Stanislaw Tillich
Ministerpräsident a. D.
Tillich in 2017
President of the German Bundesrat
In office
1 November 2015 – 31 October 2016
Preceded byVolker Bouffier
Succeeded byMalu Dreyer
Minister-President of Saxony
In office
28 May 2008 – 17 December 2017
DeputyThomas Jurk
Sven Morlok
Martin Dulig
Preceded byGeorg Milbradt
Succeeded byMichael Kretschmer
Member of the European Parliament
In office
19 July 1994 – 19 July 1999
ConstituencyGermany
Personal details
Born (1959-04-10) 10 April 1959 (age 62)
Neudörfel (Nowa Wjeska), East Germany
Political partyChristian Democratic Union
Other political
affiliations
European People's Party
Alma materDresden University of Technology
ProfessionEngineer, politician
WebsiteWebsite

Stanislaw Tillich (German pronunciation: [ˈstanɪslaf ˈtɪlɪç]; Upper Sorbian: Stanisław Tilich; born 10 April 1959) is a German politician of the CDU. He served as the 3rd Minister President of Saxony from 2008 to 2017. From 1 November 2015 until 31 October 2016, he was President of the Bundesrat and ex officio deputy to the President of Germany. Tillich is of Sorbian ethnicity and lives in Panschwitz-Kuckau (Pančicy-Kukow), which is 35 kilometres north-east of Dresden near Kamenz.

Early life and education

Born in Neudörfel (Sorbian: Nowa Wjeska) near Kamenz (Sorbian: Kamjenc), Tillich studied construction and drive techniques at the Dresden University of Technology after finishing his Abitur at the Sorbian Gymnasium in Bautzen in 1977. He graduated from university with a Diplomingenieur degree in 1984. Tillich was an employee of the district administration of Kamenz between 1987 and 1989. Later he became an entrepreneur.

Political career

Tillich joined the Christian Democratic Union (East Germany) in 1987 and became a member of the CDU after German reunification in 1990. He was a member of the Volkskammer in 1990 and was delegated as an observer of the European Parliament between 1991 and 1994. He joined the European People's Party and was a member of the European Parliament between 1994 and 1999 where he was the Parliament's rapporteur on the 1998 EU budget.[1]

Tillich has been a minister in the government of Saxony since 1999. He was State Minister for Federal and European Affairs until 2002 when he became State Minister and head of the Staatskanzlei. In 2004 he became the Saxon State Minister for Environment and Agriculture. He became State Minister of Finance in 2007 and has been a member of the Landtag of Saxony since 2004.

Minister-President of Saxony, 2008-2017

Tillich was proposed by Georg Milbradt on 14 April 2008 to become his successor as the Minister-President of Saxony. The Landtag of Saxony elected him on 28 May 2008. He is the first Sorbian head of government in more than thousand years of Sorbian-German coexistence in Saxony.

Together with Günther Oettinger, Dieter Althaus, Maria Böhmer, Peter Hintze, Martina Krogmann and Peter Müller, Tillich co-chaired the CDU’s 2008 national convention in Stuttgart.[2]

In the negotiations to form a coalition government of the Christian Democrats (CDU together with the Bavarian CSU) and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) following the 2009 national elections, Tillich was part of the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on economic affairs and energy policy, led by Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg and Rainer Brüderle.

In 2010, news media reported that Michael Kretschmer, the CDU’s general secretary in Saxony, had offered personal meetings with Tillich in exchange for party donations worth €500 to €8,000, or about $680 to $10,900.[3]

From 2010, Tillich was a member of the Christian Democratic Union's 20-strong executive board.[4] By 2012, opinion polls put the backing of Tillich's CDU at 44 percent, at the time the highest level of support in any of the 16 German federal states; this made commentators describe him as “Germany’s second most-powerful politician from the formerly Communist East“ after Chancellor Angela Merkel.[5]

Tillich participated in the exploratory talks between the CDU, CSU and SPD parties to form a coalition government under Merkel following the 2013 federal elections.[6]

Tillich won reelection in the 2014 state elections. Ahead of the elections, he had soon put an end to speculation that he might team up with the newly founded AfD, which the CDU instead attempted to characterize as a fringe movement that flirts with the far right.[7] At the time, Saxony was the first of three eastern regions to hold elections in a two-week span, with Brandenburg and Thuringia later rounding off the first set of electoral since Merkel won a third term.

As one of Saxony's representatives at the Bundesrat, Tillich served as chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs from October 2016. In addition, he was a member of the German-Russian Friendship Group set up in cooperation with Russia's Federation Council.

When the AfD overtook the CDU for the first time to emerge as Saxony's most popular party in the 2017 national elections, Tillich resigned and Michael Kretschmer took over.[8]

In 2017, Tillich said that the "People want Germany to stay Germany,".[9][10]

Life after politics

From 2018 until 2019, Tillich co-chaired the German government's so-called coal commission, which was tasked to develop a masterplan before the end of the year on how to phase-out coal and create a new economic perspective for the country's coal-mining regions.[11]

Tillich was nominated by his party as delegate to the Federal Convention for the purpose of electing the President of Germany in 2022.[12]

Other activities

Corporate boards

Non-profit organizations

Personal life

Besides his native language Upper Sorbian, Tillich speaks fluent German, Czech and Polish. His wife, Veronika, is half-Polish, half-Sorbian. Her father was a forced laborer from Poland who settled in Lusatia after World War II and married a Sorbian woman. Tillich and his wife have two children.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Simon Coss (1 January 2014), Member states urged to support plan to boost small business funding European Voice.
  2. ^ Protokoll: 22. Parteitag der CDU Deutschlands, 1. – 2. Dezember 2008, Stuttgart Konrad Adenauer Foundation.
  3. ^ Judy Dempsey (1 March 2010), Fund-Raising Scandals Pose Risk to Merkel's Party in Two State Elections International Herald Tribune.
  4. ^ Leon Mangasarian (23 October 2012), Merkel’s Tough Love Crisis Stance Key to 2013 Vote, Tillich Says Bloomberg News.
  5. ^ Leon Mangasarian (23 October 2012), Merkel’s Tough Love Crisis Stance Key to 2013 Vote, Tillich Says Bloomberg News.
  6. ^ Arne Delfs and Patrick Donahue (30 September 2013), Germany Sets Coalition Talks Date as Weeks of Bartering Loom Bloomberg News.
  7. ^ Stephen Brown and Annika Breidthardt (31 August 2014), Merkel's conservatives set to hold Saxony, euroskeptics make breakthrough Reuters.
  8. ^ Guy Chazan (30 August 2019), The premier taking on Saxony’s populists with grilled sausage Financial Times.
  9. ^ "Merkel allies fret over former East Germany's rightward shift".
  10. ^ "Merkel allies fret over former East Germany's rightward shift". 30 September 2017.
  11. ^ Andreas Franke (6 June 2018), Germany launches commission tasked to develop coal exit masterplan S&P Global Platts.
  12. ^ 17th Federal Convention, 13 February 2022, List of Members Bundestag.
  13. ^ Sachsens Ex-Ministerpräsident Tillich wird Chef des Mibrag-Aufsichtsrats BILD, 24 September 2019.
  14. ^ Steffen Höhne (2 July 2019), Lobbyist für russische Airline: Stanislaw Tillich soll Volga-Dnepr bei Expansion helfen Mitteldeutsche Zeitung.
  15. ^ Senate, as of February 2019 Max Planck Society.
  16. ^ Members of the Jury Wirtschaftliche Gesellschaft für Westfalen und Lippe.