This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Sri Ganganagar district" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Sri Ganganagar district
View of canal in Rawla Mandi
Location of Sri Ganganagar district in Rajasthan
Coordinates (Sri Ganganagar): 29°55′04″N 73°52′54″E / 29.91778°N 73.88167°E / 29.91778; 73.88167Coordinates: 29°55′04″N 73°52′54″E / 29.91778°N 73.88167°E / 29.91778; 73.88167
Country India
StateRajasthan
DivisionBikaner
HeadquartersSri Ganganagar
TehsilsSri Ganganagar
Sri Karanpur
Sadulshahar
Padampur
Raisinghnagar
Suratgarh
Anoopgarh
Shri Vijaynagar
Gharsana
Rawla Mandi
Government
 • District collectorZakir Hussain
Area
 • Total11,154 km2 (4,307 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,969,168
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy69.6
 • Sex ratio887
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 62 (Old 15)
Websitesriganganagar.rajasthan.gov.in

Sri Ganganagar district is the northernmost district of Rajasthan state in western India.

History

Named after Maharaja Ganga Singh of Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar district was part of Bikaner state. This was a mostly uninhabited region. The history of this district is testimony to the vision and efforts of Maharaja Ganga Singh, who visualised and built the Gang Canal after the Indian famine of 1899–1900. The waters of the Sutlej River were brought into the region through the 89-mile long Gang Canal in 1927, turning this region into a breadbasket[2] of Rajasthan.

Geography

Location and area

Sri Ganganagar district is located between Latitude 28.4 to 30.6 and Longitude 72.2 to 75.3[3] The total area of Sri Ganganagar is 11,154.66 km2 or 1,115,466 hectares. It is surrounded on the east by Hanumangarh district, (Hanumangarh district was carved out of it on 12 July 1994) on the south by Bikaner district, and on the west by Bahawalnagar district of the Pakistani Punjab and on the north by the Punjab.

Tehsils and other towns

Map of the tehsils within Sri Ganganagar district
Map of the tehsils within Sri Ganganagar district

Ganganagar tehsils

There are following Ten tehsils in Ganganagar district.

  1. Sri Ganganagar
  2. Sri Karanpur, headquarters in the town of Karanpur
  3. Sadulshahar
  4. Padampur
  5. Raisinghnagar
  6. Suratgarh
  7. Anoopgarh
  8. Shri Vijaynagar
  9. Gharsana
  10. Rawla Mandi

There are total 344 Gram Panchayats in Sriganganagar district. Ganganagar has a total of 3061 big and small villages which are the highest in Rajasthan

Other major towns and villages

Raisinghnagar, Kesrisinghpur, Gajsinghpur, Suratgarh, Ramsinghpur (59GB), Jaitsar (1GB-A), Rawla Mandi (8PSD-B) are major towns, whereas Raghunathpura (4RM), 22GB, Lalgarh Jatan (8LLG), Ridmalsar (60LNP), Kikarwali (60RB), Buddha Johad (Dabla 5NP), Binjhbayla, Rajiasar, Patroda (11P), Sameja Kothi (17PTD), Salempura, Chunawadh (30GG), Birmana (3BMM), Hindumalkot, Zorawar singhpura, Banda colony, Bajuwala, Dhaban Jhallar (15LKS), Khat Sajwar, Mirjawala (12F), Daulatpura, Netewala (2HH-1), Ganeshgarh, Mahiyawali (4HH), Dungersinghpura, Manniwali (36PTP), Narsinghpura (49LLW), Manjhuwas (52LNP), Sardargarh (11Sgm), Sanghar (10SGR), Nirbana (3NRD), Manewala (2MNWM), Sadhuwali (1D), Sri Gurusar Modia (26 MOD), Peepasar, Naharanwali (11-12Nd), Kumpali, Gudli, Rawla Gaon (10KD), Gomawali, Khanuwali (17KND), Dhaba, Bhatiwala, Kararwala, Kararwali (8NP), Hakmabad, Banwali, Matili Rathan, Dulatpur Kairi, Kotha, Pakki, Koni, Khakhan, Fatuhi, Mohanpura, Rohidawali, Gulabewala (25F), Arayan, Lakhahakam (84RB), Khatan, Rojhdi (2MGM), Satrana (9MD), 365 Head (2KLD), Old Gharsana (2Mld-A), New Gharsana (24AS-C+3STR) are small towns and villages...

