|Città di Squillace|
Coat of arms
Location of Squillace in Italy
|Frazioni||Fiasco Baldaia, Squillace Lido|
|• Mayor||Pasquale Muccari|
|• Total||33 km2 (13 sq mi)|
|Elevation||344 m (1,129 ft)|
(December 31, 2013)
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Agathius Martyr|
|Saint day||May 7|
Squillace (Ancient Greek: Σκυλλήτιον Skylletion; Medieval Greek: Σκυλάκιον Skylakion) is an ancient town and comune, in the Province of Catanzaro, part of Calabria, southern Italy, facing the Gulf of Squillace.
Squillace is situated near the east coast of Calabria, close to the shores of an extensive bay, the Gulf of Squillace (Italian: Golfo di Squillace), which indents the coast of Calabria on the east as deeply as that of the Gulf of Saint Euphemia (Italian: Golfo di Sant'Eufemia) does on the west, with a comparatively narrow isthmus between them.
Squillace is known today as one of Italy's most important archaeological sites as well as a popular resort. The name derives from the ancient city of Scylletium, the principal ruins of which are located in the nearby comune of Borgia. The Roman statesman and writer Cassiodorus founded a monastery called Vivarium on his family estates on the shores of the Ionian Sea in the 6th century AD. This monastery was on the site of the modern Santa Maria de Vetere near Squillace.
Production of highly prized terra cotta has been an important part the local economy for centuries; Cassiodorus makes several mentions of it in his writings. Squillace is the home of the pignatari style of ceramic artistry. The name is derived from the Italian word pignata, an earthenware container used for cooking beans over an open fire.