one appearance in the Stanley Cup Finals in 1996 but were swept by the Colorado Avalanche.[15]

The Tampa Bay Lightning was established in 1992, and currently play their home games in the Amalie Arena, located in downtown Tampa. In 2004, the team won their first Stanley Cup. In the 2019–20 season the Lightning won their second Stanley Cup, and won a third the following season. The Lightning made the Eastern Conference Final in 2011, 2017, and 2018 and were Eastern Conference Champions in 2015.[16]

Florida has three ECHL minor hockey league teams – the Nashville Predators affiliate Florida Everblades, New York Rangers affiliate Jacksonville Icemen, and Tampa Bay Lightning affiliate Orlando Solar Bears.[17]

Soccer

Two metro areas in Florida — Orlando and Miami — field a Major League Soccer team as well as other professional soccer teams. The Tampa area formerly fielded an MLS team, and today has a minor league professional team.

After over a decade without an MLS team, Orlando City SC joined the league in 2015 after five seasons as a second-level team.[18] The team played its first two MLS seasons at the venue now known as Camping World Stadium before opening Orlando City Stadium, now known as Exploria Stadium, in 2017.[19] Orlando City's reserve side, Orlando City B, began play in the league now known as the USL Championship in 2016, suspended play after the 2017 season, and resumed play in 2019 as a founding member of the third-level USL League One. Orlando City would withdraw City B from League One after the 2020 season; City B did not play in the 2021 season, but will resume in 2022 as a founding member of another third-level league, MLS Next Pro.

In 2016, the Orlando Pride, operated by Orlando City, began play in the National Women's Soccer League. They have played at the same venue as their parent club throughout their history ever since.[20]

Miami's MLS team, Inter Miami CF, is partly owned by David Beckham and began league play in 2020.[21] Inter Miami placed its own reserve side, Fort Lauderdale CF, in USL League One in 2020; that team would remain in USL1 until moving to MLS Next Pro in 2022.

Miami's other professional team, Miami FC, was founded in 2016 and currently play in the USL Championship.[22] The team initially played in the North American Soccer League, then transitioned into the National Premier Soccer League, before a season in the National Independent Soccer Association, before making the jump to the Division II USL Championship where it plays today.[23]

The Miami Fusion played in MLS from 1998 to 2001, winning the Supporters' Shield in their last season before folding.[24]

The Tampa Bay Rowdies, who began play in 2010 as F.C. Tampa Bay, currently play in the USL Championship (known before 2019 as the United Soccer League), joining the league after leaving the North American Soccer League in 2016.[25][26] In this time, they've won one championship in the 2012 North American Soccer League season. The Rowdies were also named co-league champions in 2020 after winning the USL Regular Season title and Eastern Conference Championship, but the title game was canceled due to COVID-19.[27] They were Eastern Conference Champions again in 2021, but lost in the title game.[28]

Tampa Bay previously fielded two top-level soccer teams. The Tampa Bay Rowdies of the original North American Soccer League began play in 1975, drawing good crowds and winning Soccer Bowl '75 as well as some other minor titles, but the team and the league ultimately folded.[29] The current Rowdies wear two stars on their badge, one of which is to honor the original clubs' Soccer Bowl '75 victory. The Tampa Bay Mutiny operated in MLS from the league's inaugural 1996 season until the team folded after the 2001 MLS season.[24] They won the 1996 MLS Supporters' Shield.[30]

Motorsports

NASCAR (headquartered in Daytona Beach) begins all three of its major auto racing series in Florida at Daytona International Speedway in February, featuring the Daytona 500, and ends all three Series in November at Homestead-Miami Speedway. Daytona also has the Coke Zero 400 NASCAR race weekend around Independence Day in July. The 24 Hours of Daytona is one of the world's most prestigious endurance auto races.

The 12 Hours of Sebring sports car endurance race is the second largest sporting event in the State of Florida. Each year drawing a total of over 100,000+ fans. It is held in Sebring, Florida at the Sebring International Raceway on the third week of March each year. It is one of the most prestigious car races in the world. Sebring International Raceway's legendary 12-hour endurance race was voted the fourth best auto race of the world's motorsports races in the USAToday 10Best competition. First run in 1952, the world's leading drivers and manufacturers have competed at the 12 Hours of Sebring for over six decades. The race attracts drivers and fans from all over the world.

The Grand Prix of St. Petersburg and Grand Prix of Miami have held IndyCar races as well.

The Gainesville Raceway hosts the annual Gatornationals, one of the major NHRA drag events.