There are 9 Panchayat Samitis and Blocks in SGNR are

  1. Suratgarh - 49 ग्राम पंचायत
  2. Raisinghnagar - 47 ग्राम पंचायत
  3. Anupgarh - 32 ग्राम पंचायत
  4. Vijaynagar - 29 ग्राम पंचायत
  5. Gharsana - 36 ग्राम पंचायत
  6. Padampur - 36 ग्राम पंचायत
  7. Karanpur - 35 ग्राम पंचायत
  8. Sadulshahar - 27 ग्राम पंचायत
  9. Ganganagar - 53 ग्राम पंचायत

In Ganganagar District There are also 12 Sub tehsils Are Hindumalkot, Lalgarh, Chunawadh, Kesrisinghpur, Gajsinghpur, Sameja, Muklawa, Binjhbayala, Jaitsar, Rajiasar, Ramsinghpur and 365 Head...

In Ganganagar District There are 1 Municipal council is in Ganganagar and 10 Municipalities are in Suratgarh, Anupgarh, Sadulshahar, Vijaynagar, Padampur, Karanpur, Gajsinghpur, Kesrisinghpur, Lalgarh Jatan and Raisinghnagar...

Many towns and cities in Sri Ganganagar district are named after members of the royal family of the former Bikaner State.

Famous Places

  1. Shivpur Head - Shivpur Fatuhi
  2. Gurudwara Budhdha Johar - Dabla
  3. Bishnoi Mandir & Amrita Devi Park - Dabla
  4. Laila Majhnu Majar - Binjor
  5. Airforce Suratgarh
  6. Thermal Power Plant Super Critical Suratgarh
  7. All India Redio Station Suratgarh
  8. Cetral Farm Suratgarh, Jaitsar, Sardargarh
  9. CCBF Suratgarh
  10. Shree Cement Udaipur Suratgarh
  11. Koni Village Border
  12. Hindumalkot Border
  13. Mawadiya Dhiraniya bayala Temple Binjhbayala
  14. Padpata Dhaam Dhaban Jhallar
  15. Chanana Dham - 4NN Chanana
  16. Hathiyawala Dham
  17. Anupgarh Fort
  18. Suratgarh Sodhal Fort
  19. Dhab Suratgarh

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
190184,281—    
1911121,077+3.69%
1921100,233−1.87%
1931202,964+7.31%
1941313,741+4.45%
1951370,238+1.67%
1961604,901+5.03%
1971732,152+1.93%
19811,084,161+4.00%
19911,402,444+2.61%
20011,789,423+2.47%
20111,969,168+0.96%
source:[4]

According to the 2011 census Sri Ganganagar district has a population of 1,969,168,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia[6] or the US state of New Mexico.[7] This gives it a ranking of 235th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 179 inhabitants per square kilometre (460/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.06%.[5] Ganganagar has a sex ratio of 887 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 70.25%. Scheduled Castes and Tribes made up 36.58% and 0.68% of the population respectively.[5]

Languages

Languages in Sri Ganganagar District (2011)[8]

  Punjabi (32.07%)
  Rajasthani (25.56%)
  Bagri (24.24%)
  Hindi (10.17%)
  Baori (2.33%)
  Marwari (2.27%)
  Others (3.36%)

Hindi is the official language. Bagri, a dialect of Rajasthani language, or Malvayi, a dialect of Punjabi language, are spoken by majority of population. Haryanvi, Sindhi, Sansi, and Sikh Bawari are other languages and dialects spoken at small level.

Religion

Religion in Sri Ganganagar district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
74.98%
Sikhism
22.11%
Islam
2.57%
Other
0.33%


Media

The district has editions of state level newspapers from Jaipur, which are re-published from Ganganagar and Raisinghnagar.

"Air Suratgarh", a radio station, broadcasts programmes in Hindi, Rajasthani and Punjabi languages. It was commissioned in 1981 and broadcasts on the 918 kHz frequency.[10]

References

  1. ^ "Name Census 2011, Rajasthan data" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  2. ^ Garg, Balwant (27 July 2003). "Suicide woes fill the 'food basket'". The Times Of India.
  3. ^ http://ganganagar.nic.in/
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Slovenia 2,000,092 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico - 2,059,179
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 August 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Ganganagar (Sri Ganganagar) District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Air Suratgarh". All India Radio.