Coat of arms
Location in Belgium
|• Mayor||Luc Delvaux (EC-CDH-MR)|
|• Governing party/ies||EC-CDH-MR|
|• Total||74.28 km2 (28.68 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
Sprimont is a municipality of Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region and Liège Province.
The municipality encompasses the following places: Dolembreux, Gomzé-Andoumont, Rouvreux, Louveigné, Banneux, Damré, Florzé, Lincé, Ogné, Presseux, and Rivage.
On January 1, 2006, Sprimont had a total population of 12,782. The total area is 74.2 square kilometres (28.6 sq mi) which gives a population density of 172 inhabitants per km2.
Sprimont is an ancient name, the earliest written records of which date from 855 and 856 AD. These are located in the Abbey of Stavelot.
The etymology of Sprimont is uncertain. A priori, it seems to be the name of a place; however some historians propose that it may derive from a person's name.
Spellings of Sprimont may be different, depending on (1) the written language, and (2) the time period. Since Sprimont is more than 1,100 years old, a variety of different spellings are to be expected. For example, Ernst cites "Sprismonte" in 888 AD, and Martine & Duraud cite "Sprismont" in 1049. However, since about 1000 AD "Sprimont" seems to be exclusively used. In Bulletin de l'Institute Archeologique Liégeoise (vol. VII), there are further references to the Teutonic Spir-Boum, Spereboum, Sper-Boun and the Frisian Spiri, Spere, Spercode: fry promoted to code: fy , as well as the Latin sorbuscode: lat promoted to code: la . These translate as 'speer', 'hasta,' and 'lance.'[clarification needed]
There is a consensus that the root is of a Latin origin. If this is correct, the suffix -mont is probably from mons, montiscode: lat promoted to code: la , meaning either hill or mountain. However, some historians point out that many geographical names with this suffix belong to places not on a hill, some of which are even in valleys. This may cast doubt on the true meaning being "hill", but another source indicates that monscode: lat promoted to code: la was used in Roman times to indicate a way-station for travellers.
As for the prefix of spri-, more debate is required, as its origin seems to be lost to antiquity. Ancient written documents indicate several possible Latin origins: spiris, sperscode: lat promoted to code: la . Regardless of the meaning of the root word, one must also consider the usage in the context of the name itself. For example, if it does indeed refer to a species of tree or wood, in those ancient times, what was the connotation? It has been argued persuasively that 'spri' means 'lance'.
Concluding the etymology of Sprimont, the active might mean 'Mounted Warrior', whereas the passive might mean 'Lance of Defence'. This is from mont de Spiris.