Other sports

The PGA of America is headquartered in Palm Beach Gardens, the PGA Tour is headquartered in Ponte Vedra Beach, and the LPGA is headquartered in Daytona Beach.[31][32]

The Players Championship, WGC-Cadillac Championship, Arnold Palmer Invitational, Honda Classic and Valspar Championship are PGA Tour rounds.

The Miami Open is an ATP Tour Masters 1000 and WTA Premier Mandatory tennis event, whereas the Delray Beach International Tennis Championships is an ATP World Tour 250 event.

Florida is a major horse and greyhound racing market. Notable horse racetracks include Gulfstream Park, Calder, Hialeah Park, Pompano Park and Tampa Bay Downs, whereas notable greyhound racetracks include Big Easy Casino and Derby Lane.

Minor league sports

Several minor league baseball, football, basketball, soccer and indoor football teams are based in Florida.

Previously, the Arena Football League had four different teams in Florida: the Florida Bobcats (1993-2001), Orlando Predators (1991-2016), Tampa Bay Storm (1991-2017) and Jacksonville Sharks (2010-2016).

College sports

Florida's universities have a number of notable National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I programs, especially the Florida State Seminoles and Miami Hurricanes of the Atlantic Coast Conference, and the Florida Gators of the Southeastern Conference. Other Division I teams include the FIU Panthers, Florida Atlantic Owls, North Florida Ospreys, South Florida Bulls, and UCF Knights.

By metro area

Miami

Main article: Sports in Miami

Miami's main four sports teams are the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League, the Miami Heat of the National Basketball Association, the Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball, and the Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League. Miami is also the home to Inter Miami CF, the Major League Soccer expansion team led by David Beckham. Miami's major sports teams have won two Super Bowls, three NBA titles, and two World Series'.

The Miami area also has three NCAA Division I teams: the FIU Panthers in Miami, Florida Atlantic Owls in Boca Raton, and the Miami Hurricanes in Coral Gables.

Previously, the Miami Sol played at the Women's National Basketball Association from 2000 to 2002.

Tampa Bay

Main article: Sports in the Tampa Bay area

Tampa Bay is represented by three major sports teams: the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League, the Tampa Bay Lightning of the National Hockey League, and the Tampa Bay Rays of MLB, but is also home to USL Championship's Tampa Bay Rowdies and the Tampa Bay Vipers of the XFL. Tampa's major sports teams have won two Super Bowls and three Stanley Cups.

The Tampa Bay area is also home to four Minor League Baseball teams: the Bradenton Marauders, Clearwater Threshers, Dunedin Blue Jays, and Tampa Tarpons. The South Florida Bulls are Tampa's only Division I college team, though the area has several Division II teams, most notably the Tampa Spartans.

Tampa was previously the home of the Tampa Bay Storm of the Arena Football League and the Tampa Bay Mutiny of Major League Soccer.

Orlando

Main article: Sports in Orlando, Florida

Orlando is the home city of two major league professional sports teams — the Orlando Magic of the National Basketball Association (NBA), and Orlando City SC of Major League Soccer (MLS). Also, the Orlando Pride has competed in the National Women's Soccer League since 2016.

Orlando also has two minor league professional teams — the Orlando Solar Bears ECHL ice hockey team, and the Orlando Anarchy of the Women's Football Alliance. From 1991 to 2016, it was also home to the Orlando Predators of the Arena Football League and during 2019 it was home of the Orlando Apollos of the Alliance of American Football.

In addition, two NCAA Division I teams call the Orlando area home: the Stetson Hatters (who are based in DeLand) and the UCF Knights.

From 1999 to 2002, the Orlando Miracle competed in the Women's National Basketball Association before relocating to the Mohegan Sun casino in Connecticut as the Connecticut Sun.

None of Orlando's major sports teams have won any championships, but minor teams have collectively won two ArenaBowls (1998, 2000), two titles in ice hockey, three titles in minor league baseball, and two titles in soccer.

Jacksonville

Main article: Sports in Jacksonville

Jacksonville is home to one major league sports team, the Jacksonville Jaguars of the NFL. They also have several minor league teams including the Jacksonville Jumbo Shrimp for baseball, Jacksonville Sharks for indoor football, and Jacksonville Icemen for hockey.

Jacksonville's two NCAA Division I teams are the Jacksonville Dolphins and the North Florida Ospreys.

