State Border Committee of the Republic of Belarus
Дзяржаўны пагранічны камітэт Рэспублікі Беларусь
Государственный пограничный комитет Республики Беларусь
Flag of the State border committee of Republic of Belarus.svg
Flag of the Border Guard Service
Bel gpk.gif
Emblem of the State Border Guard Service
Public Service overview
FormedSeptember 20, 1991 (1991-09-20)
Preceding Public Service
JurisdictionArmed Forces of Belarus
Headquarters24 Volodarsky Street, Minsk, Belarus
Minister responsible
Public Service executive
  • Major General Anatoly Lappo, Chairman of the Committee
Child Public Service
Websitegpk.gov.
One of the buildings of the committee in Minsk
One of the buildings of the committee in Minsk

The State Border Committee of the Republic of Belarus, GPK (Belarusian: Дзяржаўны пагранічны камітэт Рэспублікі Беларусь, ДПК; Russian: Государственный пограничный комитет Республики Беларусь, ГПК) manages the international borders of Belarus. Its armed paramilitary force is known as the Border Guard Service (Belarusian: Пагранічная Служба Беларусі; Russian: Пограничная служба Беларуси), It carries out committee orders and policy. The service covers the borders with Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia.[1][2]

History

The Border Committee was created by decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus on September 20, 1991. To manage the border units and subunits, the General Directorate of the Border Troops (Russian: Главное управление пограничных войск was established by order of the Supreme Soviet on January 15, 1992 under the Council of Ministers. To create a legal basis for their activities, the Supreme Council adopted Law No. 1908-XII “On the State Border of the Republic of Belarus”, and Law No. 1911-XII “On the Border Troops of the Republic of Belarus” on November 4–5, 1992. On August 19, 1993, a law was adopted by the Council of Ministers decree on the official creation of the Border Troops of Belarus. Between 1994 and 1997, the first border units were formed/deployed and agreements were made between Belarus' neighbors on cooperation between the border troops of Belarus and neighboring countries. On 11 January 1997 President Lukashenko signed decree renaming the General Directorate to State Committee of the Border Troops. In a September 2007 decree, President Alexander Lukashenko renamed the Border Troops of Belarus to the Border Service.[3]

On September 18, 2020, the committee announced it had tightened border security with Poland and Lithuania, calling up reserves to patrol the borders although Poland and Lithuania said their borders with Belarus remained open.[4]

After the start of the Belarus–EU border crisis, the leadership of the State Border Committee, including its chairman Lappo, was included in the sanctions lists of the European Union,[5] the United States[6] and Canada[7][8] on December 2, 2021. Switzerland joined the EU sanctions on December 20.[9]

Tasks

Primary tasks of the State Border Committee include:[10]

The Border Service of Belarus has 14 territorial units under its control.

Structure

Border Service Institute

Border Service Institute headquarters in Minsk
Border Service Institute headquarters in Minsk

Main article: Border Guard Service Institute of Belarus

The Border Service Institute is the official training service of the GPK and is a higher educational institution in the Republic. The institute was founded in August 1993 in accordance with a Resolution of the Council of Ministers on the basis of the Minsk Higher Military-Political-Arms School.

Leadership

General Directorate of Border Troops of the Republic of Belarus

State Committee of the Border Troops

State Border Committee

See also

References

  1. ^ "State Border Committee". Gpk.gov.by. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Taras Seredyuk, the State Border Committee of the Republic of Belarus". 8 December 2017.
  3. ^ Указ Прэзiдэнта Рэспублiкi Беларусь ад 25 верасня 2007 г. № 448 "Аб некаторых пытаннях органаў пагранічнай службы"
  4. ^ "Belarus Tightens Border Security with Two EU Neighbors". Bloomberg.com. 18 September 2020.
  5. ^ "COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2021/2124 of 2 December 2021 implementing Article 8a(1) of Regulation (EC) No 765/2006 concerning restrictive measures in respect of Belarus". Official Journal of the European Union. 2021-12-02. Archived from the original on 2021-12-15. Retrieved 2021-12-23.
  6. ^ "Belarus Designations; Publication of Belarus Directive 1 and related Frequently Asked Questions; Issuance of Belarus General License 5". United States Department of the Treasury. 2 December 2021. Retrieved 10 December 2021.
  7. ^ "Backgrounder: Belarus sanctions". Global Affairs Canada. 2 December 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  8. ^ Steven Chase (2 December 2021). "Canada sanctions Belarus over migrant crisis in concert with Western allies". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Searching for subjects of sanctions". State Secretariat for Economic Affairs.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". gpk.gov.by. Archived from the original on 7 June 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)