St Catherine of Siena, Richmond
St Catherine of Siena, Richmond.jpg
St Catherine of Siena, seen from the south east
Religion
AffiliationAnglican
DistrictDiocese of Sheffield
ProvinceYork
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusChurch
LeadershipPhilip Knowles (priest)
Year consecrated1959
Location
LocationRichmond, Sheffield
South Yorkshire, England
St Catherine of Siena, Richmond is located in Sheffield
St Catherine of Siena, Richmond
Shown within Sheffield
Geographic coordinates53°21′41″N 1°24′26″W / 53.3615°N 1.4072°W / 53.3615; -1.4072Coordinates: 53°21′41″N 1°24′26″W / 53.3615°N 1.4072°W / 53.3615; -1.4072
Architecture
Architect(s)Basil Spence
TypeChurch
StyleModernist
Completed1959
Construction cost£50000 (£1,240,000 in 2021)[1]
Specifications
Capacity300
Length99 feet
Width42 feet
Height (max)56 feet
MaterialsBrick
Website
www.stcathsiena.co.uk

St Catherine of Siena is an Anglican church in the Richmond district of Sheffield in England.

History of the parish

Historically, Richmond was a sparsely populated area forming the western end of the Handsworth parish. The Woodthorpe estate was constructed in the area from the 1930s, and in 1935, a chapel-of-ease was constructed to serve its population.[2] It was a temporary structure of corrugated asbestos at the junction of Richmond Road and Hastilar Road.[3] In 1949, a parish was created for it,[2] but the local population had increased to more than 10,000 people, and the church was considered insufficient and in need of replacement. Frederick Etchells was commissioned to design a new church, to seat 500 people, but although he produced drawings, there was initially no money available to construct the building.[3]

Design

St Phillip's Church in Attercliffe was destroyed by bombing during World War II, and although War Damage compensation was available, population decline in that area led the Diocese of Sheffield to request that the money be transferred to the Woodthorpe parish. This was agreed, and Etchells was asked to update his previous design. However, Etchells had largely retired, and rejected the job. Instead, Basil Spence was given the commission. Initially, he produced a design similar to his work at St Hugh, Leicester, but in 1957 he completely altered the designs, working with Anthony Blee who produced drawings of the elevations. This new design was for a brick church, with an attached hall, bell tower attached by a glazed passage, and a detached vicarage. Its appearance, largely plain, with narrow windows, was inspired by Eliel and Eero Saarinen's Christ Evangelical Church in Minneapolis.[3]

Construction and opening

Construction started on the project, on the site of the earlier church. It was already well underway by April 1959, when its foundation stone was dedicated by the Bishop of Sheffield and the Earl of Scarborough. Ralph Beyer carved the name of the church by the doorway shortly before it opened on 5 December 1959.[3] Once opened, the parish was renamed Richmond, after the larger suburb which it included. Congregations remained much smaller than expected, as many local residents were either Catholic or Methodist, and averaged only thirty worshippers for many years.[2]

Inside the church, the altar is of black metal with a timber top, and the font is made of limestone with fossil inclusions.[4] Work on furnishings and decorations continued over the next few years; an organ was installed, and a sculpture by Ronald Pope was added to the bell tower in 1966.[3]

Recent history

Congregations finally began growing in the late 1980s, as the population of the local area saw generational change. A major restoration was completed in 1997,[2] following which, the church was listed at Grade II.[4]

The church maintains what it describes as a Catholic style of worship. It does not support the ordination of women and, as such, has taken the option of submitting to the Provincial episcopal visitor, the Bishop of Beverley.[5]

References

  1. ^ UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d St Catherine of Siena, "History"
  3. ^ a b c d e David Walker, English Religious Architecture of the Fifties
  4. ^ a b Historic England, "Church of St Catherine of Siena"
  5. ^ St Catherine of Siena, "About us"