Teams

Main article: Sports teams in Florida

Major league professional teams

Team League Venue Location Founded Championships
Florida Panthers National Hockey League FLA Live Arena Sunrise 1993 0
Inter Miami CF Major League Soccer DRV PNK Stadium (temporary)
Miami Freedom Park (future)
Fort Lauderdale (temporary)
Miami (future)
2018 0
Jacksonville Jaguars National Football League TIAA Bank Field Jacksonville 1995 0
Miami Dolphins National Football League Hard Rock Stadium Miami Gardens 1966 2 (1973, 1974)
Miami Heat National Basketball Association FTX Arena Miami 1988 3 (2006, 2012, 2013)
Miami Marlins Major League Baseball LoanDepot Park Miami 1993 2 (1997, 2003)
Orlando City SC Major League Soccer Exploria Stadium Orlando 2015 0
Orlando Magic National Basketball Association Amway Center Orlando 1989 0
Orlando Pride National Women's Soccer League Exploria Stadium Orlando 2016 0
Tampa Bay Buccaneers National Football League Raymond James Stadium Tampa 1976 2 (2003, 2021)
Tampa Bay Lightning National Hockey League Amalie Arena Tampa 1992 3 (2004, 2020, 2021)
Tampa Bay Rays Major League Baseball Tropicana Field St. Petersburg 1998 0

NCAA Division I college teams

School Team City Conference Team NCAA Titles[33][a]
Bethune-Cookman University Wildcats Daytona Beach Southwestern Athletic Conference (FCS) 0
University of Central Florida Knights Orlando American Athletic Conference (FBS)
(Big 12 Conference in 2023)
0
University of Florida Gators Gainesville Southeastern Conference (FBS) 36
Florida A&M University Rattlers and Lady Rattlers Tallahassee Southwestern Athletic Conference (FCS) 1
Florida Atlantic University Owls Boca Raton Conference USA (FBS)
(American Athletic Conference in 2023)
0
Florida Gulf Coast University Eagles Fort Myers ASUN Conference (non-football member) 0
Florida International University Panthers Miami Conference USA (FBS) 2[b]
Florida State University Seminoles Tallahassee Atlantic Coast Conference (FBS) 10
Jacksonville University Dolphins Jacksonville ASUN Conference (non-football member) 0
University of Miami Hurricanes Coral Gables Atlantic Coast Conference (FBS) 5
University of North Florida Ospreys and Lady Ospreys Jacksonville ASUN Conference (non-football member) 1[c]
University of South Florida Bulls Tampa American Athletic Conference (FBS) 1[d]
Stetson University Hatters DeLand ASUN Conference (non-football member)
Pioneer Football League (FCS)
0
  1. ^ Does not include championships won in FBS football as the NCAA does not award titles in that sport. Also does not include varsity team titles won outside of NCAA competition, such as AIAW titles from before the NCAA sponsored women's sports.
  2. ^ Both of these titles were won while FIU was in NCAA Division II.
  3. ^ Title was won while UNF was in NCAA Division II.
  4. ^ Title was won while USF was in NCAA Division II.

Sports venues

Stadiums and arenas

Stadium City Capacity Type Tenants Opened
Ben Hill Griffin Stadium[34] Gainesville 88,548 Football Florida Gators 1930
Bobby Bowden Field
at Doak Campbell Stadium
Tallahassee 79,560 Football Florida State Seminoles 1950
Camping World Stadium Orlando 65,194 Football Florida Classic, Citrus Bowl, Camping World Bowl 1936
TIAA Bank Field Jacksonville 67,246 Football Jacksonville Jaguars
Florida vs. Georgia Classic
Gator Bowl
1949
Raymond James Stadium Tampa 65,857 Football Tampa Bay Buccaneers
Tampa Bay Vipers
South Florida Bulls
Outback Bowl
1998
Hard Rock Stadium Miami Gardens 65,326 Football Miami Dolphins, Miami Hurricanes;
Orange Bowl;
Miami Open (tennis) (from 2019)
1987
FBC Mortgage Stadium Orlando 44,206 Football UCF Knights 2007
LoanDepot Park[35] Miami 37,000 Baseball Miami Marlins 2012
Tropicana Field[36] St. Petersburg 36,973 Baseball Tampa Bay Rays
Gasparilla Bowl
1990
FAU Stadium Boca Raton 30,000 Football Florida Atlantic Owls, Boca Raton Bowl 2011
Bragg Memorial Stadium Tallahassee 25,500 Football Florida A&M Rattlers 1957
Exploria Stadium Orlando 25,500 Soccer Orlando City SC, Orlando Pride, Cure Bowl 2017
FLA Live Arena Sunrise 20,737 Arena Florida Panthers 1998
Amalie Arena Tampa 20,500 Arena Tampa Bay Lightning 1996
Riccardo Silva Stadium Miami 20,000 Football FIU Panthers, Miami FC 1995
FTX Arena Miami 19,600 Arena Miami Heat 1999
Amway Center Orlando 18,846 Arena Orlando Magic
Orlando Solar Bears
2010
DRV PNK Stadium Fort Lauderdale 18,000 Soccer Inter Miami CF
Fort Lauderdale CF
2020
VyStar Veterans
Memorial Arena
Jacksonville 14,091 Arena Jacksonville Icemen
Jacksonville Sharks
2003
Donald L. Tucker Center Tallahassee 12,100 Arena Florida State Seminoles 1981
Expo Hall Tampa 11,700 Arena 1976
Silver Spurs Arena Kissimmee 10,500 Arena 2003
Yuengling Center Tampa 10,411 Arena South Florida Bulls 1980
Jostens Center Lake Buena Vista 10,000 Arena 2008
Addition Financial Arena Orlando 9,465 Arena UCF Knights 2007
Ocean Center Daytona Beach 8,362 Arena 1985
Pensacola Bay Center Pensacola 8,300 Arena Pensacola Ice Flyers 1985
RP Funding Center Lakeland 8,178 Arena Florida Tropics SC
Lakeland Magic
Tampa Bay Tornadoes
1974
Watsco Center Coral Gables 7,972 Arena Miami Hurricanes 2003
Al Lang Stadium St. Petersburg 7,500 Soccer Tampa Bay Rowdies 1947
Hertz Arena Estero 7,128 Arena Florida Everblades 1998

