State Border Guard Service of Turkmenistan
Türkmenistan Döwlet Serhet Gullugy
Emblem of the State Border Guard Service
Emblem of the State Border Guard Service
Agency overview
FormedAugust 11, 1992 (1992-08-11)
Preceding agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionTurkmenistan
Specialist jurisdiction
  • National border patrol, security, and integrity.
Operational structure
Agency executive
  • Colonel Ýazgeldi Bäşimowiç Nuryýew[1][2], Chief of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan, Commander of Border Troops
Parent agencyMinistry for National Security

The State Border Service (SBS) (Turkmen: Döwlet Serhet Gullugy, DSG) also commonly known by its paramilitary force as the Turkmen Border Troops (Türkmenistan Serhet Garawul) is a border guard agency of the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan. It is currently a public service department of the government of the country and is under the command of the Ministry for National Security of Turkmenistan.


The service was established on 11 August 1992, by order of President Saparmyrat Nyýazow, on the basis of the Soviet Border Troops in the Turkestan Military District.[3] Until 1997, the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan included the Border Troops of the Ministry of Defense, which were then transformed into the State Border Service. It cooperated with Russian border guards who remained in country until 1999 as a result of a joint Russian–Turkmen agreement on the protection of the state border of Turkmenistan, which was signed in 1993. It slowly evolved to meet the standards of its counterparts, with the DSG being allowed to inspect goods and other items transported across the border of Turkmenistan in April 1998. At the end of 2001, 3 new border detachments were created, with 2 (in Kushka and Köýtendag), being intensified the cover of the Afghan border to prevent Taliban fighters from taking refuge in the country during the War in Afghanistan. Recently, the service created a separate naval border patrol division stationed in Türkmenbaşy.[4] In 2014, there were several incidents for the service along the Afghanistan–Turkmenistan border, including one in February when Turkmen border guards killed a militant who crossed the border illegally and in retaliation three Turkmen border guards were killed later that month. Later that May, three Turkmen guards were killed by an armed group crossing the border from Ghormach District, Afghanistan.[5][6]


The main tasks of the service include the following:

The head of the service is a member of the Council of Border Guard Commanders of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).[7]


Personnel of the DSG at the International Equestrian Sports Complex.
The troops of the DSG on parade.

Breastplate "Valiant Border Guard"

The Breastplate "Valiant Border Guard" is the state medal designed to honour members of the DSG. It consists of medals in both the first and second degrees. It has the shape of a regular green octagon, which is one of the main elements of the State Emblem of Turkmenistan, inscribed in an circle with a diameter of 40 mm. It was created on 20 December 2005.[12]


See also


  1. ^ a b "УКАЗ Президента Туркменистана О НУРЫЕВЕ Я.Б." (in Russian). 27 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b "УКАЗ Президента Туркменистана О присвоении подполковнику НУРЫЕВУ Я.Б. воинского звания полковник" (in Russian). 27 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Президент Туркменистана поздравил пограничников | Общество | ИП "ТУРКМЕНинформ"".
  4. ^ " - Государственная пограничная служба Туркменистана". 14 November 2012. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012.
  5. ^ "More Turkmens Troops Killed Along Afghan Border", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 27 May 2014, retrieved 8 September 2018
  6. ^ Ferghana News - Turkmenistan erects barbed wire fences on Afghan bordern, 16 October 2014, retrieved 8 September 2018
  7. ^ "Совет командующих Пограничными войсками". 18 May 2015. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015.
  8. ^ turkmenportal. "В центре Ашхабада открылось новое здание центрального аппарата Государственной пограничной службы Туркменистана | Политика". Туркменистан, интернет портал о культурной, деловой и развлекательной жизни в Туркменистане (in Russian). Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Интернациональный долг". 100 ЛЕТ НА ОХРАНЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЙ ГРАНИЦЫ. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  10. ^ "". Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  11. ^ goşun, Milli. ""Türkmen alabaý" merkezi açyldy". Milli goşun (in Turkmen). Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Государственные награды". Официальный сайт посольства Туркменистана на Украине. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "В тюрьме скончался бывший командующий Погранвойсками Туркменистана Тиркиш Тырмыев". Хроника Туркменистана (in Russian). 16 January 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
  15. ^ Pannier, Bruce (23 January 2009). "Exit Of 'Gray Cardinal' Could Be Turkmen Milestone". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  16. ^ "Командующий погранвойсками Туркмении отправлен в отставку за пьянство". NEWSru. 3 November 2006.
  17. ^ "Berdymukhamedov replaces heads of National Security Ministry and Frontier Service".
  18. ^ "УКАЗ Президента Туркменистана О ДУРДЫЕВЕ Ш.А." (in Russian). 27 January 2021.
  19. ^ Начальнику Государственной пограничной службы объявлен строгий выговор [Chief of State Border Service receives stern reprimand] (in Russian), Туркменистан: Золотой век, 6 June 2024