St. Johns, Michigan
City of St. Johns
The Clinton County Courthouse
The Clinton County Courthouse
Nickname(s): 
Mint City USA
Location within Clinton County
Location within Clinton County
St. Johns is located in Michigan
St. Johns
St. Johns
Location within the state of Michigan
St. Johns is located in the United States
St. Johns
St. Johns
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 43°00′03″N 84°33′24″W / 43.00083°N 84.55667°W / 43.00083; -84.55667Coordinates: 43°00′03″N 84°33′24″W / 43.00083°N 84.55667°W / 43.00083; -84.55667
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyClinton
Settled1853
Incorporated1904
Government
 • TypeCommission–manager
 • MayorEric Hufnagel
 • ManagerJohn Stoppels
Area
 • Total4.21 sq mi (10.91 km2)
 • Land4.21 sq mi (10.91 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
791 ft (241 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,698
 • Density1,827.20/sq mi (705.45/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
48879
Area code(s)989
FIPS code26-70940[2]
GNIS feature ID0636718[3]
WebsiteOfficial website

St. Johns is a city and county seat of Clinton County in the U.S. state of Michigan.[4] The population was 7,865 at the 2010 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.87 square miles (10.02 km2), all of it land.[5] The city is situated in Bingham Township, but is administratively autonomous. A mixture of rich forests, plains and farmland (uniquely, mint fields) make up the St. Johns area, providing ample opportunity for outdoor sports and agriculture.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18802,370
18903,12731.9%
19003,3888.3%
19103,154−6.9%
19203,92524.4%
19303,9290.1%
19404,42212.5%
19504,95412.0%
19605,62913.6%
19706,67218.5%
19807,37610.6%
19907,284−1.2%
20007,4582.4%
20107,8655.5%
20207,698−2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 7,865 people, 3,147 households, and 2,011 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,032.3 inhabitants per square mile (784.7/km2). There were 3,451 housing units at an average density of 891.7 per square mile (344.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 1.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.6% of the population.

There were 3,147 households, of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.1% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city is 37.2. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

Culture

The Wilson Center Auditorium on Cass Street puts on rock concerts and theatrical productions throughout the year. To date, they have brought in acts such as David Dondero,[7] Hailey Wojcik,[8] and Doug Mains and the City Folk.[9]

Mint Farming

Near the turn of the century, high demand for mint oil in medicines and candy from companies like Wrigley caused a surge in demand for mint farming. The rich, organic, muck soil of Clinton County makes the area around St. Johns particularly well-suited for mint farming. As a result, many mint farmers cultivated mint.[10] The Crosby Mint Farm, established by J.E. Crosby in 1912, claims to be the oldest continuously family-operated mint farm in the United States.

Today Clinton County ranks first in Michigan in regards to total mint production.[11][12] St. Johns is known as the Mint City and has been called "The Mint Capital of the World."[13]

Each year since 1985, St. Johns celebrates its mint farming heritage with the St. Johns Mint Festival. The festival typically takes place on the second weekend in August.

Transportation

Highways

Airports

Notable people

Places of Interest

Registered Historic Buildings in St. Johns

Name Image Location Michigan State Historic Site Michigan Historical Marker National Register of Historic Places Description
Coleman's Hotel
Coleman Hotel Greenbush.jpg
Southeast corner of US-127 and French Rd. November 21, 1975 N/A N/A
Roswell C. Dexter House
Roswell Dexter House St Johns.jpg
200 S. Church St. November 1, 1988 N/A N/A
East Ward School 106 N. Traver St. February 27, 1980 N/A May 12, 1980[16] The East Ward School was constructed in 1876 from plans by Bay City architect Oliver Hidden. It was unusual for its size and its elaborate brickwork. In 1976 the school was named Teresa Merrill School in honor of longtime local educator Teresa A. Merrill.[17] The school building has been replaced with a housing development and a preschool.
Paine-Gillam-Scott House
Paine-Gillam-Scott House St Johns.jpg
106 Maple St. January 18, 1980[18] 1988 N/A Lured by the railroad, John W. Paine (1821–1870) moved from the nearby Rochester Colony to St. Johns. In 1860 he built the town's first brick store and this house. The office was later added to this site. Dr. Samuel Gillam (1845–1908) remodeled the house in 1883. In 1904 he was joined by Dr. Walter M. Scott (1875–1934), who practiced here until his death. The Clinton County Historical Society restored the house in 1978 and the office in 1986.
Henry M. Perrin-Dr. Henry Palmer House
Perrin-Palmer House St Johns.jpg
903 N. Clinton Ave. February 25, 1988 N/A N/A
St. John's Church
St Johns Episcopal Church.jpg
400 E. Walker St. February 23, 1981[18] 1990 N/A The congregation first organized in 1858, and built their first church in 1867. Shortly after the close of Easter evening services in 1893 the church burned. The congregation celebrated the first service in the current church on Easter Sunday 1894.[18]
St. Johns Union School †
Union School St Johns.jpg
205 West Baldwin St. February 27, 1980 N/A May 15, 1980[19] The Union School was a state-of-the-art school when it was built in 1885. It served as a school for the St. Johns district until 1986. The building has been replaced with a housing development.
Steel Hotel †
Steelhotel.jpg
West side of N. Clinton Ave. February 11, 1972 N/A N/A Built by prominent local businessman Robert M. Steel in 1887. At the time the hotel was built, and for many years later, the building was considered one of the finest hotels in the state. The building famously burned down in 1975.[20]
Giles J. Gibbs Building
Sugarbowl2013-stjohns-mi-usa48879zipcode.JPG
12 N. Clinton Ave. N/A N/A March 15, 2000[21] Constructed in 1867, this building was originally home to a grocer. It is most notable for being home to the former Sugar Bowl Restaurant. The interior remains set up as a confectionery and soda fountain to this day.[22]