Auto racing tracks

See also

References

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  3. ^ a b "Tampa Bay Buccaneers Team Facts". ProFootballHOF.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  4. ^ "Jacksonville Jaguars". profootballhof.com. Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
  5. ^ "XFL 2020: As the relaunch nears, answers to your burning questions".
  6. ^ "Super Bowl Stadiums | Pro Football Hall of Fame Official Site". www.profootballhof.com. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
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  8. ^ "Tampa Bay Rays Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
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  12. ^ Reynolds, Tim (June 4, 2020). "NBA Board of Governors approves 22-team restart of 2019–20 season". NBA.com. Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  13. ^ "Toronto Raptors to play home games in Tampa to open NBA season". ESPN.com. November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  14. ^ "Miami Screaming Eagles". Archived from the original on 2017-06-05.
  15. ^ "Panthers History Highlights". Florida Panthers Virtual Vault. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  16. ^ "Tampa Bay Lightning 2021-22 media guide" (PDF).((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ "Team Directory". www.echl.com. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  18. ^ "Major League Soccer names Orlando City SC as 21st franchise, set for 2015 debut". Major League Soccer. November 19, 2013. Archived from the original on November 23, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  19. ^ "Orange County Approves Funding for Orlando Soccer Stadium". orlandocitysoccer.com. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
  20. ^ Tenorio, Paul (October 20, 2015). "Orlando City set to announce National Women's Soccer League franchise". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  21. ^ "MLS Miami expansion team unveils name, crest". MLSSoccer.com. MLS Digital. September 5, 2018. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  22. ^ "MIAMI FC BECOMES 12TH NASL CLUB". North American Soccer League. May 20, 2015. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  23. ^ Kauffman, Michelle. "Miami FC moves to USL Championship, returns to FIU Riccardo Silva Stadium. Here's why". Miami Herald.
  24. ^ a b "Fusion and Mutiny fold". BBC News. January 9, 2002.
  25. ^ "The Rowdies Return". Rowdiessoccer.com. Archived from the original on January 9, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  26. ^ "USL Expands with Additions of Tampa Bay Rowdies, Ottawa Fury FC". United Soccer League (USL). October 25, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  27. ^ USLChampionship com Staff (2020-10-31). "USL Championship Final Cancelled, Season Concludes with Tampa Bay, Phoenix as Conference Title-Winners". USL Championship. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  28. ^ Parker, Mark (2021-11-29). "Orange County dashes Rowdies' hopes for title". St Pete Catalyst. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  29. ^ "Rowdies decide to fold sales falls through". St. Petersburg Times. 1 February 1994. p. 1C. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  30. ^ "Tampa Bay Mutiny – Sports Ecyclopedia". Retrieved 2021-08-10.
  31. ^ Mafi, Nick (January 19, 2018). "Foster + Partners Unveils Its Stunning Design of the New PGA Tour Headquarters". Architectural Digest. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  32. ^ "FAQ | LPGA | Ladies Professional Golf Association". LPGA. Retrieved 2021-12-01.
  33. ^ "Championships summary through Jan. 1, 2022" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-03-20. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
  34. ^ "www.gatorzone.com". www.gatorzone.com. Archived from the original on 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
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  36. ^ "tampabay.rays.mlb.com". tampabay.rays.mlb.com. Archived from the original on 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2013-05-12.