Sites marked with a dagger (†) have been demolished.

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, St. Johns has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[23]

Climate data for St. Johns, Michigan (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1894–2016)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
69
(21)
86
(30)
89
(32)
95
(35)
100
(38)
102
(39)
102
(39)
99
(37)
89
(32)
79
(26)
69
(21)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 30.6
(−0.8)
33.0
(0.6)
43.7
(6.5)
56.9
(13.8)
69.3
(20.7)
78.9
(26.1)
83.2
(28.4)
81.3
(27.4)
74.8
(23.8)
61.7
(16.5)
47.3
(8.5)
36.0
(2.2)
58.1
(14.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 24.2
(−4.3)
25.8
(−3.4)
34.9
(1.6)
46.6
(8.1)
58.8
(14.9)
68.8
(20.4)
72.8
(22.7)
71.0
(21.7)
63.9
(17.7)
52.2
(11.2)
40.0
(4.4)
30.0
(−1.1)
49.1
(9.5)
Average low °F (°C) 17.7
(−7.9)
18.6
(−7.4)
26.1
(−3.3)
36.4
(2.4)
48.2
(9.0)
58.7
(14.8)
62.3
(16.8)
60.7
(15.9)
53.1
(11.7)
42.6
(5.9)
32.8
(0.4)
24.1
(−4.4)
40.1
(4.5)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−22
(−30)
−14
(−26)
5
(−15)
15
(−9)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
38
(3)
27
(−3)
14
(−10)
−5
(−21)
−14
(−26)
−25
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.07
(53)
1.80
(46)
1.93
(49)
3.58
(91)
3.83
(97)
3.35
(85)
3.20
(81)
3.46
(88)
2.87
(73)
3.25
(83)
2.84
(72)
1.82
(46)
34.00
(864)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12.5 9.8 10.3 11.9 12.1 10.1 9.4 10.2 9.6 11.3 11.0 10.8 129.0
Source: NOAA[24][25]

Crime rate

Crime in St. Johns is significantly lower when compared to the national average, and average-to-high when compared to surrounding cities.

Violent Crime Rate in 2012 (higher number means more dangerous)[26]

Reported Incidents from 2001–2012 in St. Johns, MI:[27]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  7. ^ "Turn it down".
  8. ^ "Group raising money to renovate Wilson Center auditorium". Lansing State Journal. 3 November 2015.
  9. ^ "Trio of bands to play at Wilson Center".
  10. ^ "Mint in Michigan". geo.msu.edu.
  11. ^ History of Crosby Farm
  12. ^ "Clinton County". Clinton county Economic Alliance. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  13. ^ Usealman, Kevin (June 23, 2010). "St. Johns is mint capital of the world". Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  14. ^ "Butterbean on fighting, handmade razors and growing up in St. Johns".
  15. ^ a b Davis, Henry Blaine Jr. (1998). Generals in Khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press. p. 343. ISBN 978-1-5719-7088-6 – via Google Books.
  16. ^ "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov.
  17. ^ "The East Ward Story, Teresa Merrill". 27 February 2015.
  18. ^ a b c "Michigan Historical Markers". secure1.state.mi.us.
  19. ^ "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov.
  20. ^ https://www.clinton-county.org/ArchiveCenter/ViewFile/Item/686[bare URL PDF]
  21. ^ "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov.
  22. ^ Department of the Interior. National Park Service. (3/2/1934 - ). Michigan SP Gibbs, Giles J., Building - Sugar Bowl. File Unit: National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records: Michigan, 1964 - 2013 – via US National Archives Research Catalog.
  23. ^ "St. Johns, Michigan Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  24. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  25. ^ "Station: Saint Johns, MI". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  26. ^ "Rates, City-Data St. Johns, MI".
  27. ^ "Crime Rates, City-Data St. Johns, MI".